Week 3 Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sufian Notetaker on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1101.0 at University of Georgia taught by Amy Ross in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Human Geography in Geography at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 01/21/16
Week 3 Notes: Day 6: January 28, 2016 Lecture: Legacies of Colonialism: Neocolonialism and Contemporary Globalization - People make maps, maps make people - Human interactions with water o River importance to early European settlement in north America - Georgia was added as a colony because they thought the Altamaha area was a threat to the Carolina territory - Imperialism- the deliberate exercise of military power and economic influence by powerful states in order to advance and secure their interests - Colonization – the establishments and maintenance of political and legal domination by a state over a separate and alien society - There are empires that are not colonial, imperialism and colonization’s are related but kind of of not the same thing. - Urbanization- military garrisons, administrative centers, principalities and intermediaries - Urbanization has its roots in imperialism - Urbanizations: the need for military garrison, if there are multiple cultures in one, there is a need for a military - Hegemony- the power at the heart of an empire - Capitalism- a form of economic and social organization characterized by the profit motive and the control of the means of production, distribution and exchange of goods aby private ownership - Hinterland(sphere of influence) - You start to see really specialized plantations, for the purpose of European advantage - 1450- 1750: the emergence, expansion, and consolidation of a European world- system - Spatial Analysis of Industrialization in Europe o Diffusion: Began in England, spread through Europe and globally o Britain – Diffusion- Railroad in terms of time - Structuring World- Systems: Core and Periphery o Immanuel Wallerstein o International division of labor o Comparative advantage- production of certain objects is better to be produced in a location different that the one currently residing in. - Core- dominated trade, control most advanced dominance depends on the participation of other regions in world systems - Periphery- dependent and disadvantageous trade relationships - Semi- periphery- able to exploit peripheral regions but themselves exploited and dominated by core regions - Leadership cycles- Portugal to Netherlands to Great Britain to United states - The scramble for Africa- the continent of Africa was carved up into a patchwork of European colonies in the 34 years with little regard for biophysical geography or the preexisting societies. In just a few years much of this continent became incorporated into the modern world system. - Environmental determinism- natural order of things, like Cuba is good for natural resources, its just the way it is. Excuses any kind of political, social violence in the reason of acquiring more territory - Ethnocentrism- ways of seeing the world related to that cultural influence and dominance - Eurocentric- the power of the European that determines how we see the world in their perspective. - Neocolonialism- commercial, economic tools structuring other places and lives of people around the world, basically a replacement to the military trdtic of taking over other places and pushing in their influence - 3 world- politically independent states in the periphery of the conflict between the competing world systems of the Cold war, instead of that say developing world, or say peripheral. Places that are messed up because of the plantation system that was set up by the Europeans, giving advantage to other country on the theft of its own land. Week 3 Notes: Day 7: February 2nd, 2016 Lecture: - first 2 assignments are posted on ELC - Test questions: Favorite answer is all of the above 1. Environmental determinism refers to: a. The belief that social and cultural differences between human groups can ultimately be traced to differences in their physical environments 2. The textbook describes the capacity to understand changing patters, changing processes, and changing relationships among people, places and regions a. Geographical imagination 3. The characteristics generally associated with core regions are: a. Regions that are able to exploit peripherals regions but are themselves exploited and dominated by more highly developed regions. b. Regions that dominated trade, control the most advanced technologies, and have high levels of productivity with diversity economies 4. Colonialism can be be described as: a. A specific architectural style in African cities b. A system o production of goods and services for exchange on the market in order to make a profit c. A highest form of capitalism d. The direct political control of a people of capitalism 5. Which of the following bet describes the sequence of world leaderships cycles in the last five hundred years of colonization and imperialism a. Portugal, the Netherlands, Great Britain, the United States - Key Words for Chapter 3: 1. Agricultural density 2. Census 3. Demography 4. Forced migration 5. Gender 6. Guest workers 7. Immigration 8. Internally displaced persons 9. International migration 10. Life expectancy 11. Neoliberalism 12. Push factors 13. Pull factors 14. Refugees - Malthus- 1798- Essay on the principle of population - Industrialization and Urbanization are the two main things that are affecting the people of Britain - The bad thing about all people moving to the city was that cities are small places and a large population leads to filth and congestion. - First point was that people were going to reproduce and the second point was that resources were going to stay static- this is where Matheus was wrong - Our resources are a lot dependent on our technology rather than just the numbers, technology has changed how we have resources and how we understand it, but he was still somewhat correct about the general idea. - What is nature? How do we know it?- main questions from chapter 4 - Nature is a social creation that includes human beings, but out ideology show how we react to nature: the tree in someone’s front yard means something different to me that it does to you because of our ideology. - Technology impact the environment how we harvest the resources- impacts our relationship to earth - Second, second technology affects environment by the production of waste - And Third, how we use technology to distribute these resources.
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