Bio 101 Week 1 and 2 Notes
Bio 101 Week 1 and 2 Notes Biology 101
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jenna Zagrodniczek on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Biology 101 at West Virginia University taught by Sydha Salihu (P) in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see General Biology in Biology at West Virginia University.
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Date Created: 01/21/16
1/13/16 212 Historical Philosophers -Plato- emphasized self-control and discipline, believed that children are born with innate knowledge -Aristotle- Child rearing fits the child, knowledge comes from experience -John Locke – Tabular rasa (born with clean slate), discipline then freedom -Jean Jacque Rousseau – Maximum freedom from the beginning Social Reform Movements 19 century, research was conducted for the benefit of children and provided some of the earliest descriptions of the adverse effects that harsh environments can have on child development. Child development emerged as a formal field of inquiry in the late 19 th and 20 centuries. -Sigmund Freud and John Watson formulated influential theories of development during this period. -Freud: psychoanalytic theory- biology causes behavior -Watson: Behaviorist theory- environment causes behavior Theme 1: Nature and Nurture Nature/Genome: our biological endowment, especially the genes we receive from our parents. Nurture: environments, both physical and social, that influences our development Theme 2: The Active Child Children contribute to their own development from early in life, and their contributions increase as they grow older. 3 of the most important contributions during children’s frist years are their attentional patterns (smiling and engaging so people pay attention to them), use of language, and play Older children and adolescents choose many environments, friends, and activities for themselves. Theme 3: Continuity/Discontinuity Pine tree- developmental continuity Butterfly: development stages (discontinuous)
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