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AFST Week One Notes

by: Samantha

AFST Week One Notes AFST1100

GPA 3.0

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Intro to AFST - Africana Studies Definition - History - Black Experience Black Experience: Color - Race is... - Pseudo-Scientific Theories on Race - Racial Construction - How myths de...
Intro to Africana Studies
Dr. Jackson
Class Notes
AFST, Africana Studies, Introduction, 1100
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha on Wednesday January 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AFST1100 at University of Toledo taught by Dr. Jackson in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Intro to Africana Studies in African Studies at University of Toledo.


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Date Created: 01/20/16
Intro to Africana Studies  Africana Studies o Histories, political and cultural movements of people in African Diaspora across the lobe  African Diaspora- movement of Africans across the world  Historical Origins o Basis for studies  Black community  Black academic community  Black power movement of 1960s o Black community’s roll  organizations  black bookstores  individuals  national movements o Black academic community’s role  organizations  black colleges  publications o Black power movements role  Began with students enrolled in predominantly white universities (aka PWIs)  Students wanted classes that represented them and their histories  The idea that education = empowerment o Nathan Hale  1968; first black studies department in San Francisco o Africana Studies Goals  Develop solutions to problems facing black people  Analysis of black culture that challenges “Eurocentric history”  Promote change  Institutionalize the study with theories and studies o Black experience  4 C’s  Color  Culture  Consciousness  Lived experience of black people is central focus Black Experience: Color  Race is… o A category of people whose perceived physical markers are deemed socially significant o Refers to physical features; is socially constructed o An idea that was created to justify inequality; a modern concept o Ethnicity is based on a shared heritage  Religions, languages, and beliefs are all examples of shared heritage o Physical differences are seen as a CAUSE of cultural differences o ‘racial’ groups are seen as ranked o Tied to ideas of biological evolution  Pseudo-Scientific Theories on Race o Charles Darwin and origin of species o Great chain of beings- idea that human races could be ranked from superior to inferior; believed that this scale was determined by God o Bell Curve – class differences between whites and blacks can be traced to IQ level o Troublesome Inheritance – different racial groups have genetic predispositions to certain things  Racial construction o Created in response to political boundaries and pressures o Always changing  How myths develop o Laws  Backing of ideas by government  Ex) Jim Crow o Census  Use of color/non-white options on ballet o Language  Public opinion on dialects  Ex) Thinking language is ‘ghetto’ o Culture  Bible has been used to support racial hierarchy  Race is NOT o Does not have any biological backing o It is a non-scientific terms


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