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SOC 128 Lecture week 3

by: Freddie816

SOC 128 Lecture week 3 SOC 128

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Lecture on the Ifaluk
Sociology of Emotions
Class Notes
sociology of emotions, sociology




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Freddie816 on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 128 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by anderson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 91 views. For similar materials see Sociology of Emotions in Sociology at University of California - Los Angeles.


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Date Created: 01/21/16
● cultural theory of emotion  ○ Emotions are learned behaviours throug​ulture  ○ 3 kinds of emotion  ■ basic  ● Dill and Evans­ we are all human and we all feel these basic  emotions, maybe to different degrees in different cultures but they  are nevertheless felt   ■ culturally specific  ■ higher cognitive emotions   ○ 6 core emotions that are universally felt according to Ekman  ■ joy  ■ distress  ■ anger  ■ fear  ■ surprise  ■ disgust  ○ higher cognitive   ■ these emotions, unlike the basic emotions  ● love   ● guilt  ● shame   ● jealousy  ● embarrassment  ● pride   ● envy  ■ are not sautomatic and fast such as the basic emotions. For example,  love is an emotion that builds overtime and is not universal to a degree.  What this means, is that love is felt by everyone around the world but in  different ways depending on your cult­love culturally variable   ● Furthermore, there is no universal facial expressions for these  emotions   ● involve a lot more brain processing than the basic emotions  ● since more cognitive involvement is required, they can be easily  coopted into service of high cognitive emotions (can think yourself  into feeling these emotions)­­> do not have boundaries (overlap)   ■ however, the components of love that are universal  ● sexual attraction  ● sadness and longing when lover is gone  ● intense joy when lover is nearby   ■ western thought of love   ● love takes people by surprise  ● love is the basis for commitment   ● love is the supreme form of self fulfillment   ○ culturally specific emotions  ■ these emotions are taught by a certain culture and are thus not  universally fel For example, Amae in Japanese culture is a feeling of  dependence or expectation that you will be cared for within a romantic  relationship.­­> This goes back to the neednaming ​an emotion, The  japanese are able to clearly feel and label amae because they are able to  understand that emotion (because it has a name). We in western culture,  might experience amae but since it is not labeled as a recognized emotion  to our culture, our feeling of amae, may as well go unrecognized (we do  not understand it)   ● what you feel and how you feel  ○ is dependant on the label  ○ requires a script   ■ ie­Gurumba  ● acting out as wild pigs was found to be a response among 20­25  year olds to the financial struggles etc of becoming an adult. this  emotion allowed the individual to “blow off steam” (to cope with the  demands of the culture  ● acting out as a wild pig, is an emotion that is restricted to this tribe  as it has to be learned through social interaction within context of  the culture   ● Lutz on the Ifaluk   ○ The Ifaluk tribe live on an island north of Australia; they are isolated and vulnerable  to typhoons. They thus experience emotion in a much more intense manner. The  Ifaluk emphasize the importance of relationships through expressions of emotion.   ■ speak in terms of the group rather than the individual  ● we vs I  ■ emphasize sharing  ● share everything (my belongings are yours) except when the  community has enough of something such as clothing   ● however, back to their emphasis on relationships, the Ifaluk take  care to hide their clothing when not worn, from the opposite sex as  clothing connotes sexuality (it reminds them of what makes them  different (gender)) →  that they are not “one” (we vs I)  ■ emotions can be transcended to others  ● when they feel emotion towards someone such as longing, it can  make that person being longed for, sick  ■ Nunuwan  ● range of mental events ranging from thought to emotion, display of  matureness  ● having a lot of Nunuwan is a good thing as it is a display of full  development (matureness)     ●   ■ Tip   ● emotion and desires that belong to the individual himself ie­urges   ■ Fago  ● combination of compassion/love/sadness  ● because the Ifaluk are so vulnerable on the island, they depend on  one another when they are in vulnerable states such as sickness,  fago is a way to express an understanding of the suffering  occurring in the world and in that person and it displays a  willingness to take action (to care for that person)   ■ Song  ● justifiable/moral/acceptable anger  (getting mad for something that  anyone in the community would get mad at)  ● ie­becoming angry when someone does not share within the  community (rightfully pissed)    


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