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Women's Studies 200, Week 1 Notes

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by: Caroline Crews

Women's Studies 200, Week 1 Notes WS 200

Caroline Crews
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These notes are from the first full week of class.
Intro To Women Studies
Ana Schuber
Class Notes




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Crews on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to WS 200 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Ana Schuber in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Intro To Women Studies in Women and Gender studies at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 01/21/16
Themes  What is a movement? Women’s place in various cultures  History of feminist movement  Definitions  Person of interest  Other marginal issue Women discrimination in history  Paul Revere o Founding fathers, very famous o Sybil Ludington, 16 yrs.  40 mile ride, went longer than Revere, picked up more men o Revere only remembered more because he had a penis  Catherin Littlefield Greene o Actually created the cotton gin because women couldn’t got a paten because she was a women  Cecilia Payne –Gaposchkin o Discovered what the universe is made of o She is not recognized because when she made the discovery, no one believed her; didn’t get any support from the scientific community  Ada Lovelace o Considered to write the first computer programming  Hedy Lamarr o Only known as an actress, not as a scientist Is pregnancy important in America?  Reproducing rates slowing decreasing  How to we feel about women? o Not wanted in business  How do we feel about the birth of a child? o It should be celebrated event but there isn’t any help o O weeks of maternity leave o Stay-at-home moms aren’t valued; not paid o Alabama has the highest mortality rate because we don’t value childbirth  Pre-natal care not accessible for many regions in the state Why a women’s studies course?  All other courses revolve around men  Dominance in Culture o Men control society o 1% of the tilted land is owned by women o 70% of the population living in poverty are women and children o 21% of world’s managers are women o 67% of all illiterate adults are female Definitions  Clinical o Sex: either male or female division of a species, reference to reproductive organs o Intersex: ambiguous outer genitalia o Hermaphrodite: contains both male and female reproductive organs  Cultural o Gender: male/female, the behavioral, cultural or psychological traits typically associated with one sex, generally decided visually at birth o Feminine, masculine o Man, women Masculine and Feminine Traits  Extremely stereotypical, created by the media and culture The True Believer Feminism  A collection of movements and ideologies aimed at defining Eric Hoffer: point of view  First book published in 1951  Born in New York, 1905, working class Mass Movements  We vs. them  Religious mass movements o Judaism o Christianity o Islam  Political o Nazism/Islamic o Feminist/Civil Rights/Anti-war o Anti-gay o Etc.  Growth of a Mass Movements o Christianity  Jesus was Jewish  Many groups  Rebellion  Paul spread the word by traveling and building churches  Constantine  Roman emperor who converted Rome into Christianity  Other movements o French Revolution  Similar to our 1% issues today o American Civil War  States’ rights  Slavery “There is in us a tendency to locate the shaping forces of our existence outside ourselves” pg. 6  We base ourselves on what we are not  Most people aren’t extremist For change to happen:  Must: o Be discontented – but not destitute o Have a potent doctrine or leader  Doctrine: set of ideals/beliefs o Assume that the future will be exciting o Ignore difficulties or failures that may happen o Be competitive o Are interchangeable Interchangeability of Mass Movements  Each movement tends to think of themselves as unique; in reality, they are not o 1 wave of feminism moved to join the Abolitionist movement o Civil Rights/Women’s Rights/Anti-War of 1960s  All came together and supported each other Stopping a Movement  “…often a matter of substituting one movement for another.”  Christianity for Paganism o Easter, Spring Equinox o Trading one tradition so that the new religion was easy to convert to Myths we tell ourselves about our movements  American Family? o In our minds the Traditional American Family consists of 2.5 kids, both parents, and a dog; yet, that has never been a thing o The Puritan:  Average marriage: 12 years  One room house  Men in charge; women usually died in childbirth  No laws to protect women and children o Pioneer American Family  Average number of marriage for men: 2  So many marriages for men because the women kept dying in childbirth  No education, no healthcare,  Sod home  Danger  Native American, wild animals o Immigrant American Family  Lived in Tenement Houses  Children worked: in 1900, 25,000 in coal mines  Women worked for the upper middle class  No education, no healthcare, no birth control o African American Family late 1800s  No marriage allowed (against the law)  No education or property  Worked to death  No free movement o Depression Family  Marriages and birth rate great decreased  Men out of work so the women had to work  Ride of alcoholism  1.5 million women abandoned by husbands o World War II American Family  Men at war, women went to work  The one time in history that the government actually wanted women to work, even set up decent childcare  Death rate of husband/father/brother  Divorce rate rises because the husbands wanted to party in Europe  20 million on the verge of poverty  Shortages in health care, education, and child care o American Family in 1950s  Father went to work in town  Mather stayed at home and became the transporter for the children  Suburbs grew  Television families were huge o Blended Families  7.8 billion children lived with at least one grandparent, a 64% increase since 1991 o Family in 2000s  Single parent family:  Gay Families “There is a tendency to judge a race, nation, or any distinct group by its least worthy member.”  Civil Rights Movements o Black Panthers  Gay Rights Movement o Rocky Horror Picture Show


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