COMS 1010 Weeks 1-2 Notes
COMS 1010 Weeks 1-2 Notes COMS 1010
Popular in Fundamentals of Human Communication
Popular in Communication Studies
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Szafarski on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to COMS 1010 at Ohio University taught by Daniel West in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Fundamentals of Human Communication in Communication Studies at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 01/21/16
COMS 1010 Communication is… - a process (due to the fact that we are constantly communicating) - where participants create meaning with symbols and behavior - sending and receiving messages - within a social and cultural context Communication Models - Communication as Action Early 1900s EX) Ads in newspapers are one way - Communication as Transactions Bell Labs telegraphs and telephones created which leads to the sending and waiting - Communication as Interaction Communication going back and forth like a telephone Transaction Model - Context: which is like the situation EX) You’re in the car on a blind date (setting and situation) - People: Typically, two or more where one is the receiver and one is the source EX) two people on the blind date named Anthony and Jacqueline - Message: message starts as and idea in the head and sends off to receiver Encode Decode - Encoding and Decoding Code o Verbal/Nonverbal Channel Feedback Noise - Communication Context Intrapersonal Interpersonal o Dyadic (2 People) o Mass (news, author sends many messages) o Small Group (more than 2) o Public (one person, many listening) o Computer Mediated (tweet, media) - Communication Process, never stops Irreversible; can’t be changed Shared responsibility; imbalance, assuming Occurs in context Occurs w/ in cultures Chapter 2 Perceptions aren’t always accurate - People make judgments and can stick w/ those Communication is… - …everywhere and often taken for granted - We always communicating Technology Family Friends Work - Communication is complex Study Communications… - …improve the way you see yourself - …can improve the way others see you - …can increase what you know about human relationships - …can teach you important life Chapter 4 Information Reception - Perception is… …process of becoming aware of objects and events from the senses Active Perception o Choose to start to pay attention to things Ex) Bathroom look for one o Seek out info you need Subjective Perception o Background; paying attention to something more than others Ex) mad at roomie, chewing gum, notice more than others - Perceptions differ b/c… … physiological factors Past Roles and Experiences o Perceptual constancy: memory so strong that you don’t do it o Role: role you play changes perception Culture and Co-Culture o Being exposed to culture we grow up w/ effects us Present feelings and circumstances - Selection 4 Ways We Select Info 1. Selective Exposure Decide what we pay attention to Ex) go to book store and go to few section 2. Selective Attention Out of all info coming @ you, you choose what to pay attention to Ex) if fire alarm went off choose to pay attention to that rather than teacher 3. Selective Perception Perceive ways/messages the way you want to Ex) interested in same one so preserve them positively 4. Selective Retention Keep in memory things closest to us; remember what you want Perception - Selection - Organization - Interceptions Organization - Figure (focal point) and ground (background) - Proximity 2182 3852 25 218-238-5225 objects near each other tend to be grouped together - Similarity Attribution - … the assignment of meaning to people’s behaviors - Fundamental Attribution Error You screwed up so test was at fault - Self-Service Bias Ace second test, credit yourself Hearing and Listening - Hearing: the act of receiving sounds - Listening: active process of receiving, construction meaning from, and responding to spoken and/or nonverbal messages It involves the ability to retain info, as well as react empathically and/or appreciatively to spoken/nonverbal messages Break It Down - We spend a certain percentage of time on certain things Listening 51% Reading 8% Speaking 20% Writing 6% TV Series 29% Active Listening - Is involved listening with a purpose - Includes: Listening carefully by using all available senses Paraphrasing what we hear both mentally/verbally Checking your understanding to ensure accuracy Providing feedback Attention - Selective attention: focus we give to stimuli we deem important - Automatic attention: instinctive we focus to give To stimuli a change in surround What we deem important To perceive to signal danger Memory - Working memory Interpreting and assigning meaning Looks for connection and patterns First stage of “think about something” - Short-term Memory Temporary storage Not big= 7+/-2 20 Seconds Break in concentration= POOF, its gone - Long term Memory Permanent Storage May use “schema” =filing system in brain Car driving “schema” Church “schema” Usually triggered by connection from “working memory” 4 Types of Listening - Active: involved with a purpose - Empathic: understanding - Critical: evaluate message for accuracy, meaningful and utility - NEED A FOURTH Barriers to Listening - Noise Physical, mental, factual, semantics distractions - Perception Status, stereotypes, sights and sounds - Yourself Bias, superiority, pseudo listening
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