Traditional World Music Week 1 - Central Asia and the Caucasus
Traditional World Music Week 1 - Central Asia and the Caucasus MUSI 3583 503
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MUSI 3583 503
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bridget Dixon on Tuesday January 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUSI 3583 503 at Oklahoma State University taught by Kunzel, Stephen N in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 215 views. For similar materials see World Traditional Music in Music at Oklahoma State University.
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Date Created: 01/19/16
Traditional World Music Week 1 Part 2 Caucasia Jagged landscape Isthmus War-torn region Borderland between Christian and Muslim worlds Two distinct regions The Northern Caucasus (part of the Russian Federations) The independent Transcaucasian Republics of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia (readings focus on Transcaucasia) The Georgians accept the Council of Chalcedon, which in 451 stated that Jesus was both divine and human in nature, while the Armenians do not. The Armenians believe that Jesus' nature was purely divine, or what is sometimes called monophysitism. The fall of the Solviet Union led to the establishment of there independent republics in 1991. Armenia (Hayastan in Armenian) Small, land-locked country bordered on the N by Georgia, to the E by Azerbaijan, to the S and W by Turkey, to the S by Iran and Naxicivan Trace origins to the area surrounding Mount Ararat only small portions of original land Mount Ararat’s seismic nature Strong sense of identity related to the Armenian Apostolic Church trace their Christian heritage to the Apostles S. Thaddeus and S. Bartholomew. Armenia, therefore, has the distinction of being the very first Christian state Armenia: Soorp Badarak (Divine Liturgy) Divine Liturgy – chief musical expression of the Armenian Apostolic Church One of the oldest rites in all of Christendom The Armenian liturgy and its music comprise the Badarak (Mass), the sharagan (hymns) sung at the services of the hours, and sharagan sung for the sacraments such as baptism, matrimony and funerals. General function of music is to lend spiritual meaning to the text and continuity to the various parts of the services. Soorp Badarok means “Holy Sacrifice” Georgia (Sakartvelo to the Georgians) Located next to the Black and Caspian seas Inhabitants of the Caucasus spend their holiday at Black Sea Caucasus Mountians to the N, also bordered by Azerbaijan, Armenia and Turkey Derive from early inhabitants of the Caucasus and ethnically part of the Kartvelian people Has been forming for over two millennia Trace their lineage to the Apostle Andrew Georgia Polyphonic Secular Song Polyphony – music that combines several lines of music simultaneously Commonplace in Georgia Monophonic songs – music that comprises one line, only sung while working the land and when traveling alone When three voices sing in unison, the middle voice takes precedence and the top voice takes a secondary role. At weddings or other social occasions audience and performers, all participants take part in the performance supra - a traditional social gathering where people have a long celebrated meal. Linked to the custom of hospitality Conclusion (word for word) Central Asia and the Caucasus comprise a diversity of people unlike anywhere else in the world. The current political boundaries do not necessarily reflect the various ethnic differences found throughout the region. The various soundscapes provide contexts for different styles of music, both secular and sacred. In Central Asia, nomadic cultures rely on storytelling through music while the music of the sedentary reflects the deep impact of Islam, spiritually, culturally, and politically. The Christian cultures of Armenia and Georgia make a dramatic distinction between the Muslim regions of Central Asia. Central Asia and the Caucasus's long contact with other cultures have created various musical styles that embody the changing nature of the entire region.
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