Week 2 Notes
Week 2 Notes JAPA 152
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brynna Williams on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JAPA 152 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Megumu Burress in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see Elementary Japanese II in Literature at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 01/21/16
ASKING FOR PERMISSION To ask for permission to do an activity simply conjugate the verb in the te form see te form notes or textbook and add me ii desu ka afterwards eg uchi ni kaette mo ii desu ka quotCan I return homequot or more literally quotIs it okay for me to return homequot GRANTING OR DENYING PERMISSION There are numerous ways to respond when asked a mo ii desu ka question both for af rmative and negative responses To respond af rmatively here are some acceptable responses Example Mado Wo akete m0 ii desu ka May lls it okay for me to open the window Hai douzo Yes please Hai ii desu yo Yes it39s good Hai mado Wo akete m0 ii desu ka Yes you mayit39s okay for you to open the window The response you choose is dependent on the situation and level of complexity with which you wish to respond To respond negatively some acceptable responses are as follows Mado Wo akete m0 ii desu ka May lls it okay for me to open the window Summasen chotto Sorry that39s a little lie ikemasen No you can39tdo not lie mado W0 akete wa ikemasen No you can39tdo not open the window Again your choice of response depends on the situation 1st response is less direct than the other two and the level of effort you are willing to put into responding LINKING TWO VERBS TOGETHER Previously we knew how to link two nouns together with to but we didn t know how to link to different verbs in one sentence However now that we have the te form we can do it Hooray To link two different actions together in one sentence for example quotI will listen to music and read booksquot you conjugate the rst verb in the te form and the second verb in whatever tense the mentioned activities take place For our example that would be the long or masu form so our sentence would be watashi wa ongaku Wo kiite hon Wo yammasu Here are examples of how to conjugate the other tenses using the same example sentence Kinou ongaku Wo kiite hon Wo yomimashita Yesterday I listened to music and read books Ongaku Wo kiite hon Wo yomimashou Let39s listen to music and read books PROVIDING AN EXPLANATION To provide a reason for a situation end the statement explaining the reason with kara as in dakara which means quotthereforequot An example of this is sakana Wo tabemasen Sakana wa oishikunai desu kara I don39t eat sh Because sh is not tasty Here are some other examples Konban hachijikan nemasu Ashta kurasu ga arimasu kara Tonight I will sleep for eight hours Because there is class tomorrow Mado Wo akete wa ikemasen Samui desu kara You can39tdo not open the window Because it is cold
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