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Social Psychology Notes Week 2

by: Christina Hancock

Social Psychology Notes Week 2 EBIO 1220

Marketplace > University of Colorado at Boulder > Science > EBIO 1220 > Social Psychology Notes Week 2
Christina Hancock

GPA 3.0

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About this Document

These notes cover Social Psychology week 2. This covers Self Concept and Self- Esteem: Positive or Negative Evaluation of Oneself.
General Biology 2
Dr. Carol Kearns
Class Notes
social psychology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Christina Hancock on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EBIO 1220 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Dr. Carol Kearns in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see General Biology 2 in Science at University of Colorado at Boulder.


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Date Created: 01/21/16
Thursday, January 21, 2016 Social Psychology Week 2 Self Concept • Subjective rather than objective (does NOT = personality) • Controlled and Automatic components What you think of your-self. • There are many components to the self-concept; those active at a particular time an place = “working self-concept” - Physical - Social - Psychological Types of Self: • Individual Self- beliefs about person characteristics, especially that differentiate one from other individuals Relations Self- Beliefs about the self in specific relationships. • • Collective Self- Beliefs about the self as a member of various social groups. The Self is both Malleable and Stable: Malleable (working self-concept) • Schools vs. work vs. home • Family vs. friends vs. strangers Stable • Core aspects of self are stable (personality) • Overall “pool” of knowledge is stable • Shifts in self-concepts are predictable Influences on the Self- Concept: • Individualistic/independent: Self is separate from other , stable (abstract) and directive of others. Collectivistic/interdependence: Other people are part of the self; it is fluid, responding to • situational and relational demand. Reflected Self- Appraisal- What i think that others think about me. - One of the ways that stereotypes about social groups become part of the self-concept (eg. gender, race, age) 1 Thursday, January 21, 2016 Social Comparison Theory: (Festinger, 1954) People compare themselves to other people in order to obtain information on their abilities and internal states. Social Comparison: Upward Comparison: comparing to people who are better. Downward Comparison: Comparing to people who are worse. ***Process can be deliberate or automatic. Ex. In a race; looking back on the people that are slower is a downward comparison vs. looking forward to people who are faster is an upward comparison. —————————————————————————————————————————— Self- Esteem: Positive or Negative Evaluation of Oneself Self- Enhancement Motive: •We have a basic need to perceive ourselves positively (just like we need to eat, sleep to live life to the fullest we need to stay positive) •This leads us to view the world in a manner that reinforces a positive self-concept (high self-esteem) Self- Enhancement Motive = Self - Presentation How we show ourselves to the world is linked to the way we want to look “our best.” Motive to Self-enhance = Self- Serving Cognitions Unrealistic Optimism- The thought that good things will happen to us and bad things will not ex. When asked what kind of driver you are, most people will say yes to being above average. Illusion of Control: The belief that we have more control than is actually the case. ex. Some people try to pick their own lottery numbers thinking that will lead to more success…..Let the machine pick them for you, your chances of winning are better. Self- Serving Attributions: Believing that good outcomes are due to one’s own effort or ability, but bad outcomes are due to external factors. ex. When you get a good grade on an exam you tell yourself its because of your hard work but when you get a bad grade on an exam, you tell yourself the exam was “unfair” 2 Thursday, January 21, 2016 Self- Serving Memory: Having “better” memory for information that reflects yourself as positive. ex. People tend to hype up events that happened in the past to make themselves look better. Downward Social Comparison: Comparing oneself with others who are worse off. This give you motivation and make things seem not too bad. ex. In a race, looking back on the people behind you would be making a downward comparison. You are faster than all those people. Upward Social Comparison: Comparison oneself with other who are better than you. This can give you motivation to be better or make things harder to continue due to feeling worse than everyone ahead of you. ex. In a race, looking ahead at all the people in front of you and feeling slower would be making an upward comparison. 3


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