Week One Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Grace Gibson on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 4150 at Clemson University taught by Edwin Brainerd in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Systems and Theories in Psychlogy at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 01/21/16
Discrimination in Psychology Education It was hard for people to work as professors at colleges in psychology because of discrimination (women) Sigmund Freud wasn’t let in because he was Jewish people actually met to talk about the “Jewish problem” Some people were worried that psychology could become too Jewish so they needed to get more people involved African Americans were also discriminated against in American education even African Americans who managed to get into graduate school said they felt very alone Robert V. Guthrie was one of the first African Americans to get in psychology graduate school and he talks about his experience in school and as a professor (wrote a book) the American Psychological Association has done very well in trying to break down barriers by forming special interests group and being proactive compared to other professions and disciplines Theories of History Personalistic Theory (the Great Person Theory) says history is a big force that just hates to get up and move o history would just kind of sit there forever like a big lump until you get a powerful force coming along o like Alexander the Great or Bernie Sanders (great people) o they don’t have to be nice guys (Hitler, Ivan the terrible) Naturalistic Theory stresses that zeitgeist o history will change when the times are right and not before o Darwin wrote his book when evolution was in the air o ideas will be suppressed if the time is not right o Galileo was forced to apologize for his heliocentric theory the Naturalistic theory is the more powerful theory if you have a great man with the right zeitgeist, things are going to change very quickly Schools of Psychology a school of psychology was a group of people who had similar views about psychology (structuralism, psychoanalysis, etc…) often the same system has trained people in the same school these beliefs are held very rigidly today we might call this an orientation of psychology or domain of knowledge of psychology schools do research the same way schools often label what you can and can’t do and what methods or research are not acceptable often very defensive of their school of thought it is hard for a school to change their methods or what they believe when schools are young, they are loud and vocal and dislike the school in power young schools are really excited about their field most schools die when they’re young if the young school survives, it goes into the middle ages the middle age is when the school is really powerful and the most prominent school in psychology they slip into what is called normal science they used to be all fired up but now their vigor is sort of lost when schools slide into old age they are passed by young schools fields of science go into the paradigmatic stage when their paradigm is widely accepted but psychology has never gone into this stage History (not in book) many people hold the ancient greeks up as the scientists of their time the ancient Greek scientists were called cosmologists o cosmologists were basically people who studied things around them o they attributed things to natural causes (we need to look for the physical causes behind events) o they saw an elegant, ordered system around them o Thales was a cosmologist who one of the first who said we should look for the natural causes and successfully predicted a solar eclipse o their methodology was basically observation and inductive method o Hippocrates understood that illnesses had a cause (it wasn’t just that the gods were punishing you) o Aristotle wrote the book De Anima which has a table of contents really similar to a psychology book we would study today after a lot of these great thinkers, Greece slowly slipped into a decline (their knowledge was used by other people rather than being lost) the knowledge and scholarship of Greece generally began to shift Rome took a lot of Greece’s knowledge Rome wanted physics, astronomy, architecture, etc… (useful stuff) they weren’t very interested in philosophy or human behavior Christianity also comes into play and is persecuted in Rome but suddenly Christianity is made the state religion of Rome by Constantine so christianity has a great effect on science St. Augustine wrote a major work called Confessions and he believed in a very close, born-again relationship with God o he throws a wrench into science and learning with his view of
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