Survey of American History 1903
Survey of American History 1903 1903
Arkansas Tech University
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Wisenbaker on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1903 at Arkansas Tech University taught by Dr. Pearson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see Survey of American History in History at Arkansas Tech University.
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Date Created: 01/21/16
History 1903 Dr. Jeffrey Pearson Lecture 1 American history began with the Native Americans with their oral history. The problem with this is that the story could have been different and exaggerated. There were humans here in America as far back as twentyfive thousand years ago. Europe was coming out of the dark ages. The Pope had asked the Christians to invade the Middle East and take back the Holy Land. This was known as the Crusades. During this time the Christians began to eat the local food. The people in Europe had never tasted spices. When the Muslims defeated the Christians, the Christians retreated back to Europe. This created a demand for Asian spices. The problem was that it was a long way over land to get the spices. This was the birth of the spice trade. Spices were very expensive more so then the common person could afford, because they had to go through so many people. In 1418, a Portugal prince named Prince Henry the Navigator, want to tap into the spice trade to import a greater quantity of spices for a cheaper price. He wanted to develop a water trade route to cut out the middle man. He opened up a Maritime Academy to try to figure out ways to improve navigation on the open waters of the ocean. They experimented with ship design, sail design, navigation equipment (Magnetic Coumpus) , astrolabe and staff (lets the sailors figure out where they are in the middle of the ocean). In 1488, Portugal had set sail to India, where they set up the first trade route. This also started trade with Africa. Christopher Columbus was born in the mid 1400’s in Genute, Italy. He was an apprentice to a sailor, so he grew up sailing. He was a renaissance man. He was a master navigator, spoke many languages, reader, studied Aristotle (Math), and studied Marco Polo. Marco Polo’s family had traveled as far east as China, when he returned back to Italy he brought back riches that Khan had given him. Columbus wanted to find another way to china without following Portugal’s trade route but going in a circle around the world. He believed that China was directly across the sea from Europe. In that time, everything from India to China was known as the Indies. Christopher went to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabelle to ask them to fund his trip. He promised that if they funded the trip that he would bring the Catholic Faith to the Indies. In September of 1492 he set sail.
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