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Philosophy 014 | First lecture | (What is love) | 1/11/16

by: Gabriella Morales

Philosophy 014 | First lecture | (What is love) | 1/11/16 PHIL 014

Marketplace > Pennsylvania State University > PHIL-Philosophy > PHIL 014 > Philosophy 014 First lecture What is love 1 11 16
Gabriella Morales
Penn State
GPA 3.3

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About this Document

Notes from the first lecture
Basic Problems of Love and Sex
Edward O'Bryn
Class Notes
philosophy, Philosophy014, PHIL014, LoveandSex, PSU, PennState, PennStateUniversity
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gabriella Morales on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 014 at Pennsylvania State University taught by Edward O'Bryn in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Basic Problems of Love and Sex in PHIL-Philosophy at Pennsylvania State University.

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Date Created: 01/21/16
First Lecture 1/11/16 - What is Love ? - Love is the only satisfactory answer to the problem of human existence.  This love is a compound of maturity, self- knowledge, and courage.  To develop this type of love we must meet these demands: 1 We need practice and concentration. 2 We need genuine insight and understanding Topic 2 – Three Faulty Premises Q 2: What is the basis for the attitude that denies the need to learn about love? Fromm names three premises that are used either singularly or in combination Premise 1: Love is being loved, and not the capacity to love.  Sets up the problem of love as “how to be loved, how to be lovable.”  He argues “what most people in our culture mean by being lovable is essentially a mixture between being popular and having sex appeal.” Premise 2: Love is the problem of an object, not the problem of a faculty.  This view says love is simple, but finding the right object to love or to be loved by is hard!  Love was not associated with personal experience in previous cultures, but rather was something that followed after the contract of marriage. A contract often created for legal or familial purposes.  In contemporary culture the personal search for love has “enhanced the importance of the object against the importance of the function.”  If “Our whole culture is based on the appetite for buying, on the idea of a mutually favorable exchange.”  Then when it comes to love “attractive” partners fill our appetites by being the proper object for our affection.  Turns love into a market equation: For two people to fall in love they have A. found the best object available on the market, and B. considered the limitations of their own exchange value. Premise 3: There is nothing to be learned about love. There is no difference between “falling” in love, and “standing” in love.  Love is great because it helps to break down the wall of being strangers with others!  “Falling” in love: mistaking the intensity of infatuation -being 'crazy' for each other- as proof of the intensity of your love  Inspires the attitude that “nothing is easier than to love”, in spite of contrary evidence! Topic 3 – Learning How to Love ( 4 parts ) In light of these mistaken premises, what should we do?  We must “examine the reasons for (love's) failure, and proceed to study the meaning of love.” o Part 1: Become aware that LOVE is an ART, just as living is an art. o Love must be approached the same way we approach other arts. Ex. Music, Painting, Carpentry, Medicine, Engineering What are the necessary steps in learning any art? Part 2: The mastery of the theory Part 3: The mastery of the practice Part 4: Cultivation of responses & intuition Ex. Doctor! Ex. Has to learn about the human body, diseases, methods of care, etc. Ex. A beginning doctor must practice to be able to become qualified. Ex. The best doctors blend their theory and practice to perform and adapt their trade. What Fromm raises at the end is a good place for discussion. He argues that despite our craving for love, we don't crave any sort of devotion to developing this art. We privilege success, prestige, money, and power over love! So here is the challenge he is raising for us to consider: 1 Is a love, “which 'only' profits the soul, but is pointless on the modern sense,” a luxury that we have no right to spend much energy on? 2 Could it really be the case that only things like success, prestige, money, power, and the ways to secure them are the only things worth of being learned?


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