FOS 2001 Man's Food: Lesson 1
FOS 2001 Man's Food: Lesson 1 Fos 2001
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Sherr on Wednesday January 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Fos 2001 at University of Florida taught by Agata Olga Kowalewska in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 73 views. For similar materials see Man's Food in Nutrition and Food Sciences at University of Florida.
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If Sarah isn't already a tutor, they should be. Haven't had any of this stuff explained to me as clearly as this was. I appreciate the help!
-Anabel Lemke PhD
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Date Created: 01/20/16
What is the name of the health improvement program that the US Surgeon General has asked to be implemented Healthy People 2010 What are the two main goals of Healthy People 2010 1 To help all Americans increase their life expectancy and improve their quality of life 2 To eliminate health disparities among different segments of the population List the three leading causes of death in the United States and the risk factors that are associated with these three ailments 1 Heart diseases 2 Cancers 3 Strokes The risk factors are diet and exercise What percentage of all cancers can be attributed to diet and lifestyle 30 to 40 List the three habits that affect nutrition and health as stated in the US Surgeon General s report on Nutrition and Health 1 Tobacco 2 Diet 3 Alcohol What are the two most important things a person can do to have a long healthy life 1 Good diet 2 Exercise regularly Golden Rice is genetically altered to ultimately produce which nutrient Betacarotene Are genetically modified foods safe Yes What is the difference between qualitative science and quantitative science 0 Qualitative Science Describes which chemicals the body needs for optimal health and wellbeing 0 Quantitative Science Indicates how much of each chemical is needed by the body Define nutrition as it applies to this course The study of nutrition considers which chemicals and how much are needed to support and sustain a healthy body List the six categories of nutrients and group them into macronutrients and micronutrients Macronutrients Carbohydrates fats proteins water 0 Micronutrients Vitamins minerals What is the difference between a macronutrient and a micronutrient o Macronutrients Make up the largest portion of any food stuff by weight Micronutrients Make up a small percentage of our food by weight Define each of the four macronutrients and the two micronutrients Carbohydrates Our body s most efficient source of energyessential component in the production of many structural and functional materials Fats Divided in two categories 0 Saturated Solid at room temperaturefound mostly in animal tissues 0 Unsaturated Liquid and found mostly in plants 0 Proteins Building blocks that make up this nutrient are called amino acids found in all foods derived from animalsplants 0 Water Environment in which cells live 60 of body weight Vitamins Organic compounds that are synthesized for the most part only by plants and bacteria our supply comes from plant foods and our own bowel bacteria 0 Minerals Nutrients come from inorganic matter primarily the earth some are important in our structural material for instance our bones and teeth What are the three functions of nutrients 1 Building blocks for example protein is used for muscle calcium for skeleton etc 2 Energy for the bodycells 3 Maintenanceregulation help maintain homeostasis Define homeostasis The ability or tendency of an organism or a call to maintain internal equilibrium by adjusting its physiobiological processes What function do carbohydrates perform Supply energy for the body What are the functions of minerals Supply building blocks calciumphosphorus for bones and teeth and maintenance zinc iron hemoglobin Nutrients in Food About how many chemicals are required by the body for optimal health and wellbeing Approximately 40 chemicals Define dimension A physical or chemical parameter that can be measured Ex lengthweightvolume What is the most commonly used unit in nutrition o Massweight gram Measure of the quantity of matter that an object contains not dependent on gravity Minimum Daily Requirement is the minimal amount required to prevent what Deficiency What is the better measurement of nutritional status than MDR Recommended dietary Allowance RDA Optimal amount for health and well being What are the two major influences in the development of the RDA 1 1930s1940s Government began to ask questions about nutritional status of citizens 2 World War II National program to ensure health of soldiers Define essential nutrients Nutrients that cannot be made by the body and must be obtained from an outside source ie consuming food most of the 40 required chemicals Who is responsible for the RDA standards Food and Nutrition Board of the National Research Council a part of the National Academy of Sciences What part of the population does the RDA apply to Normal healthy individuals does not apply to people with medical issues What percentage of the population does the RDA cover 975 What two categories does the RDA take into account 0 Age Infant child adult 0 Gender Male female What steps can you take to ensure you meet the RDA values for all the nutrients 0 Eat a variety of food to cover more nutrients Select palatable food RDA strictly recommendation choice to follow or not Adjustments may be made if you face disordersdiseases require special dietary needs consult dietitian What are nutritional values broken down into Serving size and servings per container Calories per serving and calories from fat are also shown What is the daily value usually based on A 2000 calorie per day diet percentages for the macronutrients are again calculated based on reference standards for these nutrients What has become the recent problem with people using Nutrition Labels to keep track of their daily consumption It is based on serving size causes misreadings for carbs salt sugar etc Does the amount of micronutrients change when you adjust your caloric intake No only macronutrients change Give an example of a hedonic food Buttered popcorn MampM s What is a comfort food A comfort food is a food a person eats to obtain a degree of psychological comfort This may be a bowl of soup on a cold day or a pint of ice cream when we are sad List three things a person could do to help prevent an overweight lifestyle 0 Reduce time spent watching and in other sedentary behaviors Build physical activity into regular routines 0 Ensure that the school breakfastlunch programs meet nutrition standards What is BMI and how is it measured include the formula Body mass index is used as a screening tool to identify possible weight problems for adults It is a measure of an adult s weight in relation to height Kgm2 A BMI of 30 indicates what Obesity What is the difference between a Registered Dietician and a Public Health Nutritionist Registered Dietician A person who has completed at least a bachelor s degree at an accredited university in the U 8 has completed an accredited supervised practice program and has passed a national exam administered by the American Dietetic Association 0 Public Health Nutritionist Has an undergraduate degree in nutrition but is not a Registered Dietician What is the difference between enteral nutrition and parenteral nutrition Enteral Nutrition Tube feeding of a specially prepared formula 0 Parenteral Nutrition lnjects nutrients directly into the bloodstream through intravenous feeding
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