Psychology 110 Week 2 Notes
Psychology 110 Week 2 Notes 21012
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ramsey on Wednesday January 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 21012 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Alexander Khaddouma in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Psychology 110 in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 01/20/16
Psychology 110 Week 2 Notes (Martin Luther King Holiday + Snowday) Thinking Scientifically Foundations of scientific evaluation Ruling out rival hypothesis Differentiating correlation from causation Trying to figure out cause ends up with correlation. Falsifiability We like to be proven wrong Replicability An experiment repeated several times with different variables to test for the same results Parsimony (Occam’s Razor) – Simplest Answer is often the most accurate The Theory The human sneeze arises from localized pressure on the ventral abdominal during increased nasal pressure There would then a development of a hypotheses to research this theory followed by and experiment to find out what causes sneezing. History of Psychology Descartes “Pre-psychology” people did things and thought things just because Until Later psychology was indistinguishable from philosophy William James Interested in how psychological processes were adaptive Influenced by Charles Darwin John Watson Behaviorism being a major school of thought in psychology, arises in 1920’s Based entirely off of learning, arose in America Wilhem Wundt First psychological laboratory Cognitivism Arose as a response to behaviorism Conceptualized mental activity as a form of behavior Sigmund Freud Psychoanalysis, arose in Europe Research Methods Heuristics Mental shortcuts that help us think efficiently and streamline our experiences. “I before E except after C” Representativeness Heuristic Helps us think as representatives of things Judging by superficial similarity to a prototype Availability Heuristic Estimating likelihood of something based on the ease with which it comes to mind Validity Random Selection Procedure that ensures every person in a population has an equal chance of being chosen to participate. External Validity Extent to which we can generalize findings to real world settings Can arise from random selection Internal Validity Event to which we can draw cause and effect influences. Naturalistic Observations.
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