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RTVF 301, Week 1 Notes

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by: ekimura

RTVF 301, Week 1 Notes RTVF 301-02

Cal State Fullerton
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About this Document

First set of notes for week one, discusses early cinema and photography.
Intro to Film Studies
Gloria Monti
Class Notes
Film, radio, television, RTVF 301




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1 review
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"These were really helpful...I'll be checking back regularly for these"
Mrs. Stefan Wuckert

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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by ekimura on Wednesday January 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to RTVF 301-02 at California State University - Fullerton taught by Gloria Monti in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Intro to Film Studies in Film at California State University - Fullerton.

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These were really helpful...I'll be checking back regularly for these

-Mrs. Stefan Wuckert


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Date Created: 01/20/16
RTVF 301 – Early Cinema Photography Before Film Nicephore Niepce: Inventor (France) ­1826 – invention of photography (writing in light) ­exposure time took up to 8 hours ­1870s: 1/25 of a second for exposure  Eadweard Muybridge: Photographer (England) ­1878: Running Horse Bet – a $25k bet between Leland Stanford and another  individual about whether all of the horses hooves leave the ground or not ­Muybridge was commissioned to put 12 cameras to take 12 photos of horses ­served as proof that horses’ hooves leave the ground at some point  ­1877­1885: Motion Studies Photographs ­shows women and children doing mundane activities, all are nude ­was interested in showing the anatomical ways that the bodies move ­1879: Zoopraxiscope ­was a device that enabled people to see large size projections of photos  on a screen Etienne­Jules Marey: Scientist (France) ­1882: invented photographic gun ­was a single camera that records 12 different photos ­first camera to shoot motion pictures George Eastmen: Former bank clerk turned inventor/industrialist (U.S.) ­1885: Eastmen American Film  ­first flexible transparent film stock (celluloid) ­1888: Marey creates camera that uses transparent film stock ­1888: Eastmen creates Kodak Camera “you press the button, we do the rest” ­1889: Kodak film roll marketed Thomas Alva Edison: Inventor (U.S.) ­1877: invented phonograph ­1879: invented light bulb ­1888: he met with Muybridge in NJ because he wanted to combine the  phonograph (sound) with images (zoopraxiscope) ­1889: he met with Marey in Paris to discuss the camera gun W.K.L. Dickson: Edison’s “Assistant” (U.S.) ­equally involved in the creation of Edison’s inventions ­1893: Kinetograph­photographs movement ­35mm camera that shoots pictures 46 frames/second ­1893: Kinetoscope­viewing box for individual users ­1894: Mutoscope­viewing device that shows images in a different way Edison Manufacturing Company:  ­1893: first motion picture studio created in NJ (nicknamed the Black Maria) ­1894: Edison Kinetoscope Parlors created in NY ­first movie theaters, filled with boxes so individuals could watch films ­1895: Kinetophones are created which allowed music to accompany images ­films were shot in a studio with natural light coming from windows on the roof  of the studio ­Edison’s and Dickson’s films were about mundane activities Louis & August Lumiere: Industrialists (France) ­On December 28, 1895 they created the cinemetographe, which is considered the birth of cinema ­35mm camera, 16 frames/second, which was adopted as the standard for silent  films, doubles as a projector on a large screen ­the brothers are considered the fathers of realism  American Mutoscope & Biograph Company ­created by Dickson, his own studio independent from Edison ­was in business from 1895­1928 ­was opened the same day that cinemetographe was created (December 28, 1895) ­1896: Biograph projector


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