HTH 100- chapter 11- study guide
HTH 100- chapter 11- study guide
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Faith Stackpole on Wednesday January 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to a course at James Madison University taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.
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Date Created: 01/20/16
Chapter 11 Worksheet – Tobacco At least how many known carcinogens are present in cigarette smoke, and what two main substances create the worst health risks? - 69 Carcinogens - nicotine + 7000 other chemicals Explain how weight control and behavioral dependence – in addition to chemical dependence – make it very difficult to quit smoking? -Smoking cubs your appetite -So helps you lose weight -Behavioral Dependence-Nicotine is addictive Be able to recognize at least 4 negative health conditions linked to tobacco use. -CVD -Respiratory disorders -Stroke -Skin Aging -Bad Fertilty What are the health risks for women who smoke during pregnancy? -2x risk of miscarriage -Low birth weight -Ectopic Pregnancies -SIDS -Premature birth -Children with intellectual problems Smokeless tobacco products are not as directly harmful to the lungs as tobacco smoke, but they do place users at much higher risk for what type of cancers? -Oral Cancers -Leukoplakia -Carcinomas Are hookahs safer to use than cigarettes? Why/why not? -No, you sit their longer, still get nicotine According to the Surgeon General, what is the safe level of ETS exposure? -No exposure What age group is particularly vulnerable to the effects of ETS? -Children age 3-11 22 million are exposed to ETS What types of public health initiatives or strategies have been utilized to reduce the harmful effects of tobacco smoking in our communities? - Prosed a new cigarette warning label - Limit access/exposure - Tax tobacco - Smoking bans – airplanes, restaurants, etc. What is the Master Settlement Agreement of 1998, and what changes in tobacco advertising came about because of it? - Requires tobacco companies to pay out more than $206 billion over 25 years. - Includes a variety of measures to support antismoking education and advertising and to fun research to determine effective smoking cessation strategies. What types of tobacco regulatory powers were given to the FDA through The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009? - FDA given regulatory power over production, marketing & sale of products WHO sponsors World No Tobacco Day on May 31 Be familiar with several types of nicotine replacement therapy. - Nicotine chewing gum - Nicotine patch - Nicotine lozenges (nasal spray) - Nicotine inhaler What 2 prescription medications can be used for smoking cessation? - Zyban – (Wellbutrin/buproprion) = antidepressant - Chantix – (Varenicline) blocks nicotine receptors in brain (serious potential side effects!) List 3 “nontraditional” methods of smoking cessation. - E-cigarettes - Self Control Strategies- therapy - Conditioning yourself Be able explain why the FDA felt it necessary to issue a warning about e- cigarettes. - No quality control in the manufacturing of the products - Found variable amounts of nicotine and traces of toxic chemicals - Including known carcinogens
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