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Cultural Anthropology Week 1 Notes

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by: Mikaela Faust

Cultural Anthropology Week 1 Notes Anthropology 2010-003

Mikaela Faust
GPA 3.5
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About this Document

Since we only met once this week, these are the notes from lecture on January 21st. In the notes, I also included some definitions and key points from the textbook as well.
Cultural Anthropology
Dr. Ida Fadzillah Leggett
Class Notes
Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology




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"Same time next week teach? Can't wait for next weeks notes!"
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mikaela Faust on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Anthropology 2010-003 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Dr. Ida Fadzillah Leggett in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Middle Tennessee State University.

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Date Created: 01/21/16
January 21st 2016 Anthropology: The Study of People What is anthropology, and how is it relevant?   ANTHROPOLOGY: The study of human beings, their biology, their pre­ history and histories, and their changing languages, cultures, and social  institutions.  o Began in the 1800s as a discipline  Enlightenment  Industrialization Lead to the   Evolutionary Theory development of   Colonialism (Peak)  anthropology o Eventually morphed into four subfields:  1. ARCHAEOLOGY: The study of past cultures by  excavating sites where people lived, worked, farmed,  etc.  o Artifacts (tools, arrowheads) o Features (foundations, fireplaces) o Ecofacts (bones, seeds, wood)  Prehistoric  Historic o Two major things that concern archaeology:   Understanding the transition from hunter­ gatherer culture to agriculture  Understanding the rise of cities and  states, as well as other complex social  organizations involving politics,  economics, etc.  2. BIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY: The study of biological aspects of the human species, past and present, along  with those of our closest relatives, the nonhuman  primates.   o Past and present o Humans and apes  Paleoanthropology – emergence of humans – fossil records – forensic anthropology  Primatology  Paul Gerber & chimpanzees  (standing upright in savannahs)  Jill Pruetz & chimpanzees (tool­ making skills help explain  [Type here] environmental adaptation of  humans) 3. LINGUISTIC ANTHROPOLOGY: The study of how  people communicate with one another through  language and how language use shapes group  membership and identity.  o Concept commonly credited to Edward Burnett  Tylor in the 1870s.  4. CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY: The study of living  communities o May have many layers of truths o Mostly concerned with qualitative data (data  that describes as opposed to defines)   ETHNOGRAPHIC METHOD: A research  strategy producing an in­depth and  detailed description of social activities and beliefs.  COMPARATIVE METHOD: A research  method that derives insights from careful  comparisons of aspects of two or more  cultures or societies.   Other areas of specialization:  o Urban anthropology o Medical anthropology  CULTURAL RELATIVISM: The moral and intellectual principle that one  should withhold judgment about seemingly strange or exotic beliefs and  practices.   ETHNOCENTRISM: The assumption that one’s own way of doing things  is correct, while dismissing other people’s practices or views as wrong or  ignorant.   HOLISM: Efforts to synthesize distinct approaches and findings into a  single, comprehensive interpretation.  o Anthropology is holistic because it combines many different types  of studies, from history to forensics to language.  o Franz Boas is considered to be the “Founder of American  Anthropology” 


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