Anthropology Notes January 19th and 21st
Anthropology Notes January 19th and 21st 2597
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melissa Metzgar on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2597 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Professor Ehrensal in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 220 views. For similar materials see Intro to Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 01/21/16
Anthropology: -anthropos→ greek for human -ology→ any science or branch of knowledge **The science/study of humans What is anthropology? ➔ study of humans as: ◆ human populations ◆ biological entities ◆ cultural beings The Scope of Anthropology ➔ anthropology is holistic ◆ culture and biology ◆ past and present Modern humans ➔ Homo sapien sapiens emerge about 180,000 years ago ➔ Begin to spread around the world about 90,000 years ago ➔ Live solely by hunting and gathering until 10,000-12,000 years ago ◆ cultivation and later animal domestication occur ➔ Industrial Revolution begins about 1750 (250+ years ago) The Subdisciplines of Anthropology ➔ Biological/Physical Anthropology: primate and human evolution ➔ Archeology ➔ Linguistic Anthropology ➔ Cultural Anthropology History of Anthropology ➔ After 1450 is Europe’s encounter with “the other” ◆ Reports from explorers, conquerors and missionaries that people’s lifestyles and technology were radically different from the circum-mediterranean ➔ Evolutionism ◆ The idea of evolution of social and technological stages of society pre-date the idea of evolutionism in natural history (Darwin) ➔ Origins in European Social Thought: ◆ Europe’s expansion into the world after 1450 ◆ Archeological exploration of Europe in the 18th and early 19th centuries ➔ Lewis Henry Morgan and Ancient Society (1877)
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