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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Bestor on Thursday January 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views.
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Date Created: 01/21/16
1/20/15 Chapter 1: 1790, over 100,000 black people in NC. 4060% of households own slaves orange county was the lowest % of households that own slaves (10%) Primary industries worked for tobacco, rice, grains and naval stores (draining pine trees for sap) 1715, first slave codes were established in NC. rules for slaves and black people 1773, william hooped drafted bill. bill was shot down. From Wilmington. Chapter 2: NC has reputation for slave fugitives. runaways. hid in swamps. theft was most predominant form of resistance small rations of food day to day ways of rebellion/resistance transmission of culture was more due to oral means. they couldn’t read or write well use of native americans to fight black rebellions. divide and conquer strategy allows to rule without competition before great awakening they didn’t want slaves to be baptized Chapter 3: Blacks fought on both sides of revolutionary war strong network from Maryland to GA that kept them informed. slave grape vine John Provi enlisted with the British army slave tax was repealed in 1790 during american revolution the british promised blacks freedom who fought on the british side cornwallis executed his troops in the carolinas who were slacking or slugging quakers were important in NC history. Gilford Quaker 1802, slave construction . attacked Elizabeth city jail Important things out of all 3 chapters: Establishing blacks were here very early. Blacks were here before the Irish distribution of slaves in NC, concentrated in east free blacks could vote until the constitution quaker population was key first blacks in north Carolina were from west indies and spoke english ban on importing slaves from the Congo because they were too difficult to control Fenn Article: Wealthy whites were involved in tradition, not the poor whites John Kudering was only in NC. black performers created song to abuse poor whites certain slaves didn’t want to participate because they thought they were better than other slaves slave owners wanted to have their slaves participate so it could boost their morality. they took it as a time to run away, they had different intentions crimes were more parted that time of year. they ran away and came back slaves increased mobility in that time of year, they were allowed to visit family used white masks and gloves and powdered faces which took away the race factor, and made it a world of uncertainty white women would compete with dancers Wilmington/African Culture: 10:00 curfew slaves and to wear badges which meant free african american or slave after 1812 they had separate churches free slaves had to pay taxes on their wives and children most slaves had their children before age 19; family/repetitive names marriage was very important to slaves; something significant they could hold onto How do we tie NC to something bigger than NC interracial relationships exploitation of labortask/quota system slaves continued to defy the new ordinances distribution of slaves for agricultural use. Slaves located in South. Rice was important in South East. Cash Crops. Slaves were always at risk, even if they were free, with the risk of having to come back Stone owner rebellion changes NC law, shows how outside of South Carolina, the water shed event, was affected so much, many NC laws were changed 2/10/15 History of African Americans North Carolina How would you respond to these questions? 1. “Mr. Bogus said the civil war had nothing to do with slavery, I am disappointed and shocked. Blacks got their freedom from results of war. He says reconstruction followed it was a time of tragedy and corruption and wild land reform schemes. At last the south was redeemed and reconstruction ended and great progress followed in south while blacks fell backwards.” • Slavery was the cause of the war says Lincoln, commander of chief • Set up for failure. Black society was about black corruption, however some say democrats said that they didn’t want blacks to vote • White dominance in business and life • Institutions that they formed (Teachers association) showed their power and their organization • Black republicans cooperated with white republicans and wanted to advance the improvements of school. • Black religious, education and industrial groups. There was a black voice/culture • No black domination under representation • 1877 was the end of reconstruction from the civil war 2. Blacks in the West Raferd Logan • Wrote the Betrayal of the Negros 1877 • Nayer period it the worst period for African Americans • African Americans were still in public office 3. “Says North Carolina is irrelevant.” How would you reply to them when they say this? • African Americans in NC wanted to have a voice because they wanted a future • Conventions gathering together • Valued education and rose up because they wanted equal and justice rights • Freedom they got was through education, family, and religion • James H. Harris helped organize Union League. Became president • NC was part of larger religious movement with churches forming • African Americans were going into business, while some were still in public office 1 Social Class • Some blacks had political power • Populous party farmers (bad shape in 1890’s) and workers • Black farmers need to be together to fight for their economic interest • Fusion tactic democratic party is controlling NC. Racist demo party of 1890’s. Republicans and populous are OUT. Populous and republicans come together and elect a governor. 1896fusion. • African Americans were not for Mitt Romney • Class is important, but racial hatred keeps people apart. We see it in our own time as well as Populous times • Separate schools on basis of race creating imperial schools 5. Journal Article • Wyatt Outlaw. Was a politician who was the son of the 6th wealthiest white man. • His father was progressive and taught blacks how to read and write • Hyper mentality cruelty of the KKK • Tourgay a novelist who came south who experienced this first hand. • He recorded KKK activity, one of the first. Able to place it with Wyatt Outlaw. • Wyatt was a union solider. One of 200,000 blacks to fight for the union • Josiah Turner anti republican. part of conservative party 1 This was a radical anti african terrorist group that formed after the civil war? The KKK 1. Plessy Vs. Ferguson was the supreme court case that established separate but equal. 2. James H. Harris was the most prominent black figure of the 1850 who helped organize the republican party 3. What democratic candidate led a campaign on white supremacy in 1898? Charles Ayecock 4. Coleman manufacturing is the nations first black owned textile mill 5. Lauren Clay Coleman was one of the souths most successful entrepreneurs 6. After the Plessy vs Ferguson, Jim Crow laws became present over NC 7. Lincoln was the president during the civil war 8. Andrew Johnson was the president during the early part of the reconstruction 9. The emancipation what proclamation freed the slaves 10. Which battle/incident started the Civil War? Fort Sumter 3/31/15 Important events of the Civil Rights Movement in depth • I Have a Dream MLK 1963 • Montgomery Bus Boycott 19551956 • Rosa Parks, MLK • Freedom Riders • Journey of Reconciliation 1947 • NCAAp 19091910 • SITINS 1960 • Malcolm X is more of a presence in ‘64’65. Then assassinated in ’65 • Selma/Voting Rights Act 1965. Has been extended/amended/gutted by supreme court recently • Freedom Summer 1964 • Birmingham, 1963 • Brown Vs. Board of Education • Degradation Armed Forces Truman 1948 He was not a perfect democrat. He loaded this group with a lot of liberals. He was from Missouri, the very most southern part of it. • Little Rock 1957 9 african american students go to central high in Arkansas. Ernest green 1958 was first to graduate from the high school. • Civil Rights Organizations • NAACP Big race riot in 1908 in Springfield, Illinois, where Lincoln was from. They spent most of their time talking to the judicial branch. Fighting for civil rights in the courts, which they had minor victories. In 1938, Gaines Case is allowed for Missouri school. U.S supreme court says they can’t have separate law schools. They had two cases in 1950 which supported their opinions. The 1954 case which is Brown Vs. Board education. U.S supreme court strikes down separate but equal schools • SNCC Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. • SCLC Southern Christian Leadership Conference. MLK was the one behind it. • CORE Formed after the NAACP organization. Congress of Racial Equality. Born in 1942. CORE is behind the journey of reconciliation and later is behind the freedom rides. JOR did not get a lot of press coverage. In 1960 there was another case, the bus facilities/waiting rooms also became an issue. James Farmer led CORE in the early 60’s. •
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