Week 1- Before 1877 and The Old West
Week 1- Before 1877 and The Old West 32763
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Asia Caldwell on Wednesday January 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 32763 at East Carolina University taught by Dr. Prokopowicz in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see History 1051 in History at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 01/20/16
Monday, January 11, 2016 Before 1877 10,00050,000 years ago American history began Continents were once connected allowing people to walk across land to get into the American colonies o Eventually North America and South America separated into two separate continents South America: o Spear points – well known weapon in South America and was used to kill larger animals such as armadillos o There were also many vast civilizations 1492 Columbus comes to America o He is looking for gold o Columbian Exchange The cultural and biological exchanges between the New and Old Worlds. Exchanges of plants, animals, diseases and technology New diseases led to a biological holocaust by dropping the population in the Americas by 95% in 100 years o Europe gained crops in exchange 1600s had raves of migrates into the New World o 1620 First Thanksgiving o Africans were also brought against their will The American Revolution (1776) o European Americans vs British o America wins Thomas Jefferson: o Yeoman farmers (who owned their own land, family produced clothing, they bartered), considered independent, believed in political virtue, thinks about what is best for the country, and is against corruption. Alexander Hamilton: o Commercial Republic (communist), believed in a thriving economy, and favored national debt (the total amount of money that a country's government has borrowed) Market Revolution o Louisiana Purchase (a treaty signed with France in 1803 by which the U.S. purchased the land extending from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains) o In 18201830 three inventions were made that affected America greatly Canals Railroads (made it possible to move goods) Steamboats (made it possible to move goods) o Cotton becomes huge with the demand for slavery Cotton is to the 1800s as Oil is to today Civil War (1861) o Lasted four years o North wins o Both sides thought they were fighting for freedom o North: Freedom of Liberty, ex) The chance to be poor or rick o South: Freedom of Independence o It was a costly war financially and lives sacrificed o Effect: Led to the Reconstruction Era (The efforts made in the United States between 1865 and 1877 to restructure the political, legal, and economic systems in the states that had seceded from the Union) Wednesday, January 13, 2016 The Old West The American Revolution o British lose o 1830: Indians leaving southeast ( Trail of Tears) They were moved to Indian territories Americans on the east thought that the west was empty and this land is known as Great American Desert Settlers begin to move western Indians made their living from bison and depended on them greatly Indians also became cowboys and were very successful Indians were not great soldiers, they would rather get close enough to the enemy to touch but not kill o Americans wanted to shoot and kill instead Results of Indian War: o Red Sticks War ended with a treaty Battle of Little Bighorn o This was the last major victory for Indians The New Comers o They came on transcontinental railroads o Many laborers were from the east (emigrants) Railroad companies and the Federal government financed and provided land to build the railroads Three things that caused migration to the west were: o Gold: cause of the Indian Wars o Cattle: cowboys marched cattle on trails to railroads to ship them o Land: Settlers tripled every ten years They also grew wheat o Those who lived in the west had more independence than those who lived in the east.
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