Popular in Introductory Sociology
Popular in Sociology
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Young on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 100 at Central Michigan University taught by Elizabeth Whitaker in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 01/21/16
Sociology 01/22/2016 ▯ Where did Sociology come from? ▯ The Science of Sociology: As an academic discipline th o Took root in 18 century in Europe (1700’s) o Recognized as “Sociology” in 19 century (1800’s) ▯ The 18 century: Immense social change o Industrial revolution (approx.. 1750) and accompanying urbanization o Political revolutions – People have inalienable rights? Interesting. ▯ Shift in what people thought was the correct “Way of Knowing”: The beginning of the Enlightenment & Enlightenment Thinking – o Belief that reason and human rationality to create understanding o Search for the practical, useful knowledge as the power to control nature (Movement away from traditional and religious explanations for life and society. No more “It’s God’s Plan” as the reason why some people have/some have not, some rule and some are ruled) ▯ The Enlightenment brought: Belief in Modern Science to Solve Problems ▯ So… We have immense change and therefore things we really want to understand about the social world We have a new sense of the appropriate way to understand things ▯ ▯ Positivism – Using the exact Scientific Method like what is used in Physics ▯ Auguste Comte (Frenchman)- gave the name sociology ▯ “We can use the methods of the natural sciences to study social life and solve social problems.” ▯ ▯ Two Sociologists so far: ▯ Mills ▯ Comte ▯ ▯ Types of Sociological: Macro – the big pictures, large-scale social processes, such as social stability and change Micro – small scale interactions between individuals, such as conversation or group dynamics Critically – with the perception that some findings/outcome/issues are good and some are bad. There may be a need to change Non-critically – just to report, with no concern or necessarily opinion about whether things are good or bad. You just want to see what ‘is’ With post-modern perspectives – there is no real good or bad. The ideas of good and bad are themselves product of society and they change over time. Actions can only be understood through the lens of the actor ▯ Types of Theory: Formal – more like a lens, can be used to organize, interpret understand any topic Substantive – specific to the topic under examination ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯
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