Class Note for POL 231 at UA
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Legal Structures amp 1 Finance Laws 0 Legal Structures amp Campaign Finance Laws Legal structures Electoral College Ballot forms and access Campaign finance laws Congressional redistricting Congressional elections lecture Electoral College History Fear of popular elections in Constitution Early electors chosen by state legislatures 1836 popular vote to select Electors Except South Carolina not until 1860 Number of Electors 538 in total Each state Two one for each Senator Plus 1 to 53 more based on number of Representatives Washington DC 3 electors Numbers change with each census Change in Electoral College Votes 1992 2002 2 AZF1 GA TX 1 CA CO NV NC 1 CT IL IN MI MS OH OK WI 2 PA NY MicroCase le States variable 191 EC GAINOO Electoral College 200 k 1 California 55 2 Texas 34 3 New York 31 4 Florida 27 18 Arizona 10 tiedWiLh 3 others 4450 3 7 states and DC File States variable 190 ELECTOROO Electoral College Process Popular vote in state Democratic or Republican slate of electors chosen Plurality vote except Maine amp Nebraska Electoral College vote Cast in December at state capital Requires majority vote 270 electors Electoral College vote counted in January If No Majority in Electoral College House of Representatives chooses President Top 3 candidates from election Each state one vote Need 26 votes to win If No Majority in Electoral College Senate selects the Vice President Top 2 candidates from election Each Senator gets one vote Need 51 votes No Electoral College Majority 1800 Thomas Jefferson amp Aaron Burr tied Same party No designation for President versus Vice President House selects Jefferson Led to 12th Amendment Thomas Jefferson Aaron Burr No Electoral College Majority 1824 4 candidates from DemocraticRepublican party House chose John Quincy Adams 1836 Martin Van Buren Democrat won presidency JQAdams No Electoral College majority for Vice President Richard Johnson Democratic disliked Senate selected Johnson Johnson Van Buren Popular Vote V nner Not Elected 1876 Democrat Samuel Tilden won by 3 of popular vote SC FL LA delivered 2 slates of we Electors to Congress Congressional commission chose Republican Rutherford Hayes 1887 law states final authority on Electors majority of both Hayes House amp Senate to overturn Popular Vote Winner Not Elected 1888 Incumbent Democrat Grover Cleveland huge popular majority in 18 states Republican Benjamin Harrison won slender vote margin in larger states Popular vote difference 110476 less than 1 of total Electoral College vote Harrison 233 Cleveland 168 Harrison Cleveland 2000 Presidential Vote Democrat Al Gore 50999897 4838 Republican George W Bush 50456002 4787 Difference 543895 52 Bush 271 Electoral College votes Gore 266 Electoral College votes Electoral College Vote 2000 Bush 271 Gore 266 Electoral College Vote 2004 Bush 286 Kerry 252 Electoral College Effects Typically magnifies presidential mandate Typically disadvantages third party candidates Influences candidates strategies 2004 Presidential Campaign Commercials Wisconsin Advertising Project httpwwwpolisciwisced utvadvertising EIeCtO ral COIIege Debate Pro Federal system Maintains 2 party system Geographic distrbution of presidential vote Con Minority presidents Faithless electors Turnout Not re ect national popular vote Public Opinion Abolish Electoral College Ballet Forms and Access so Australian ballot Z a E Party column 50 Office block 3 Voting mechanisms 3 Ballot access 0 3 3 e E L gm g 59 59 59 E 2 3 33 E 2 0 4 EIAbolish IKeep INo Opinion Source Roper Center httg rogercenter uconn eduWhats new elect html 112200 Early Ballot Forms Australian ballot Party printed ballot 1893 Iowa City 1880 Iowa municipal election Source nttp HWWW cs uiovva eduionesvotingpictures Party Column Of ce Block Dem Rep Governor Governor Jones Smith Jones Dem Senate Brown Garcia Smith Rep House Jackson Moore Senate Mayor Olson Canon Brown Dem Garcia Rep House Jackson Dem Moore Rep Types of Voting Mechanisms Counties Voters Pa per 10 6 Lever 9 13 Punch Card 10 19 Optical Scan 46 32 Electronic 21 29 Mixed 5 7 Source for use of voting machines 2004 Election Data Services littD HWWW electiondataseiVices coin Paper Ballot 299 counties 10 6 registered voters Lever Machines 2004 270 counties 9 13 of registered voters 307 counties 10 Punch Card 19 registered voters Optical Scanners 1418 counties 46 32 of registered voters 699 coun ies 21 Electronic 29 registered voters Baiiot use map on next Siidefrom NEWSWEEK October 18 2004 p 32
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