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Historical Overview of Families and Childhood

by: Summer Boone

Historical Overview of Families and Childhood HDFS 2100

Marketplace > University of Georgia > HDFS > HDFS 2100 > Historical Overview of Families and Childhood
Summer Boone
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These are my notes from January 21st. :)
Development within the Family
Dr. Chalandra M. Bryant
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Summer Boone on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 2100 at University of Georgia taught by Dr. Chalandra M. Bryant in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Development within the Family in HDFS at University of Georgia.


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Date Created: 01/21/16
HDFS 1/21/16 Historical Overview of Families and Childhood  Dr. Steven Mintz  PhD at Yale, currently at University of Texas at Austin  “Families always were just the way they are today”  Always been diverse, unstable, often beset by poverty  Never was a golden ste of the “perfect family”  Joshua Johnson: 1 black artist who drew pictures of families and children  Never drew African Americans st  1 to draw families and children more like they actually were  Loving, intimate, child-like  Most portraits done when a family member died (painted holding flowers or whiter than the others in the portrait)  Romanticizing makes us see divorce, domestic violence, and single life as a recent occurrence  1940: U.S already has highest divorce rate in the world  Stereotypes of the “perfect family” weren’t any truer in the past than they are today  Even in the ancient world, families weren’t even a thing  “Traditional family values” in the ancient world were to kill baby girls and use concubines as surrogates  Victorian Era: 5-10% of all girls practiced prostitution  Abortions: women had people jump on their stomachs, fall off high places, take compounds containing lead or sulfur  1940: 2 million husbands had left their wives  1930s: children under 15 earned 20% of family’s income  1/3 of all marriages under slavery were broken by sales  African Americans relied much more than white families on the extended family network, believed much more strongly than white families on gender equality  Families have grown stronger and closer to “traditional families” instead of growing weaker contrary to belief  Higher divorce rates today are because of a higher value of marriage instead of a lower value like most believe  We don’t have lower values, we have just eliminated ways to blow off steam so we take it out on our family  50% of murders today are of other family members  Low divorce rate does not mean high marriage rate  Marriages used to have low divorce rates because it was an economic necessity, not because or happy marriages  Women couldn’t support themselves financially so they didn’t leave  Other ways to escape: wife sale, suicide, murder, wife abandonment  Wife Sell: A man would take his wife to market place and sell her to someone else  Divorce is growing now days but that says nothing about the happiness/unhappiness or marriages  Family stability and happiness of today can’t be compared to families of the past  “Domestic violence is related to men’s desire to uphold their authority. Domestic Violence tends to arise when a man perceives his authority or masculinity threatened. As women receive greater independence, some men restate their authority through violence. Children flaunt authority, have no respect for elders, are growing less childlike, get less support from adults, grow up in a toxic cultural environment, sexual innocence has disappeared, and are no longer sheltered.  4 changes of children from the past  Children work less  Increase in schooling  Growing involvement of young people in a consumer society  More precise, more uniform timing of children’s experiences  **Children are growing more structured, regimented, resilient, and adaptable than everyone assumes  **Increase in parental anxiety: highest this generation than ever (IDS, kidnapping, sex abuse, poison, drugs, teen pregnancy, suicide, obesity, violence) even through children today are better off than they have ever been Answers to worksheet 1. 16% 2. 1992, Houston 3. Golden Age 4. 1750s 5. 1750 6. ¼, 40% th th th 7. 19 , 20 , 19 , sexless (not sexually matured yet, should be viewed equally) 8. 1940 9. Stigmatize 10. Family 11. 12. 150 years ago 13. Colonial, love was a form of insanity/marry for money not love 14. 8 15. 8-10 16. “Traditional family” 17. 1 in 6, 1 in 3 18. 8%, today is 50% 19. An economic necessity 20. All happy families are different but all unhappy families are the same. Unhappy: they fight, cheat, abuse drugs, antagonize and terrorize the other but happy: talkative or silent, catholic or Baptist, stern or easy going, etc.


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