Fine Arts 101, week 1 and 2
Fine Arts 101, week 1 and 2 FINE_ART 101
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Popular in Art
This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marina P on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FINE_ART 101 at Washington State University taught by Pamela Lee in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 158 views. For similar materials see Fine Arts in Art at Washington State University.
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I'm pretty sure these materials are like the Rosetta Stone of note taking. Thanks Marina!!!
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Date Created: 01/21/16
Fine Arts 101.1 Tuesday 1/12/16 1. Class information: Pamela Awana Lee | Clinical Associate Professor Fine Arts and the Honors College | Washington State University Office: Honors Hall 125C| P.O. Box 642012 | Pullman, WA 991642012 5093351230| email@example.com Office hours: Tuesdays 34pm and Wednesday 1011am. Teacher Assistant: Dani: Daniella.firstname.lastname@example.org Office: Fine Arts Building room 4066. Office hours: Tuesdays and Thursdays 45pm Teacher Assistant: Hayley: Hayley.email@example.com Office: Fine Arts Building room 6017. Office hours: Mondays and Wednesdays 1112 noon. 2. Announcements: Read pages 123 in the Class Packet for Thursdays class. The class packet can be purchased at Cougar Copies (bottom floor of the CUB). The class packet costs $6.50. The Course schedule on page two and three are important because there it gives readings, due dates, and lays out the whole semester. The FA101 Cultural Passport (For extra credit) can also be purchased at Cougar Copies. The Cultural Passport is worth $.50. Complete the online (blackboard) Course Agreement form by the end of this week. It is worth 10 points. 3 . In Lecture Definitions: 1) Fine art refers to objects created and appreciated for their own merits, for aesthetic satisfaction, or for some statement about the human condition. Fine art is experienced and appreciated on an intangible rather than on a practical level. 2) Aesthetics refers to what is pleasing to the human eye. “Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.” This changes from individual to individual and changes from culture to culture. 3) Form refers to everything about the visual and the physical appearance of a work of art. (For example: Ron Mueck and his sculptures). 4) Applied art objects are created to serve a function the intent is utilitarian. Applied art objects are not created just for aesthetic satisfaction alone, but also serve some functional purpose. (For example: a pen or a piano). Thursday 1/14/16 1. Announcements: Read Power of Art Chapter 1. 2. What is Art? (Packet page 20) This question can’t satisfy all. a. Need to read for test: Text pages: 25, 5960, 282287, 290292 3. The Monna Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci: An Oil painting on a wood panel, 30 ¼” x 21”, Louvre Museum. 4 . Lecture Facts: Leonardo da Vinci was : “The Renaissance man.” He was an engineer (made many inventions) and a painter. He was hired on commission to make a portrait called The Mona Lisa. He was a naturalist, a scientist, and he wrote backwards (he was secretive). Glazing: was a method of oil painting in practice during the Italian Renaissance. It refers to the layering up of many thin translucent applications of paint a method in practice. Sfumato: is a technique that Leonardo da Vinci invented. It refers to the soft, veiled, smoky appearance of the oil painting. People often say Mona’s eyes move when viewing the painting but this is because of the sfumato which made things look “lifelike.” Da Vinci thought the highest art was illusion, which he mastered by using sfumato to make paintings look more real. The Mystery has many layers: Why does the Louvre museum own the painting? Why does Mona Lisa have no eyebrows or eyelashes? because there are thin layers built into the painting. Why is she smiling? People say Mona Lisa was thinking about her lover while being painted, or thinking about her pregnancy (yet she never actually had children). Who is she? Mona Lisa was stolen once. (read about it in your text book). Mona/Monna: There are two spellings for her name. “Monna” is a shortened Madonna in Italian it means “Mrs.” Or “My lady.” Giorgio Vasari: (SelfPortrait c. 1571 projected in class) says Monna Lisa was a wife of a wealthy banker. He was an engineer as well. Da Vinci taught himself to write backwards, teaching himself to form his scripted (longhand, not printed) letters as well. He was left handed. We have no idea whether he was dyslexic as this is a modern diagnosis. He taught himself this to keep secrets safe. Records and Riddles: Da Vinci enjoyed riddles (Like the book The Da Vinci Code). Mona Lisa is a riddle because the background is not what Italy looks like (Da Vinci traveled a lot). Also, people believed Mona Lisa looked like a man (her hands). Xrays reveal: There were changes in the painting when you view it under the xray: at one point in time there were pearls, once her hands were placed differently on an armchair, and he also changed her smile slight. He changed and altered the arms, for reasons we will never know. Artist can change things with flakewhite paint. The biggest change is going from a square shape to a rectangle. People think someone could have sawed off the picture after Leonardo died. (Sawed off the columns on the left side of the painting). He preached abstinence as a lifestyle. Raphael Sanzio: Came to meet Da Vinci, he recopied his painting which had change to the original (Like the columns which were included). Chateau le Clos Luce, Da Vinci’s home in Avignon, France: When Leonardo died, the oil painting (on a wood panel) became property of France. In 1987 ComputerGenerated theory/Lillian Schwartz at MIT: People think Monna Lisa is more masculine than feminine, making it a possible reflection of him. He could have been homosexual. Agostino Vespucci wrote on October 1503: in a book in the library of the University of Heidelberg identifies Lisa del Giocondo as the subject of Mona Lisa. Da Vinci kept the painting until he died: He traveled and walked over 414 miles to France, yet only kept the Mona Lisa painting. He never titled it, and he kept working on it. The king even wanted the painting, but Da Vinci never finished or gave it to him. But why did he keep it? Why did Da Vinci take it with him and work on it till his death? What did this painting really mean to him? A true mystery. Fine Arts 101.1 Tuesday 1/19/16 1. Topic: What Is Art? According to Dada and refer to text pp. 15, 411414 In considering what might or might not be called art, reflect upon these four "qualifiers", that were widely accepted standards before the 20th century.... Art was assumed to be: 1. Made by a human being, rather than by nature or by God 2. Involved a leap of imagination 3. Required putting that leap of imagination into effect, externalizing the imaginative leap 4. Required the manual act, handson activity by the artist What 20th century artist and art historical movement amplified (or instigated) the confusion over the question of what is, or what is not art? To address this question, of what art is, we must extricate the issues of quality and taste. Art, before the 2 century was assumed to be… 1.) Made by human being rather than by nature. For example: a sunset would not be considered art because, although it may be beautiful, it is natural—made by God or nature as opposed to a human being. Visual art always had human intervention. 2.) A leap of imagination; Pablo Picasso once saw his son playing with toy cars, and he imagined a different kind of imagery. He interpreted this scene into his piece “Baboon and Young”. 3.) Before the 21 century, it was always believed that leap of imagination, must be in effect and physically manifested 4.) The artist’s hands were involved. Some skill involving the hands was part of the process of art. Modern art would be with Joseph Kosuth’s – One and Three Chairs: portrayed a picture of a chair, a real physical chair, and a dictionary definition of the chair. This piece of art does not conform to the original definition of art. 2 . In Lecture: Fountain from Marcel Duchamp, a French Modern Era artist This is a replica of the original "Fountain", as the original was lost after submission to the 1917 New York Society of Independent Artists. ( a Dada “artwork”). LOOK UP: Date Dada began (in book). 1917 exhibition of New York Society of Independent Artists: Part of the Dada movement. This was a French Modern Era which began early 1800s. Dada is a shorter period of time within art history; a smaller movement in the modern era. Most historians believe, that today, we are in the postmodern era. Marcel Duchamp is considered one of the most influential artists of the twentieth century, though he did not invent Dada. In 1917, this was a jury exhibition (artists would submit work and the jerry members would decide what gets into the exhibition). the prestigious organization called New York Society of Independent Artists held an exhibition in New York City. This group was highly selective. Membership was done on an invitationonly basis. For the exhibition, all duepaying members were invited to showcase at least one piece of art in the show. Duchamp saw this as an invitation to challenge the group. As a due paying member, thus guaranteed an exhibition of once piece of art, he sent in Fountain R. Mutt: Duchamp bought a urinal manufactured by Richard Mutt, and signed the piece “R. Mutt” with the date 1917 and submitted it. Yet, the association rejected it because they did not know of any “R. Mutt’s.” This piece was thrown away into the dumpster (The one existing today is a replica). 1913 Armory Show refer to text pp. 411414: Duchamp was a wellknown and respected artist, in part gaining fame for his work Nude Descending a Staircase #2 displayed in the Armory Show of 1913. This piece of art was nicknamed “Rude Descending a Staircase” The Armory Show was keystone in the change from realism to modernism. It was very successful in the way that lots of tickets were sold. Duchamp anonymously observed the art show to see what people had said about his art work. In 1913, he wrote in his sketch book “Can an artist make a work of art that is not art?” In 1917, it was considered extremely bad taste for a woman to have to see a urinal; considered rude or impolite or even vulgar; Marcel anticipated this and in his newspaper article, he was quoted saying: “The Readymade was selected with a total absence of good or bad taste…in fact, in complete anesthesia” Readymades (or found object sculptures) are made from or incorporate already existing objects, usually commonplace objects: Role of taste in the selection “The Readymade was selected with a total absence of good or bad taste… in fact, in complete anesthesia.” Marcel Duchamp. Dada is an anti art, antimeaning, anti movement: It is a nihilistic art movement. It was anarchistic. Nihilism is an extreme form of skepticism; total rejection of law or tradition. Dada was absurd art, antiart, in a time when the atrocities were unreasonably terrible, and this group of young artists questioned traditions and reason. Many believed that art was dead, as society, and politics were. ~World War I (19141918) There was a Dada act during this time. The British had trenches at the western front, with many people in them. This was described as a “sausage machine.” Many of these people witnessed others dying and getting eaten by dogs. Many suffered, and various survivors from this were in fact artists. The Dada act was a deriding value of immortality. Dada was gone by 1924. The historical influence of Dada continues: Conceptual Art Movement was a modern movement in the U.S., in the late 1960's and the 1970's that is still apparent in the art world today. Dada impacted conceptual art. These works asserted the primacy of the idea, the concept. They involved little or no "hands on" activity by the artist. They displayed little or no object. Other Notable Works by Marcel Duchamp In Advance of a Broken Arm (1915) Hedgehog/Bottlerack Dryer (1914) LHOOQ (when read out loud in French, it sounds out “She has a hot a**”) (1919) READ: Joseph Kosuth One and Three Chairs , 1965: Read the article at http://www.moma.org/learn/moma_learning/josephkosuthoneand threechairs1965 Fine Arts 101.1 Tuesday 1/21/16 1. Topic: Judging Art: Quality and Taste: The discernment of "quality" in art presents a difficult issue. The difficulty is compounded by the involvement of personal and cultural taste, which invariably gets mixed up with the judging of quality in works of art. (quality and taste changes between cultures). How do we form our tastes in visual art? Familiarity and cultural conditioning. Exposure can change your taste and your discernment of quality. Observe and reflect on your "taste" in art as you learn and see more. Viewing art is a "tripart" experience (viewer’s responses): 1) To see/look (focus and don’t judge before you look) 2) Some art evokes an emotional response (The feelings you experience) 3) Some art evokes an intellectual response (Anything in words like symbolism, or a narrative) Thinking and framing questions (about a topic) are integrally linked: Are there timeless standards for assessing quality in art? Are there crosscultural standards for assessing quality in art? Are there universal themes or subjects that can be appreciated through time or culture? Can an individual develop an appreciation for works of visual art? –There is no definitive answer for these questions. Some you can answer yourself, some you can not. Much of the general public judge’s art by the sole standard of beauty. Yet, is there a timeless, crosscultural standard for beauty? Also different times = different conventions Examples: Japanese art from the 15 century vs. anime today. Or Gianlorenzo Bernini 1619 marble man. Another example is looking at art that shows different looking women (beauty is a common theme). Different cultures show different likings/ taste when it comes to women. An artist may choose to represent a notion, an idea, or something about the human condition other than beauty. How are we going to judge works of art never intended as a statement about beauty? Renior said beauty is women who are natural. By natural, he means they don’t talk, think, or share their ideas. Art is a form of communication; it is visual communication. The art object is the focal point of this communication process. Art reflects culture. Artists build and create a process to build an art object. Not all art is considered beautiful. Form is the way a work of art looks: Form refers to everything about the visual and physical appearance of the artwork. Form includes: subject matter, style, media (materials and technique), the visual elements (such as color, space, line, texture, shape, etc.), composition, perspective, proportion, scale . . . Knowing the background/backstory can help you understand art and the different variations of a piece of an art. This is important because art can include religion, Christianity, and symbolic references. Subject matter refers to the figures, objects or shapes that are portrayed in the work of art. –This is much more limited. (Example of matter: a women). Content refers to the message or meaning of the work of art. Content is what a work of art “says” or communicates to you. Content refers to the overall conventional message, and yet some artworks possess more literal levels of meanings and more culturally specific meanings. Iconography refers to the story within a work of art, including the conventional meanings and all levels of symbolic meanings, such as literary, cultural, and religious references. Iconology is the study of visual symbolism in art. – Looking at Content and background 2. Lecture: Venus of Willendorf or Woman of Willendorf, a Prehistoric sculpture: A small limestone sculpture, once painted a red ocher color, measures a mere 4 1/8 inches’ height, c.25,00030,000 BCE (refer to text pp. 78 and 233 (on Fertility Goddesses)) Prehistoric (Before written history): In 1908 it was found in an archeological dig. This is an example of Iconography. The Red ocher color was a natural clay pigment with looked like a bloody red. Venus: The archeologists named it Venus, the roman goddess of beauty. Willendorf: This was found in Willendorf Austria. Portable object: Easily portable (about the size of your palm). At this place/time in history, many people were hunter gatherers. Explanations for her features: It was thought that males could have possibly wanted woman with these features (to gain enough fat to bare though harsh winters). Or possibly, it is a woman looking down at her pregnant belly. Her feet in the ground could be an example of good luck/ safe child bearing. This piece of art also has the umbilical cord hanging between her legs. Around the figures head can be cornrows, or possible a woven hat. It is unclear weather or not the maker was a female or male, and there could be various interpretations of this work of art.
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