New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 2 notes

by: Sami Schultz

Chapter 2 notes exp3604c

Sami Schultz
GPA 3.3

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Perception, visual and auditory perception; these are all of the notes from chapter 2 that will be covered on the exam
Cognitive psychology
Dr Jong-Sung Yoon
Class Notes
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, perception
25 ?




Popular in Cognitive psychology

Popular in Department

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sami Schultz on Wednesday January 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to exp3604c at Florida State University taught by Dr Jong-Sung Yoon in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 50 views.


Reviews for Chapter 2 notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/20/16
CHAPTER 2  Our perception is influenced by our previous experiences  Sensation is the detection of physical energy by sense organs o Detecting and encoding sensory information  Gathering info from the environment into your senses  Ex; detecting the color and shape of an object  Sensory memory: 3 stage processing model o Brief sensory activations o Much sensory input never enters conscious processing o Two types  Iconic memory (visual)  Echoic memory (auditory)  Perception o Is the interpretation of raw sensory input o Involves integration of outside world and one’s own inner world o Closely tied to thought and memory o Our cognitive system actively works to create meaningful patterns o We don’t just sense the world  Sensation does NOT = perception  Primary visual cortex is in the occipital lobe  Primary auditory cortex in is the temporal lobe  Gestalt psychology o Our brains do more than register info about the world o We constantly filter how we attend to sensory info o Gestalt perception of motion  The brain perceives motion by comparing visual frames  A rapid series of slightly varying images creates perception of motion  This is another trick behind animation  Object recognition o Template theory  According to an early theory, our visual system compares a stimulus with a set of templates or specific patterns stored in your memory o Visual perception requires a more flexible system than matching a pattern using a specific theory o Feature analysis theory  A visual stimulus is composed of a small number of distinctive features  Compare new letter to stored list of distinctive features  Eleanor gibson’s research  Measured the time required to decide if two letters are different  Limitations with deature analysis approach  Complex shapes in nature  Context  Distortion of features o Context effect  A given stimulus may trigger different perceptions based on context o Recognition-by-Componenents theory  Irving Beiderman- a visual object can be represented as an arrangement of simple 3-D shapes, namely geons  Combining geons to form meaningful objects  In general three geons are enough to classify an object  Explains some portion of our remarkable skill in visual object recognition o Bottom-up processing  Begins with automatic sensory detection and encoding; construction of whole from parts  Emphasizes the importance of the environment and the stimulus in object recognition (what our sensory receptors actually register) o Top-down processing  Conceptually driven organization and interpretation of information  Experiences and expectations  Emphasizes how a person’s concepts and mental processing influences object recognition  Analyzing all of the individual features in the letters of words would be too much o Lapse in object perception:  Inattention blindness  Failure to notice that a new object had appeared because attention is focused elsewhere  Inattention blindness reflects the failure to detect an unexpected stimulus that is fully visible in a single display  Four characteristics o Fail to notice visual event o Fully visible o Unexpected  Change blindness  Failure to notice that something has changed from the way it was before  Real world implications- driving; eyewitness testimony


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.