Week 1 Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by BMJWatson on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SP 101 at Ball State University taught by Pak in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see Beginning Spanish 1 in Foreign Language at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 01/21/16
BMJWatson Study Soup SP 101 Week 1 Notes Sentence Structure -Subject, Verb, Object (SVO) -Ex: Mi hermano está leyendo un libro (My brother is reading a book) -Subject (Mi hermano), Verb (está leyendo), Object (un libro) -Also works as “Un libro está leyendo my hermano” (SVO satisfied) -Spanish sentence structure places noun before adjective. This is backwards from English where the adjective comes first -Ex: “The red door” would be rearranged to “The door red” in Spanish -Ex: Jorge tiene un traje gris. (Jorge own a gray suit) [SVO Satisfied] Forms of the verb “Ser” Yo soy I am You are (Informal) Tú eres Usted es You are (polite) He/she is Él/ella es Nosotros/as somos We are Vosotros/as sois You are (informal, plural) Ustedes son You are (polite plural) Ellos/ellas son They are -Ser = to be -Used for conjugation of sentences (implying the pronoun of a sentence) -Example: “Yo soy aquí” = “Soy aqui” (You are here) because “soy” is only used with “yo” Word Endings Masculine/Feminine Endings -Spanish words have genders assigned to them that affect the forms of the words around the -Endings: -o = masculine; -a = feminine -Ex: Nuevo (masculine) and Nuev a (feminine) -Additional feminine endings: -ción, -dad, and –sión -Ex: Madrid es cidad muy bonita Plural -Masculine/Feminine = add –s -Ex: Veo = Vejos, Vea = Vejas -Ending in a consonant, -e, and –ista = -es or –istas -Ex: Azul = Azules, Joven = Jóvenes, Pesimista = Pesimistas -Ending in –z: -ces -Ex: Lápz= Lápices BMJWatson Study Soup Adjective/Noun Agreement -Adjective ending and noun endings are the same -Masculine/Feminine -All endings change to match gender of subject -Ex: Ua camis anegr a -Ending –a signifies subject is female -Plural -Plural nouns make adjective plural -Ex: Mis zapatos de teninegros son viejos (My tennis shoes are black and old) -Zapatos de tenis (noun) is plural which makes negro and viejo (adjectives) plural as well Negation -Signifies a negative part of sentence (a verb is NOT happening or an adjective is NOT true) -“no” inserted before verb -Ex: Las blusano son bonita. (The blouse isn’t pretty)
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