Intro to Social Work: Chapter 1 Lecture Notes
Intro to Social Work: Chapter 1 Lecture Notes Sowo 2000
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emilee Tru on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sowo 2000 at Auburn University taught by in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 82 views. For similar materials see Introduction to social work in Social Work at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 01/21/16
Social Welfare: Its Business, History, and Future Lecture Notes The goal of social welfare is to fulfill the social, financial, health, and recreational requirements of all individuals in a society. History of Achievement Social welfare was achieved in a microlevel (keep it in the family) kept within small communities How has out approach to social welfare changed as our society has changed? Changed from a microlevel to a macrolevel, social welfare is no longer within the community in the sense of churches and keeping in the family All professions interlock with social welfare Psychologist Nurses Attorneys Rec therapists Social workers Teachers Physicians Psychiatrists Urban Planner Social welfare encompasses social work. Therefore, almost all social workers are working in the field of social welfare. Social work is the professional activity of helping individual, groups, or communities to enhance or restore their capacity for social functioning and to create societal conditions favorable to their goals. (page 5) Social work practice consists of the professional application of social work values, principles, and techniques to one or more of the following ends: Helping people obtain tangible services Providing counseling and psychotherapy for individuals, families, and groups Helping communities or groups provide or improve social and health services Participating in relevant legislative processes Social welfare interacts with: Family Education Religion Politics Human services vs. social welfare Human services can be defined as systems of services and allied occupations and professions that concentrate on improving or maintaining the physical and mental health and general wellbeing of individuals, groups, or communities in our society Human services is a broader term of social welfare because it includes services such as library services, law enforcement, consumer protections, etc. Two types of social welfare Residual: these are services that come in after a problem is identifies and the problem can’t be addressed through a person’s own means. This is an organized public intervention. i.e. food stamps, Medicaid Institutional: programs are apart of the social structure and are a normal part of society. Entitlement after qualification. Seen as a preventative effort built into the social system. Difficulties are argued to be outside of the individual control. i.e. Social Security, Medicare Social Problem: Teen Pregnancy limits the young woman’s opportunity for education and employment emotional, economic and social stress for bother the young woman and the child Residual Approach o Programs would become available after o WIC Institutional Approach o Programs would become available before o Sex education, schools with daycare Residual Viewed as a safety net Temporary and viewed as negative Stigma attached Help provided only when needs are unmet by the family members Institutional Seen as normal and accepted way of fulfilling social needs No stigmas attached. It’s a preventative Recognizes the need for variety of social services to maintain good standard of living. History: Elizabethan Poor Laws of 1601 The church was the first entity to provide “social work” services Distributed food and money to the needy Churches become overwhelmed so the govt. stepped in Public assistance: 3 categories of relief recipients Poor people who were unemployable Work for those who are not elderly or disabled Apprenticeships for orphaned and dependent children No charity if someone in family could provide any support!!! Late 1800s Settlement House Movement Started in England Macrolevel practices Roots in religion Provides concrete assistance Toby Hall: first in London 1884 Jane Addams: first in the US 1889 (Hull House) Charity Organization Society Early casework and family counseling Private agencies joined together to provide direct services to individuals Focuses on development of knowledge about the individual to address problems in the individual Friendly visitors made home visits to offer wisdom and advice on good moral living practices Services, NOT money SW Timeline: early 1900s Advances made in women’s rights, health care and federal funding Casework became the model based on: o Changing the individual o Specific skills/training required o Influence of psychoanalytic therapy Need for professional training identified 1930s 1/3 of the public was in poverty shift from private to public services public welfare movement grew social work evolved into a profession with theory, skills and training Social Security Act 1935 1940s Era of prosperity and optimism poverty was a small, declining problem Poverty was individual and insular Shift back to predepression era of private, clinical services Personinenvironment concept began to emerge 1944 GI Bill of Rights (college education and purchasing a home for returning veterans) o baby boomer generation (19461956) 1950s strong economic period which often translates to little attention paid to social welfare programs 1952 council on social work education created 1953 cabinet level department of health, education and welfare created – later known as the dept. of health and human services in 1980 1955 NASW created 1960s social reform era linked to political turmoil, civil rights struggle great society era (Headstart, job corps) food stamp act 1964 older Americans act 1965 Medicare 1965 Medicaid 1965 1970s Poverty decreased to 11% Public programs came into being supplemental security income o Older adults, people with disabilities whose income is below poverty standards Private programs decreased First effort at Social Work Licensure 1980s Children in poverty at an alltime high o 1/5 Reagan and Bush administration cut funding for Social Work services BSW degree gained recognition Social Work research gained momentum 1990s 1996 TANF replaced aid to families with dependent children decreased funding from public sources wider gaps in socioeconomic strata Social work credentialing present in all states 2000s respect for the profession insurance mandates in many states o limited number of visits/sessions growth in evidencebased practice o what does research say? o What have we noticed? o What works for colleagues? o Practices that are researched and proven to work growth in community based research o research strengthened by inclusion of those affects Current Research Reports that: Approximately 2/3 of our population will use public assistance benefits at some point in their adult life. In a 2008 study, over a 3 year period, approximately 1/3 of Americans spent at least 2 months living in poverty. The federal poverty level of a double income family of 4 is $18,850 per year. $1,570 per month before taxes. According to the 2010 Census 17.5% of Alabamians live below the federal poverty level. That’s the 10 highest poverty rate in the nation. Alabama is the 6 poorest state.
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