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Western Civilization to 1689 Notes

by: Baylee Jacobs

Western Civilization to 1689 Notes HIS 101

Marketplace > Tri-County Technical College > History > HIS 101 > Western Civilization to 1689 Notes
Baylee Jacobs
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About this Document

These notes cover the first week of schools notes. The 1/13-1/15
Western Civilization to 1689
Professor Vogt
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Baylee Jacobs on Wednesday January 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 101 at Tri-County Technical College taught by Professor Vogt in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Western Civilization to 1689 in History at Tri-County Technical College.


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Date Created: 01/20/16
Chapter 1: Preliminary to Western Civilization (section 1 and 2 on the tabs) 01/13/2016 ▯ Why do you think we study history? ▯  History provides us info on how people and sociteies behave  Things that happened 100, 200, 300 years ago still are taking effect today  We are studying the continuum of time  Provides a terrain of moral contemplation o You can make moral decisions based on what happened in the past ▯ History v. Archaeology ▯  History is concerned w the peiod of human development in which writing has existed, although not exclusively limited to this.  Archaeology is more concerned w the study and discovery of artifacts and non-written records. o Artifacts- historical object  Example: tools, arrow head, bones etc.  Western civilization is the evolution of European culture, beginning in the Middle East, that got transferred to other places around the world. o Occidental- Western  Western is primarily European o Oriental- Eastern ▯ ▯ Divisions of Human History  Only have written history for the past 10,000 yrs ▯  Paleolithic (Old Stone): 2.5 million years ago to approximately 12,000 B.C.  Mesolithic (Middle Stone): roughly 12,000-8,000 B.C.  Neolithic (New Stone): 10,000-3,300 B.C.  Copper and Bronze ages ▯ ▯ Early Patterns of Human Culture ▯  1 to 2 million yrs ago, Humans (homo sapiens sapiens) left Africa  Fully modern humans appeared roughly 90,000 yrs ago  From 1 million yrs ago human culture was characterized as “Paleolithic,” or early stone age o Stone Age- bc of lack of metal working, they used stone tools  Hunter-gatherer  Around 10,000 B.CE “Neolithic” settlements developed, characterized by agriculture and settlements o Permanent settlements o Agriculture ▯ More genetic variation inside Africa then outside of Africa  Those who left Africa were in a small group had less to pull from ▯ ▯ The Long Dawning of Prehistory  A Special Species? o Prehistory: roughly, before writing o Homo sapiens sapiens  Mitochondrial Eve, Genetic Adam o Chauvet and Lascaux cave paintings  Contained examples of modern peolithic art  Suggests that they have a high intelligence, creativity, and thinking abstractly  The Domestication of Animals o Dogs, 15,000 yrs ago -first animal to ever be domesticated  By 2500 BCE, pigs, cattle, chickens etc. o Co-evolution: domestication of humans ▯ ▯ 1. Abstract thought vs. Concrete  In the paintings from caves ▯ 2. Europe was populated relatively late because of the Glaciers ▯ 3. Early man was probably more equal in roles ▯ ▯ The Long Dawning of Prehistory  Settling Down and the Birth of Agriculture - From seasonal habitations to permanent settlements o Agriculture came after settlement ▯ ▯ Paleolithic to Neolithic Revolution (12,000 B.C) ▯ - Private property; specialization of sexes and work roles ▯ - The Domestication of Plants  carbohydrate shift in human diet  the Agriculture Revolution of Prehistory ▯ - Einkorn wheat- Earliest type of plant domesticate  Co-evolution ▯ - Passing of Ice Age by 10,000 B.C  Chilly climate slowed development  Stone and wood megaliths ▯ - the Indo-European factor  Proto Indo-European o Herding cultures  Follows the will or role of the father o Horses wheeled carts led to expansion o Stonehenge- 10,000’s of Mesolithic people would gather to practice fertility rituals ▯ ▯


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