New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Prions, Viruses, Prokaryotes, and Eukaryotes

by: Juliette Demboski

Prions, Viruses, Prokaryotes, and Eukaryotes BIOL1006

Marketplace > The University of Cincinnati > Biology > BIOL1006 > Prions Viruses Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
Juliette Demboski
GPA 3.8

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes from the first half of week 2.
Power of Plagues
Eric Villegas
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Power of Plagues

Popular in Biology

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Juliette Demboski on Wednesday January 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL1006 at The University of Cincinnati taught by Eric Villegas in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Power of Plagues in Biology at The University of Cincinnati.


Reviews for Prions, Viruses, Prokaryotes, and Eukaryotes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/20/16
Prions, Viruses, Prokaryotes, and Eukaryotes Cells – the fundamental units of living organisms (“building blocks”). • Surrounded by a cell surface membrane. • Can reproduce (contains genetic information). • Unicellular – organism made up of only one cell. • Multicellular – organism made up of more than one cell. • Cytoplasm – gel-like matrix that fills the cell (“ground substance”). • Organelles – small “organs” within individual cells. • Nucleus – contains chromosomes where genes and DNA are located. • Mitochondria – the powerhouse of the cell where energy is produced as ATP. • Chloroplast – captures energy from light and converts it into ATP (found in plant cells). • Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) – a system of membranes where proteins are synthesized. • Ribosomes – participate in protein synthesis (some free and associated with the ER). • Golgi apparatus – a system of membranes that gathers simple molecules and combines them to make more complex molecules (completed by adding sugars). • Cell structure: Viruses – attach to living host cells and replicate inside of them to produce more viruses. • Are not living until they attach to a host cell and take it over. o Can’t live or reproduce on their own, must do so through the cell of an organism. • Need an electron microscope to see their structure (smaller than bacteria). • The life cycle of a virus: o Attach – the virus attaches itself to the living host cell and is now alive. o Entry – the virus injects its DNA into the cell for reproduction. o Replication – the injected DNA replicates to produce more viruses. o Biosynthesis – the viral components in the cell are produced and synthesized. § Produces proteins/protein coat, copies of DNA, and RNA. o Assembly – the viral components are assembled in new viruses. o Release – the new viruses leave the host cell (often destroying it) to find other cells where they can replicate themselves as well. Prokaryotes – single-celled organism (unicellular) that lacks a nucleus and organelles. • Surrounded by membranes and a cell wall. • Has some ribosomes, but no mitochondria, ER, or golgi apparatus. • Some have a flagella (tail-like structure) and can swim. • Examples: bacteria, rickettsia, and blue-green algae. • Prokaryotic cell structure: • Types of bacteria: Eukaryotes – have a true (“eu”) nucleus (“karyon”) and organelles. • The nucleus and organelles are surrounded by membranes, and this allows their compounds and functions to be clearly compartmentalized. • The nucleus contains chromosomes, which is where genes and DNA are located.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.