HTH Chapter 2- study Guide
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Faith Stackpole on Wednesday January 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to a course at James Madison University taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 23 views.
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Date Created: 01/20/16
PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH Psychological health includes mental/intellectual, emotional, social, & Intellectual Perceives life in realistic ways, adapt to change, solve problems rationally Social Can listen, express themselves, form healthy attachment Spiritual Physical or personal dimensions of existence Emotional Complex patterns of feelings that we experience on a regular basic Love, hate, anxiety, etc. spiritual dimensions; be familiar with traits and qualities that are associated with each. Be able to describe the significance of Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs theory as it relates to psychological health. What did Maslow call the highest attainable level of his “pyramid” hierarchy? W hat is the value (or potential harm) of defense mechanisms? -you many not face your problems/reality you feel better short term, laugh things of Be able to explain how these factors can influence psychological health – in positive AND negative ways: Positive Negative Family Healthy families models can Dysfunctional families develop cognitive and social -there’s violent, distrust, skills. To solve problems, manage anger, drugs, sexual abuse, stress, develop sense of self- lack of security and trust. worth and purpose Social Rely on friends to help us figure Loneliness, anti-social Support out who we are and what we Not viewing all the opinions. wanna do Communi Watch to keep children and home Not participating ty safe Loneliness Help with home repairs Organize social events Being part of a larger community Self- -Describes a person’s belief Bringing your self down Efficacy about whether they can Don’t believe in yourself successfully engage in and execute a specific behavior Self- One’s realistic sense of self- -worrying about self-image Esteem respect of self-worth not thinking you can do something thinking your not good enough Personalit Unique mix of characteristics that Loneliness Rude to others y distinguishes you from others Always down Maturity/ People who have not competed Being left behind by others Growing early developmental tasks may older find it impacts their life in later stages It’s unrealistic to think individuals can be happy at all times in life, but we can strive for the positive state of subjective well-being. What 3 elements comprise this concept? 1. Satisfaction with present life 2. Relative presence of positive emotions 3. Absence of negative emotions How has society’s view of mental illness changed throughout history? What type of now-outdated or disproven treatments were utilized on patients with mental disorders? -Homosexuality used to be a mental disorder but now its obviously not. How has increased knowledge of brain function aided our understanding and treatment of mental disorders? -CAT Scans, PET scans, MRIs, FMRIs, permit new discoveries in areas of mental disorder and the physiology of the brain. What is the role of the neurotransmitters released by the sympathetic division, and which specific four are most commonly associated with mental health conditions and substance abuse? -Dopamine: Addiction and dependence -Serotonin: Depression What have we learned relatively recently about the growth and development of the brain in teenagers and young adults, and how might that knowledge help us to better understand behavior in that age group? -By age 6, 95% of brain is formed, pre-frontal cortex develops from early to mid 20’s How prevalent are anxiety disorders in the U.S.? -Afection more than 21% of all adults 18-64 -Afecting 25% of ages 13-17 What risk factors may predispose an individual to self-inflicted injury? -people who sufer from mental disorders -experienced sexual, physical, emotional abuse Where does suicide rank in leading causes of death for 15-24 year-old? -15-19 years old is the 3 leading cause -19-24 years old is the 2 ndleading cause Why are men less likely to attempt but more likely to succeed in suicide attempts? -4X more men die by suicide -males are almost twice as likely than females to commit suicide because they have access to fire arms. What is the most recent at-risk population for suicide in this country? -19-24 years olds AKA college students What types of behaviors might lead you to suspect an individual is considering suicide? -History of Depression -Change in personality -Change in sleep patterns -Change in behavior -recent loss and inability to let go of grief How can you help prevent a potential suicide? -Monitoring warning signals, ask directly, take action SPIRITUAL HEALTH Be able to describe several diferent ways in which spirituality can be experienced. -Religion, through relationships, physically like yoga What positive benefits can spiritual wellness provide for physical and psychological health as well as stress management? -Physical: “Mind-Body medicine”- Improve immune function, Cardio vascular function, combo of physiological changes. Spiritual practices, such as yoga, meditation, prayer -Psychological: Spirituality reduces levels of anxiety and depression. Being involved in a spiritual community help members avoid isolation -Stress Management: Increased mindfulness through medication, reduces stress levels. Stress reduction among spiritually healthy people have improved health and longevity.
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