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Week 1 January 21

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by: Isabelle Anonas

Week 1 January 21 SPMT 320 002

Isabelle Anonas
GPA 3.006

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About this Document

This is everything that was gone over in class on January 21
Psychology of Sport
Jordan Goffena
Class Notes
Sport, Psychology, SPMT320, Goffena, notes, class, sports
25 ?




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"I had to miss class because of a doctors appointment and these notes were a LIFESAVER"
Gertrude Marquardt

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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Isabelle Anonas on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPMT 320 002 at George Mason University taught by Jordan Goffena in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Sport in Psychlogy at George Mason University.

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I had to miss class because of a doctors appointment and these notes were a LIFESAVER

-Gertrude Marquardt


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Date Created: 01/21/16
SPMT320 21 January In Class Intro to Inspirational Ad Assignment Individuals must provide video or pictures that inspired them and explain why. What is Sport Psychology? Sports: an activity involving physical exertion and skill in which an individual or team competes against another or others for entertainment. Psychology: the scientific study of the human mind and its functions, especially those affecting behavior in a given context. Simple terms- Study of behavior in sport -DISCUSSION: How we have all personally thought that psychology has played a role in our experience: it’s a very emotional experience, communication among teammates can vary depending on how well each other knows one another and it can affect how others perform if there is a negative vibe (perception), team and indivual sports are differ, focus, mindset, discipline, values, sacrifices, coachability, self-control, self-regulation- Sport and Exercise Psychology (SEP): the scientific study of people and their behaviors in sport and exercise activities and the practical application of that knowledge. They study motivation, violence, leadership, group dynamics, exercise and psychological well-being, thoughts and feelings of athletes, and many other dimensions of participation in sport and physical activity. 2 Objectives: 1. Understand the effects of psychological factors on physical and motor performance. 2. Understand the effects of participation in physical activity on psychological development, health, and well-being. Questions: Is the athlete learning? Is it effecting their performance?  Focus on performance and participation  Focus on more youth sports to understand o how and why they participate o why are they more aware o why are they more motivated o why do they continue to participate 2 Goals: 1. (Sports)To learn to consistently create the ideal mental climate that enables athletes to perform at their best 2. (Exercise) To use interventions to enhance physical and mental health by increasing exercise participation  Do little things to help you achieve goals because you won’t always perform at your best Ultimate Goal: Provide mental skills training  All SEP study and help athletes self-regulate o Stigma with the word “psychology” o Athlete may assume something is wrong with them o May be defensive and say they don’t need help Applied Sports Psychology Questions: How am I performing? How do I feel in this environment? SEP Pedagogy: Science: coaching, teaching, or leadership focuses on using general science principles Art: coaching, teaching, or leadership knowing when and how to individualize these general principles SEP Teaching and Consulting Research: Inquiry aimed at advancing knowledge and sharing it through professional meetings and journal Consulting Teaching articles Teaching: Teaching university courses in either psychology or exercise and sport science Research Consulting: Working with athletes of all ages and abilities in the fitness industry and in sports medicine and physical therapy Clinical Sport Psychologist • are licensed psychologists • are trained to work with people with severe emotional disorders • are trained to help athletes with problems such as eating disorders and substance abuse  To be able to call oneself a psychologist, must have a doctorate degree in psychology (protected by APA), exception of clinical sport psychologists Educational Sport Psychology Specialist • use mental coach approach—understand psychology of human movement. • have training in physical education, kinesiology, or exercise and sport science. • educate and increase athletes’ and coaches’ awareness of issues such as anxiety management and confidence development Physiologists: Norman Triplett • Studied cyclists and had some perform alone and others with an audience  Theory of Dynamogenesis  The production of force, especially of muscular or nervous energy.  Precursor to Social Facilitation Theory • People perform dfferently in front of others and when they are alone Noakes & Gibson  1. Energy injection to muscle = no increases in performance  2. Two groups: one with energy drink and one with fake drink. • Only one group benefits from swoosh… • Central Governor Theory • Brain will override actual physical ability Basic: scientific method, systematic observation, single case study Applied: shared (public) experience, introspection, intuition Goals of science derives from: [describing, explaining], predicting, and controlling Realities of SEP 1. More people are interested in acquiring training in psychological skills and applied work. 2. There is greater emphasis on counseling and clinical training for sport and exercise psychologists. 3. Ethics and competence issues are receiving greater emphasis. 4. Specialization and new subspecialties are developing. 5. Tension continues to exist between practitioners of academic and applied sport psychology. 6. Qualitative research methods are receiving more attention. 7. Applied sport psychologists have more work opportunities than ever but only limited chances for full-time positions. 8. Sport psychology is gaining increased acceptance and recognition of its usefulness. 9. The positive psychology movement in general psychology helps sport and exercise psychology expand into new areas such as business, music, and the performing arts. 10. Embracing the globalization of sport and exercise psychology is paramount for contemporary students of the field and will increase in years to come. -DISCUSSION: Scientific experiment: causeation, can be proven with x and y variables, more controlled Prior to the 1970s, inside of the box research (just in lab research) because it would be how you would become well-known in research world Rainer Martens played major role in contemporary psychology with “About Smocks and Jocks”


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