Fine Arts 101
Fine Arts 101 FINE_ART 101
Popular in Fine Arts
Popular in Art
verified elite notetaker
This 28 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marina P on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FINE_ART 101 at Washington State University taught by Pamela Lee in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Fine Arts in Art at Washington State University.
Reviews for Fine Arts 101
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/21/16
Fine Arts 101.1 Tuesday 1/26/16 Topic 1: Portrait of a Queen Mother (also known as Pendant Mask), Edo / Beni from the Court of Benin, early 16th century, Beni culture, Nigeria • Ivory and iron inlays; height 9 3/8" (Life size) A mask (Not one you wear over your face) as a countenance, a portrait, a likeness of a face. –The eyes on the portrait are rusted iron, and had scarification on head for decoration purposes. A pendant as a hanging ornament, worn from the waist or the neck Kingdom of Benin / Edo: This portrait comes from the court of Benin (the people). This was a kingdom long ago, geographically part of Nigeria today, but not the same society. The portrait was carved of Ivory (tusk of an elephant). The king wore the pendent around his waist or neck (Ivory is fairly light). Dynastic Rule 14401897: There was a clash between Europe and Africans in the court of Benin. A royal art: Only royalty could commission for portraits of themselves. Artists who made portraits of nonroyalty would have their head cut off. Relations with the Portuguese: In 1485 they sailed in (Brought silk, jewels, musical instruments, musket, and gun powder). The relationship was mutually beneficial. Benin offered them palm oil, ivory, pepper, and wood. However, the musket and gun powder brought war; soon enough Benin enslaved their neighbors and sold them to the Portuguese and Dutch. “oba” named: “Oba” means King (Alter to an Oba). The kings name was Esigie uled 1504 – 1550. The King owned the crown. “iyoba”: Queens mother (Mother of king). Her name was Idia: She was a powerful and smart lady who convinced her son to kill his half brother in order to rule the kingdom. Motif = 1) subject matter 2) A repeated pattern or design Olukun: The tiara around the portrait was of a sailor and mudfish. Olukun was the god of wealth and amphibious. It was believed he would navigate between sea and land and brought the king wealth. Artistic Intentions, Historical Reference and Appropriation We have looked at a range of historical and contemporary art in our few weeks together. In learning to encounter art, I suggest you approach art as visual communication that you ask: Why does it look that way? What is the artist trying to express, and then is the work of art successful in its expression. We are learning concepts and vocabulary to help you critically analyze a wide range of visual art. Historical and contemporary art is often based on symbolism, cultural and historical references. Education and knowledge is important for comprehension of the references and allusions. Some art is aesthetic, full of dignity and measure, other art reflects the harshness also a part of human experience. The understanding of art is enriched by being privy to the historical allusions and references. (Art can be a visual communication to find meaning in the world). Examples: Les Femmes du Maroc: La Grand Odalisque, 2008, by Lalla Essaydi refer to text pp 126 127 (Controversial, depiction of Allah on the women in the image’s back) Grande Odalisque, 1814, by JeanAugust Dominique Ingres, refer to text pp 359361 The Power of Art authors, in the Glossary at the back of the Third Edition define appropriation in art: Readymade sculptures or pop art. The 20 century had many examples of image appropriation. Post Modernism th Pop Art was a 20 century art Modern Art movement • Was at its peak in America and England in the 1960’s and 70’s • It borrows images from contemporary popular and commercial culture, and then recreates the images using fine art media • It confused the boundaries between high art and low art Andy Warhol Roy Lichtenstein Looked at comic books and made them into oil paintings. Claus Oldenburg and Coosje van Brugen Made everyday objects huge. Media refers to the materials and the techniques used to create a work of art. Medium is the singular form of media. There are many contemporary artists (working now in the 21 century) who appropriate, borrow and recontextualize images that are not Pop Artists. Examples: An Inner Dialogue with Frida Kahlo by Kazumasa Morimura / Thinking About Death, 1943, by Frida Kahlo (He dressed himself up in famous portraits). Topic 2: Carrie Mae Weems, American Artist Born in Portland Oregon in 1953 Recognized for her photographybased narrative art that investigates race, gender, society and history from the vantage point of her perspective MacArthur Genius Award You Became a Scientific Profile & Photographic Subject the Getty Series From Here I Saw What Happened and I Cried, by Carrie Mae Weems, a contemporary American artist medium sized chromogenic color prints with sandblasted text on glass, 25 5/8” x 22 ¾” refer to the DVD excerpt from Art: 21 and text pp. 123127 Contemporary Approaches Opening a can of worms: You Became a Scientific Profile & Photographic Subject The inspiration for the series: Inspired by black subjects and how they have been used. Original photos taken in the nineteenth century: The photographs were procreated. Subjects were African slaves: Often naked women. Studied “scientifically” The series: She has 30 photos in the series. Harvard’s involvement with the series: She had taken photos from Harvard’s archives and so they tried to sue her for it. Weems’ biographical information: She had a large family and a good relationship with them. She moved out when she was 16 though (because she was ready), and never returned. Weems was daydreaming about the Birmingham Riots: In the 1960’s images started moving, and she had her own students make a series of actions/recreation. Series of recreations / constructions of history: Recreated various important people in history, showing construction. refer to the DVD excerpt from Art: 21 and text pp. 123127 Contemporary Approaches Fine Arts 101.1 Thursday 1/28/16 Announcements: 1. “I am possibly skipping some study slides next week” So keep up with any changes. 2. Do not wear strong perfume to class, it can cause severe asthma in me. This is very important, please. Topic 1: General Style Categories Sty in art refers to an identifiable and recognizable set of visual characteristics. This identifiable set of characteristics can be associated with a particular artist, a group of artists in a period of time, or with a culture. (Form includes style) Some artists' works can be recognized by their style, by those characteristics that are consistent and identifiably theirs. Some art historical movements also have recognizable and identifiable style characteristics, though art historical periods and general style categories are two different approaches to analyzing art. Art history considers art in the cultural and chronological context. Recall that form refers to all the visual aspects of a work of art, including style, media, the visual elements, composition, perspective, etc. There are two broad categories of style, into which most works of art fit. The two broad categories of style are: Representational Art and Nonrepresentational Art Objective Art and Nonobjective Art Depictive Art and Nondepictive Art Figurative Art and Nonfigurative Art Learn the synonyms: these terms are used interchangeably Nonrepresentational art does not attempt to portray any real object or person. •There is no recognizable subject matter. • There can be content (meaning) to some viewers. Learn the synonyms for nonrepresentational: write them here, after class when you are studying. Example of nonobjective art and how style and art history is separate ways of analyzing art: Jackson Pollock’s painting, an example of the historical Action Painting movement (Some see emotions in it). No subject matter Content – For many, the gestural marks convey content (meaning) Donald Judd’s sculpture, an example of the art historical Minimalist movement (Minimalism: A movement towards minimal communication from art to viewer). No subject matter Content – Judd did his best to restrict the human propensity to find meaning. His works are untitled. Representational art depicts object or people in some recognizable form •To some degree, objective images portray nature. –The visible world of people’s things. • In this context, nature refers to the visible world of people and things Remember the synonyms: write them here, after class when you are studying. Objective, Figurative, and Depictive. (When you can name subject matter). examples: Robert Arneson’s Portrait of Jackson Pollock Duane Hanson’s Lady with Shopping Bags Paul Cézanne’s Mont Sainte Victoire Li Cheng’s A Solitary Temple amid Clearing Peaks Edvard Munch The Scream (The Shriek) ► ► Representational art includes subcategories: Realism / Naturalism French impressionists would paint things the way your eyes actually see them (Realism). Abstract Art Expressionistic Art Topic 2: Mont SainteVictoire by Paul Cézanne, a PostImpressionist artist a medium sized oil on canvas painting, 27 ½" x 35 ¼"; 19021904 (Moderate size) refer to text pp. 392393 Mont SainteVictoire The artist’s intentions He was obsessed with searching for a solidity and unity of form in nature He looked for geometric solids in nature He wanted to make Impressionism solid and durable like the art of the museums The method used: He used a stiff bristle brush and painted on oil canvases with it. He did not use underdrawing and did not use shading. This stiff flat brush created the choppy marks distinct to Cézanne. He felt linear perspective was “a lie”: The thought these laws and rules were unreal and made up. His influence of art history: Cezanne is regarded as a pivotal modernist painter. He created art that was representational, but not a strict realistic depiction of nature. He asserted that a painting was a painting, and not a mere depiction of nature (the visible world). Cezanne’s work would come to be seen as the precursor, the antecedent to Cubism. text pp. text pp. 392393 Realism / Naturalism Realism / Naturalism is the portrayal of people and objects as they are seen to be in nature. •Accuracy is emphasized. • There are no deliberate distortions, nor expressionistic liberties. Examples & Discussion: Chuck Close Fanny Finger Painting 1985 8’6 x 7. Oil canvas. He also drew a large self portrait of himself. Remember that art is artifice Realism is a style category; it is not reality. (For example: A bowl of grapes doesn’t always look realistic). Topic 3: American Gothic, by Grant Wood, a Modern American artist medium sized oil painting, 29 7/8” x 24 7/8", 1930 The inspiration: (Not the people) His inspiration was the house. He drove by it, took a sketch of it and later went back to it to finish. He also got inspired by looking at old photo albums. Vernacular architecture: It is a regional style of architecture. The vernacular architecture in this painting is called Carpenter Gothic. The models: His dentist was chosen to be the farmer, and his sister was the farmer’s wife. Publicity and awards: He had a deadline for this painting, because he was taking it to the American Painting Show in the Chicago Institute of Art. It was later bought for $300 and won a prize for $300 ($600 a lot back then). Biographical, historical and historical references: The controversy on the painting became iconic. Regionalism: Was an American modern era and movement in the U.S. from 19201950. Regionalist artists realistically depicted scenes of rural life. Regionalists rejected European abstraction. Judgement calls: If you unsure if a work of art is naturalistic, use the broader style category Fine Arts 101.1 Tuesday 2/2/16 Topic 1: Art historical eras and movements / style categories Photorealism / Photorealist Paintings / Superrealist or Hyperrealist sculpture • Involves exacting realism and precision in rendering with the additional aspect that the work includes the photographic vision of reality. • This art historical movement was at its height in the U.S. in the mid1960’s and 1970’s (Art history involves culture and time) Realism or naturalism is the portrayal of people and objects as they are seen to be in nature. Accuracy is emphasized There are no deliberately nor expressionistic liberties Painting: Wheel of Fortune by Audrey Flack, a contemporary (artist that is still alive) American artist large painting. (8' x 8'), oil over acrylic on canvas; 197778 example of a Photorealist painting refer to text pp. 452453 First Photorealist work: In 1964 Kennedy was assassinated, and Audrey Flack was interested in grief. She used a photo of him to look at, and then painted from it. The artist’s working method: (It is representational, depictive, objective, figurative). Worked on stilllife painting and worked traditionally (with a large table set up). She arranged it how she wanted it, took pictures, and put them into a slip projector. The image was projected onto a canvas and she drew the contour lines onto the canvas. (Critics called this “cheating” or a “short cut”). Selects subject matter for symbolism: She wanted the viewer to look at the subject matter. She kept her viewers in mind and wanted them to understand/think certain thoughts. Each object in her paintings held a symbol. (for example: this painting could symbolize mortality, time, youth, or beauty). Part of a series of contemporary versions of types of historical paintings called: Vanitas =Baroque still life paintings that used objects to symbolize the fleeting nature of life and thus the folly of people’s desires for wealth and beauty. (A type of genre). For example: Paintings of messy table scenes. The Baroque Period refers to art created in Europe from c. 16001750. (At this period, many people were limited in color choice) Memento Mori = A skull is included in an artwork to symbolize the passing of life, and thus the futility of greed and vanity. (A type of genre) • Latin for remember death Trompel'oeil is art rendered with such exacting realism that the viewer can be fooled into thinking that the subjects are real rather than painted or sculpted. • The scale of the subject matter is the same size as the real life object. Topic 2: Janitor, 1973, by Duane Hanson, a Modern American artist lifesize sculpture, cast of fiberglass and polyester resin, polychrome, mixed media (So realistic they are uncanny) In terms of art history, this is both Modern and a Superrealist sculpture refer to text pp. 452453, casting 158159 Oeuvre = The entire body of an artist’s life’s work (To replicate human) Casting the figures: Used silicon rubber and made negative mold. (Had to do each part of the body piece by piece). “Types” of people: He made regular people: old people, kids, security guards, a janitor, salesperson, and women. Content: Critics often said he has a love/hate relationship with middleclass America. (He often replicated middle aged whites, “ordinary people”). They said he was “satirizing ordinary people” Style categories: People said it is “like a documentary report” text pp. 452453, casting 158159 Topic 3: Spooning Couple, 2005, by Ron Mueck, a contemporary Australian born artist underlifesized sculpture, 5 ½” x 25 5/8” x 13 ¾”, cast of fiberglass and polyester resin, polychrome, and mixed media (Polychrome: multicolor) refer to text pages: casting 158159, scale and proportion 5963 Ron Mueck’s early career in the applied arts: He worked with commercials, films, TV. He made human models, and often used different aged people. Entry into Fine Art in 1996, motherinlaw Paula Rego: She was already famous and helped him. The Saatchi brothers collect art and sell and buy art. The Brothers wanted Muecks art which made him famous. Scale refers to size in relation to some constant or normal size. Scale is relative size. If an object or figure appears like you would expect, then it is at normal scale. If an object or figure seems larger or smaller than you would expect, then it appears out of scale. The scale of an object or figure can be compared to either other objects or figures, or scale can be judged in relation to the general format of the artwork. Proportion refers to the size of part of a figure in relation to the whole figure. If the proportion is normal, then the parts to the whole are what we would expect. Ron Mueck manipulates scale, and ages of figure. (Change scale= change idea) Compare the form and the content of Hanson (Life size, and used real people), and Mueck’s (Tiny, used clay to shape them) sculptures. Compare the method of creating the sculptures of Hanson and Mueck’s works. Mueck makes: the mold first out of clay, then negative mold, and then casts it out of polyester resin. Fine Arts 101.1 Thursday 2/4/16 Abstract Art Abstract art depicts objects and figures in simplified, distorted, or exaggerated ways. • Color or shape can be changed or exaggerated • The subject matter does have some connection with and resemblance to the visible world of people and things. In my lectures, in terms of the two broadest categories of style, abstract art is: objective, depictive, figurative, and its representational. (Can name things) (See text glossary p. 485, p. 37) Abstract art is not synonymous with nonobjective art. There are degrees of abstraction. (Shapes are often simplified) See text glossary p. 485, p. 37 Some artworks involve highly abstracted forms, yet still retain a connection to the natural and visible world; such works are abstract and still representational. Artworks are nonrepresentational (or nonobjective) only when there is no connection at all to the natural world. In other words, when there is no recognizable subject matter. Pure abstraction = nonobjective art. Henri Matisse had an innovative and enduring influence on Modern art Topic 1: The Red Room (Harmony in Red) by Henri Matisse, a French Modern Era artist (Middle class) large oil on canvas painting, 5' 11” x 8' 1”, 190809 refer to text pp. 53, 398400, 406 Les Fauve / The Fauve Movement in Modern Art history The first 20 century art movement; in Paris the center of the western art world ~1905 – 1908 (Was Paris, now it is New York) Fauve movement was named by an art critic, who called the color ‘violent’. Les fauves means the wild beasts. saw color as autonomous, not restricted to nature’s colors; used arbitrary color abstracted subject matter (An autonomous and arbitrary are the same). “A colorist” rejected delicate brushwork + careful modeling in highlights and shadows saw themselves as successors of Paul Gauguin and Vincent van Gogh Color was used for creating an emotional expression The Red Room (Harmony in Red) Was commissioned work for Russian collector Sergei Shchukin. It was for hid dinning room and very large (6ft high, 8ft wide). Sergei Shchukin wanted the painting to be blue, so it would match his blue dinning room walls, but Henri Matisse could not stand it and painted it red. The subjects and themes that typify his oeuvre the beauty of the human body, still life subjects, and domestic interiors What were Matisse’s artistic intentions? “What I dream of is an art of balance, of purity and serenity devoid of troubling or depressing subject matter, a soothing, calming influence on the mind, rather like a good armchair which provides relaxation from physical fatigue” – Henri Matisse, French artist, 186919 He believed “It lead him,” “It called him”. (“It” being art). As if he had no choice. text pp. 53, 398400, 406 (Use extra paper as needed) Topic 2: Pablo Picasso had an innovative and enduring influence on Modern art Picasso was known for many styles: 1 With Cubism, subjects are flattened into planes and geometric facets, and then reassembled to create a striking abstract picture. The artists were representing multiple viewpoints. This is an intellectual / theoretical approach to making pictures. It reinvented pictorial space. It confused pictorial faces. Topic 3: Les Demoiselles d'Avignon by Pablo Picasso, during the Modern Era a landmark Cubistic painting / “set the stage for Cubism” large oil on canvas painting, 8' x 7'8"; 1907 refer to text pp. 401408, 2829 Picasso painted his women like an emotional reflection (how he felt about them). Pictorial space Influenced by “African mask” and Iberian sculptures A revolutionary painting: The established tastes in artists did not like it (Realism= did not like it). Cubism follows what Paul Cezanne started. (Use geometric fascinates to paint) Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque collaborated on developing the visual vocabulary of Cubism, working together from 1909 to 1914. (Originally Braque said it was “monstrous”) text pp. 401408, 2829 (Use extra paper as needed) Topic 4: Woo by Tony Oursler, a contemporary American artist Mixed media: Fiberglass sculpture, Sony VPL CS5 projector, DVD and player, 33 x 35 x 16inches Refer to text pages 165166 The artist: From Manhattan. His family supported him, and so he went to school in California. However, at that time/place, it was conceptual art. In 1981 he moved back to New York and became a video artist. The form: It was an object that a video was projected onto. The content: Looked at the strange relationship humans have with technology. Fine Arts 101.1 Tuesday 2/9/16 Topic 1: Expressionist Art Expressionistic art involves the distortion (sometimes for extremely passionate love, but often for uncomfortable things) of shape or color to achieve emotional intensification, to express some strong emotion or heightened psychological state. To establish a dividing line between realism and expressionism, the distortions (in expressionistic art) go beyond the point where we can accept the possibility of objects existing as the artist has represented them. Expressionistic art fits into the broad style category of: Representational, figurative, objective, depictive. Expressionistic art could also be considered a subcategory of abstract art; the difference would be that the distortions of shape or color with expressionistic art would be for the purpose of communicating a Heightened, emotional or psychological state. Examples of expressionistic artworks to clarify this distinction: The Intrigue (1890) by James Ensor: Indicative, does not look like reality. Ensor’s view on society (Made society look ugly). Portrait in Hell (1903), The Cry (1893) by Edward Munch: Shows a heightened psychological or emotional state. Echo of a Scream (1937) by David Siquieros: Looked at as a “Hero of the Revolution.” He was tired of explaining how it was to fight, so he painted it (A baby streamlining in battle). Woman I (19501952) by Willem de Kooning: (A scary looking woman) Realistic Looks like people/real world Expressionistic Heightened communication (scared), people look different (faces don’t really look pretty/ not accurate people). Topic 2: The State Hospital by Edward Kienholz, Modern Era, American artist a large, mixed media sculpture, 8' x 12' x 10', 1966 lifesize figures that are cast from life, then artistically altered http://dailyserving.com/2012/01/kienholzthesignsofthetimes/ (read) Ward 19 is a cell for "senile, psychotic" patients: Senile, psychotic is now known as Alzheimer’s dementia. First displayed in 1966, Los Angeles County Museum: Shocked many viewers. Many thought it was ugly, gruesome and upsetting. The parts of the piece were taken from an old state hospital; the smell was so bad (but also part of the expressionistic art). The people’s heads were made of fishbowls with fish swimming in them. The artist's intentions: Used the smelly mattress to show what state hospital’s could smell like. He aimed to aware viewers of the social injustices of the world. The night view: He had worked a night shift when he was in college and saw parents put their kid into a state hospital for being a trouble maker. The kid then had electrotherapy and turned into a vegetable (mentally fried). In terms of style categories, this would be considered objective, abstract, and expressionistic. In terms of art historical movements, this fits into the Modern Era: Modern injustices and how society treats people with “Alzheimer’s dementia.” The model for casting the figure: His friend dying in a hospital from lung cancer was casted. Fine Arts 101.1 Thursday 2/11/16 Topic 1: Nonobjective Art Nonobjective art (nondepictive, nonrepresentational, nonfigurative, pure abstraction) Art in this style category does not attempt to portray any real object or person. •There is no recognizable subject matter. • There can be content (meaning) to some viewers. Viewers may try to find meaning from even a simple title. Abstracting all the way to "Pure Abstraction" can be viewed as a process, graduating from an abstracted image that has a connection to the visible world, removing the recognizable qualities of a subject, until one reaches a stage when there is no connection to the visible world of people and things. When there is no recognizable subject matter, (Object not reproduction of something else in nature) one has a nonrepresentational (or nonobjective) image. Pure abstraction is the same as nonobjective art. Abstraction can be considered a process. D. Judd: Minimalist Nonobjective sculpture. Subject matter with no content. Examples: Theo van Doesburg The Cow: He sketched a cow, abstracted it and simplify it more. Pure abstraction= Can not see anything/can not see a cow. Non representational. De Stijl, see text p. 428 Constantine Brancusi – Bird in Space, see text pp. 408409 A Rorschach ink blot effect: Psychologists and therapists have. It is a shape, and they ask “What do you see when you look at it?” To determine a few things. Jackson Pollock’s drip paintings: We project onto art/ nonobjective. ►In the 1980's, a nonrepresentational sculpture caused public uproar and a lengthy court battle: Public art Topic 2: Tilted Arc by Richard Serra, a Contemporary (Still alive) American artist in terms of art history, this is an example of Minimalist Sculpture a large sculpture made of CorTen steel, 12' x 120' x 2½” & 73 tons was installed at Federal Plaza, New York City from 19811989 refer to text pp. 6465, 451452 A highly controversial topic Corten steel - Once used for industrial fabrication. - Minimalists adopted it as an art material - Forms a layer of outer rust that is supposed to protect the metal from degradation Commissioned by the ArtinArchitecture division of the General Services Administration; part of the program that allocates 0.5%. More than 7,000 workers in surrounding buildings signed petitions: So many workers thought it was ugly, it was in the way, the rust was dangerous, and unsafe for security reasons. The petition was brought to court, to be removed. Some people believed that tax money should not even be spent on art. And who decides/ chooses the art to be displayed? A committee. Threedays long hearing headed by GSA and a panel of five board members: 58 people talked against it (the public), and 122 talked for it. The sculpture was defended by: The art committee. They wanted to keep it and art professionals explained how the public did not understand minimalism. One man summed up the feeling of many saying it should be relocated to a metal salvage yard… The decision: That the art was to be removed, and that the GSA would relocate it. Serra’s response: Was upset and filed a 30milliondollar lawsuit against the federal government, for copywriter, the 1 amendment, and the 5 amendment. However, the Federal government owned it so they decided they could relocate it. Sitespecific sculpture is designed for the specific location, and not another venue New York Times newspaper editorial: After the court case was shut down, the art community was stunned. The paper said, “The public has a right to say ‘no not here’.” In March of 1989: It was removed. The government still owns it today, in a metal salvage yard. text pp. 6465, 451452 (Use more paper as needed) Fine Arts 101.1 Tuesday 2/16/16 Reminders: There is no class this Thursday 2/18/16. Instead, there are additional open office hours Thursday, 12 noon 2:40pm in Honors 125C. About 60% of the test questions are from lecture and about 40% are from the text book, so read the assigned readings. 9 out of the 15 study slides are on Exam 1. Know artists, things in bold, art historical movements, style categories, and the story behind each lecture slide. Look over pages 2, 13, 15, and 17 in the class packet more information. Topic: Talk about Exam One & Take Notes Use extra paper as needed. Review the Packet material on the exam, studying, and sample questions. Exam One – Arrive on Time You must take the exam during the time & section in which you are officially enrolled. Bring your student I.D. card. You need to write your ID number on the exam material. Read the exam instructions in the Class Packet before you come to take the exam. Make sure you bring a pen or pencil, with eraser that works well. Good luck on the exam. You will have plenty of time. Stay calm and don't be nervous. Read the entire question and answer options and do not skim! Raise your hand if you have questions. Review the Course Schedule on pages 23 for when you get the answer sheet returned, and how to learn from mistakes. Answer sheets will be brought to the auditorium for only one week following the exam. Since the exams are comprehensive in terms of all the ideas and vocabulary, you need your answer sheet to determine what you might need to relearn before the next exam. There will be a class day set aside to learn from missed questions. That is your opportunity to move ahead in the semester and not repeat errors. To be eligible for the makeup exam you need a valid documented excuse. It is your responsibility to speak with me or send email correspondence as soon as possible if you miss the exam. I will send you a document about the makeup exam’s date and place. Remember: The exam covers both text and lecture materials. Review Packet information. Most everything is in the Packet: Read it! Fine Arts 101.1 Thursday 2/25/16 Reminders: Page 6 in the class packet has been revised (check blackboard and your WSU email for information). Exam 2 has now been posted on blackboard. This Tuesday: Answer sheets will be returned and we will go over the exam. Ideas and vocabulary are cumulative and comprehensive through the entire semester. Take notes and learn from errors. Topic: Film: Edvard Munch The Scream The BBC production DVD that we will view today lasts 50 minutes, the entire class time. It is part of a series called The Private Life of a Masterpiece. The Scream by Edvard Munch, a Norwegian Modern Era artist mediumlarge painting in oil, tempera and pastel on cardboard, 36” x 29”, 1893, National Gallery, Oslo refer to text p. 396397 The famous painting: The scream was an expressionistic painting; expressing pain, anxiety, and stress. A universal message of feeling. Some say the painting can emit sounds of screaming/ pain. The figure in this painting is paralyzed/ lacks ability to move because of their eternal state. Everything around the figure (the environment/landscape) is screaming. The scene was an old road looking over Oslo. It was also stolen in 1994, but later retrieved by a group of investigators. The series of works on the same theme: The Scream, is displayed next to other works Munch painted. Often the same theme: relationships with others, and the bitter conclusion of being in love. Painting can resemble a lonely world (a spiritual experience), or a man robbed of everything. The inspiration, making, and history of this painting: Much said he “felt a scream piercing nature” in his diary. This was a real experience he had, it was a terrible feeling he felt in a famous spot in Oslo. This was a place artist’s in Oslo often painted, representing the city of Oslo. From this place in Oslo, one could see a hospital women were sent to for having depression (his sister was in it), a slaughterhouse, and cemetery. It was also a spot his friend of his committed suicide. Munch projected his feelings about this spot, and his art changed the feeling of this spot. Munch suffered from sickness, insanity, and the death of his mother at a young age. While his siblings had mental illness. The reception to the work both now and then: Back then, many did not understand this work. In 1937 in Germany, the Nazi took away The Scream, from a museum. Munch felt distant from Norway, and he felt unwelcomed/ successful. Can now symbolize modern stress/ anxiety. May resemble a person’s relationship with the nature around them and the environment they live in. The biographical and historical background of Edvard Munch: Munch often repainted his paintings, and reworked The Scream multiple times, changing little things each time. Fine Arts 101.1 Tuesday 3/22/16 Announcements: Print new lecture slides, on blackboard. Do the textbook readings which are in the updated syllabus on blackboard. There is no class Tuesday the 29 . th Topic: Chapter 12 Ancient Empires/Gods Pay attention to religion, culture, and monuments These empires were united by the Mediterranean Polytheism many gods Monotheism one god Ancient Egypt: They were polytheistic Had exchanges/ personal relationships with gods They were superstition (reason for some religious acts) Narmer Palette: Was used for rituals and religion (Narmer was the king, and the palette was used in sacrifice) Hierarchy of scale: Who ever is largest, is also most important Ground line: Shows perspective (depth, foreground, background) Gods: were anthropomorphic (presented as animals or humans) Viewer? The gods (statues were made to be viewed by the gods) The Amarna Revolution: Gods were both male and female. The sun god was a woman and extremely vibrant. Color made things more lifelike. Symmetry is beauty. King Tut: buried in gold, for afterlife. Greek art: Polytheistic (12 main gods) Romans had the same gods as Greeks The Geometric Period: Grave/ funeral scenes on pottery. Animals in profile. The Archaic period: Statues were influenced by the Egyptian world. Nudity: often men; a god, hero, or warrior Doric and Iconic columns: had different base, shaft, and capital. Often Doric was for men, and Iconic was for women The Early Classical Period: had contrapposto (shifting weight) Sculptures with stumps indicated that they were copies. Fine Arts 101.1 Thursday 3/24/16 Topic: Chapter 12 Ancient Empires/Gods Greek art: Contrapposto: shifting weight (“S” shape) The Late Classical Period: All about movement in sculptures The Hellenistic Period: About emotions. Theatrical with increased drama Greeks: Democracy Roman: Romans: Republic and later had an emperor The Etruscans: The people before the Romans. They had temples that only had one door/ entry, with statues on the roof. The Religion was he same: polytheistic The Roman Republic: Often sculptures were naturalistic Fresco: Painted plastic in wall The Roman Empire: Had many concrete buildings with marble on the exterior. The Colosseum used Greek columns. Arches were made when there was a battle victory. Usually to honor the emperor. Oculus: Opening eye in building. (Example: The Pantheon) Someone wearing a toga in an alter showed they were important. (Example: Imperial Procession) Interior of the synagogue: (Example of fresco) Biblical figures are in togas. Comes from the Hebrew bible, read left to right. Continuous narration is like a comic strip, showing actions The Classical World: Column of Trajan is a battle victory column. It shows a story from the base of the column to the top. Fine Arts 101.1 Tuesday 3/1/16 Reminders: Know the information from the questions you got wrong on Exam 1, you will need to know the vocabulary for exam 2. Topic: Vietnam Veterans Memorial designed by Maya Ying Lin, 198183 Washington, D.C., large sculpture of black granite, each wing 246 feet long (492' total) refer to text pp. 1617 and the excerpt from "Maya Lin: A Strong Clear Vision" Ms. Lin was a 21 year old student at the time she won the competition (winning over some 1400 other entrees). As you watch the film, imagine yourself in her place, amongst the storm of controversy. Try also to put yourself in the shoes of the veterans against the memorial, those who served their country fighting in a nasty and bloody war, then were scorned and rebuffed upon their return home. The film: "Maya Lin: A Strong Clear Vision" Film maker: Freida Lee Mock The original was 1 hour 30 minutes. I've cut it to fit into our class time. Take notes; pay particular attention to: The history of the competition for the memorial and Ms. Lin's entry: There was a competition put in place to decide what artist and what design would be chosen for the Vietnam veterans memorial. How Ms Lin came to enter it: Maya Lin was a student at Yale when she entered the competition. Lin wanted the design to be about the people and not the politics. She wanted it to be about honesty, pain, and acceptance. Her ideas when she visited the site for the proposed memorial: She went to Washington DC, to look around at the landscape. Then she came up with a design that would be very long and come out of the earth. She wanted one side to face the Washington monument, and the other to face the Lincoln memorial. Who were the jurors (in terms of profession): The jurors were landscape architects, structural architects, experts on urban development and landscape, and sculptors. Note the protest and controversy over Lin's design: Many jurors and even veterans did not like the design at first. Some said it was going to be an “unconventional” memorial. “A black whole,” “Sorrow or shame…” That “Vietnam veterans hated it.” Said it was “a negative political statement.” “A black scar” (Which was said by a veteran) How did the protestors want to change Lin's memorial: Some wanted to change the wall to white, put a flagpole at the vertex of the wall, and keep the wall above ground. Others said to keep the design but add a statue. How did Lin feel about the proposed changes: She believed it ripped apart the meaning of names, and forcing two different memorials into one. What was the compromise solution: That a flag would be added to the entry of the wall, and a statue. NOTE: For her winning memorial design, Maya Lin received $20,000. Frederick Hart, a professional sculptor, received $200,000 for his realistic memorial sculpture. Fine Arts 101.1 Thursday 3/3/16 Reminders: Check your WSU email for any updates about class next week. Topic: David by Michelangelo Buonarroti, Italian Renaissance marble sculpture, ~twice lifesize, sculpture and base about 18' high; the figure alone stands ~ 13'5" sculpted 150104; Michelangelo was 26 to 29 years old now in the Academy Gallery / Accademia Galleria, Florence, Italy refer to text pp. 3132, 7475, 163, 287289, 292 Michelangelo described his creative process as: “...liberating the figure from the marble that imprisons it” The Pieta in Rome: This was another sculpture Michelangelo worked on from 1498/91500. Pieta mean “pity” in Italian, and the sculpture was a common theme. Iconography – dead Jesus in the lap of his mother. Became very famous. He carved his name into Mary’s sash because two strangers thought it was someone else’s work of art. However, Michelangelo rerated signing it, and thought he’d have hubris. The David commission: It was commissioned by a church. Before Michelangelo, two previous artists won the completion to create David, however they both did not because “there was a flaw in the marble.” Michelangelo did not even have to compete, he began to work. He was a workaholic. The subject and theme: David is holding a stone and slingshot, which is because of the biblical story of David fighting against an enemy. David became symbolic to the people. Palazzo Vecchio: Where government took place. The David was to be put there (there is a replica there now). Now in the Academy Gallery / Academia Galleria. Contrapposto The figures torso forms an Scurve, with most of the body’s weight resting on one leg. It originated with the sculpture of ancient Greece to give statues a sense of life likeness. Michelangelo’s David was influenced by Classical aesthetics, but is distinctly a Renaissance sculpture. Many Renaissance were influenced by Classical artists. Renaissance was a period of humanism (with naked sculptures). Fine Arts 101.1 Tuesday 3/8/16 Reminders: There st no class this Thursday, instead it is a day to start working on the paper that is due March 31 on blackboard. Topic: “The Met Artist Project: Past and Present” Remember that all the information on the paper is also on the Blackboard site. Review the important parts of the assignment: Research both a contemporary artist, and a historical artist. The paper must be 10001700 words (about 35 pages), double spaced. This is a narrative essay, which is like a story (for example, you can include your own experience or how you relate to the work). Information on literacy sources: JSTOR is a good place for finding peer reviewed sources (Try browsing “art bulletin” and search for artists). You need 5 sources (both hard copies and online papers). MLA: Need both in text citation, (name of author, page number), and work cited page.
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'