POSC 225- Domestic Policy outline
POSC 225- Domestic Policy outline
Popular in Course
Popular in Department
This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Faith Stackpole on Wednesday January 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to a course at James Madison University taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 23 views.
Reviews for POSC 225- Domestic Policy outline
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/20/16
Congress 435 representatives and 100 senators Who gets to be in congress Congressional districts are drawn every ten years following the release of the decennial census Constitution require that each district represented by a single member Each state has two senators Gerrymandering manipulate the boundaries of an electoral constituency so as to favor one party or class Constituents Individuals living in a district represent by an elected of cial lncumbent An official presently serving in of ce If running against an incumbent it could lower your chances of winning Helps to have a high level name recognition an informal measure of how much the public is aware of a candidate or elected of cial based on how widely people are able to identify who are candidate or of cial is You must be at least 25 years old to serve Resident of the state from which you re seeking election An American citizen for 7 years To be a senator you must be 30yrs old and an American citizen for 9 years Pluralismtheory that government responds to individuals through their memberships in groups assuring that government is responsive to a wide range of voices Elitism The theory that government responds to a small stable centralized hierarchy of corporate and academic leaders military chiefs people who own big media outlet and members of a permanent government bureaucracy Usually educated professional white male protestant bastion Substantive representation The ability of a legislator to represent the agenda or interests of a group to which he or she does not personally belong Serving in Congress How it works bicameral legislature A legislature composed of two houses Enumerate powers Powers directly granted to congress by the Constitution power to tax regulate commerce coin money raise a military declare war establish post of ces and roads create a court system quotTo make all laws which shall be necessary an proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers and all other powers vested by this constitutionquot Implied powers The broad constitutional grant of power to congress that allows it to make all the laws that are quotnecessary and properquot to carry out its enumerated functions How the house works standing committees Permanent congressional committees that handle matters related to a speci c legislative topic to deal with ongoing matters like budgetary or military concerns Subcommittees Subunits of standing committees that do the detail work involved in writing legislature 20 standing house committees support 1 subcommittees each with its own chairperson and agenda Rules Committees The Committee of the house that channels legislation to the oor for debate and a vote on passage Select committee A House or senate committee established on a temporary basis to review a speci c matter Discharge petition A House procedure that forces a oor vote on legislation stalled in committee To succeed a discharge petition must be signed by half the house membership How the senate works a lot smaller than the house the senate doesn t channel legislation through a rules committee Filibuster The strategy available to senators to delay or derail legislation by refusing to relinquish their time on the senate oor Standing committee subcommittee and select committee structure is much the same as the house just fewer members joint committee Committees composed of members of the House and Senate that consider matters of interest to both houses Conference Committee Committees made up of members of both houses of congress assemble when the house and Senate pass different versions of the same legislation Serving in the Congress What Congress does Legislative branch congress develops both domestic and foreign policy Congress is more assertive in domestic issues Follows presidential leadership in foreign affairs Making budgets overseeing the actions of the bureaucracy con rming a wide range of presidential appointments removing other of cials from of ce Making Budgets Most complex sensitive and important thing congress does Annual affair that typically takes and entire year to complete Congressional Budget and lmpoundment Control Act of 1974 An act designed to centralize the congressional budgeting process which established current procedures and timetables for writing a budget Action happens in the House and Senate appropriations committees Who are in charged with reporting bills that determine how much money government agencies and programs will have to spend 1 The house and senate budget committees set guidelines and budgetary priorities 2 The appropriations committees are supposed to allocate the money in line with those priorities 3 Approve spending bills to cover the variety of expenditures exceeds the budgetary guidelines 4expenditure are brought into line with the budget targets through a process call reconciliation a procedure in the budgetwriting process whereby appropriations made in a number of congressional committees and subcommittees need to be brought in line with spending targets established early in the process Oversight of the Bureaucracy Congress may pass laws but the bureaucracy is responsible for implementing laws or carrying them out OversightThe process of congressional review on the bureaucracy Con rming Presidential appointments The constitution simply gives the senate the responsibility to offer quotAdvice and consent when the president nominates people to ll vacancies in the bureaucracy and the court system When a presidential nomination is made its is referred to the appropriate senate committee for deliberations if approved to the oor for a nal vote Presidents are most likely to win approval for major cabinet level appointments made as they come into of ce because of the president Recess Appointments The constitutional power granted to the president to make nominations while congress is out of session that do not require senate approval Impeachment The power granted to congress to remove from of ce the president vice president judges and other federal of cials twostep process involving both houses House of Representatives can impeach any federal of cial Requires a majority vote of the houses and is similar to an indictment in court in that it charged the of cial with one or more counts of misconduct Once articles of impeachment re approved a trail is held in the senate Chief justice of the supreme court presiding Each senator casts one vote on each article of impeachment with 23 majority required to remove the of cial from of ce Impeachment doesn t happen very often Complicated process with low likelihood of conviction Only two Bill Clinton and Andrew Johnson Almost Nixon with Watergate scandal but he just resigned Structure of Congress Senate operates on the principle of minority rights Procedures such as those in place in the senate that permit members of the minority party the opportunity to resist legislative actions they oppose House functions on a majoritarian principle Procedures such as those in place in the House that limit the ability of the minority party to in uence the shape of legislation or the direction of the legislative agenda Speaker of the House The leader of the majority party in the House who exercises control over the operation of the a branch through formal and informal means Chosen by a caucus of the majority party then rati ed by a partyline vote of the full house quotMister Speakerquot one of the premier leaders in Washington has both formal and informal powers allows him to advance his priorities and priorities of his party regardless of the wishes of the minority Speaker presides over the House resolves disputes as the arise decides which committees will consider legislation and determines who will serve on conference and select committees Speaker can in uence the rules committee reward members for their loyalty in uence assignments to standing committees and function as the spokesperson for the House in the press Majority leader The 2 leadership position in the House and the 1 leadership position in the senate the oor leader for the majority party responsible for doing the everyday work of the moving the party s legislative agenda through the house Majority whip 3 leadership position in the House and the 2 in the Senate Whip reminds party members of key votes counts heads to determine if the party position is likely to prevail and when necessary leans on members to vote with the leadership Responsible parties Political Parties whose legislative members act in concert taking clear positions on issues and voting as a unit in accordance with their stated positions Minority leader 1 leadership position for the opposition party in the house and senate Minority whip 2 leadership position for the opposition party in the house of and senate Their roles parallel their counterparts in the majority but without the ability to shape the legislative agenda Advocates the policy alternatives of the minority as they look for opportunities to develop alliances with wayward members of the majority in an effort to frustrate the majority party s agenda In the senate there isn t a counterpart to the speaker of the house Constitution makes the vice president of the US the presiding officer of the Senate Where his formal title is president of the senate Ability to cast tiebreaking votes President pro tempore The Senator charged with the honorary duty of presiding over the senate in the absence of the VP He has no formal powers typically nds the the job presiding over the senate to be as dull as the VP does Party Structure Party Caucus The group of all members of a political party in the House or the Senate that meets to discuss and formulate legislative priorities Each party in each house has a caucus conducts leadership elections and nalizes committee assignments at the start of each new Congress and provided a forum for discussion of policy issues and party legislative strategies The Caucus is the place where House Republicans House Democrats Senate Republicans Senate Democrats can articulate their interest or concerns about the positions the party might take An effort to build general agreement for the positions that the leadership will move forward Complementing the relatively informal caucus are party committees that help coordinate the political and policy interest of the parties Because these committees serve partisan purposes rather than institutional purposes they re different and apart from the standing committees and subcommittees Give partisan advice on developing legislative strategy Committee Structure Start of every Congress new members will seek committees on which they want to serve and will typically lobby their leadership to get them Seniority The custom of awarding committee chairs on the basis of length of services Committee Chair The member of congress responsible for running a committee who can have great in uence over the committee agenda and by extension the legislative process Ranking minority member The minority party counterpart to the committee chair but without the power to in uence the direction of the committee Committee chair can have enormous power over the legislative process
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'