Week 2 Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sufian Notetaker on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1101.0 at University of Georgia taught by Amy Ross in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 126 views. For similar materials see Human Geography in Geography at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 01/21/16
Sufian Hadi Human Geography 1001 Week 2 Notes: st Day 4: January 21 Lecture Key Vocab: 1. Colonialism- the establishment and maintenance of political and legal dominations by a state over a separate and alien society 2. Capitalism- A form of economic and social organization characterized by the profit motive and the control of the means of production, distribution, and the exchange of goods by private ownership. a. 1500’s and onward, capitalism had a big impact. Capitalism can be the reason for the creation of the international division of labor. 3. Conquest rn Lecture: - How Europe colonized the new world? What was the impact on the new world? Also how this process impacted Europe itself? - Portugal: started exploring to find shorter trade routes. Trying to get to Asia as quick as possible. When going over land, you had to give part of your cut everywhere you go through. If you want to pass through other people’s territory they had to “pay”. - World leadership cycles- Portuguese were the advanced thrusts, just like the Spanish. Their power last for years 1450-1750. Then you have the British and the Dutch, as well as some French exploration. 20 century exploration is mainly US. - 1530’s started in the slave trade. Mainly in Brazil - Guns, sugar, slaves trade is peaking most - Dutch: Once Spain and Portugal got together, they went after the treasure in Asia which belonged to the people of Portugal. - British beat the Dutch, and took over the things taken by the Dutch in past time - What to take away? o In less than 2 centuries the European spread all across the world to trade o 1500 to 1600- Europeans were looking for gold and spices, plunder- taking the gold and silver and bring it back home first 200 years is mostly plunder o Slave trade- key illustration of the establishment of global system Everything became integrated in one big economy Shows the huge amount of wealth in this time period The power was in hands of the few, and shows hierarchy This money from the slave trade jumpstarted the industrialization in Europe o Plunder vs other forms of trade: Spanish and Portugal took the money and spent it on parties, maintaining the elite status of the top 1% few, make new friends 1750- with all the extra money, Spanish and Portugal started putting the money in British banks the banks loaned out all this new money now the wealth was spreading to other people in the economy, like merchants merchants started using this money to build factories- leads to industrialization 1800- actual imperialism, rather than just establishing colonies, taking control of resources rather than people
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