Psychology 124 Introduction Notes
Psychology 124 Introduction Notes PSY 124 - 03
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Layne Franklin on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 124 - 03 at University of Indianapolis taught by Jordan Sparks Waldron in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Fndtns/Psyc Science I:Methods in Psychlogy at University of Indianapolis.
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Date Created: 01/22/16
Psychology 124 Introduction Notes What is psychology? Psychology is the study of mind and behavior. There are multiple levels of analysis. Psychological answers are not simplistic. Epistemology is the way we know things. Ways we know things: Rationalism (“a priori” method) Tradition (“method of tenacity”) Authority Intuition Empiricism Psychology is a science Public verification Protects against fraud Allows for self-correction Allows for replication to extend work Solvable problems (not the metaphysical) Origins of Psychology Wilhelm Wundt Credited for launching psychology as a laboratory science Known as the Structuralism Behaviorism Key Players: Pavlov, Watson, Skinner Goal: Uncover laws of learning through focus on observable behaviors that are outside the organism Human mind is a “black box” Deemphasize everything that cannot be publicly observed (thoughts, feelings, mental events) Pavlov Classical Conditioning Pavlov’s dogs Watson Little Albert Stimulus Generalization Skinner Operant Conditioning, Radical Behaviorism Problems: total annihilation of focus on thoughts, interpretations Strengths: focus on objective verification Psychoanalysis Key Players: Freud, Jung Goal: Understand how unconscious experiences and childhood issues impact behaviors Influences on behavior are unconscious drives Sexuality, aggression Strengths: Some recognition of how unconscious forces may influence behavior Weakness: Hard to falsify Cognitivism Key Players: Piaget, Neisser Goal: Understand how mental processes affect behavior Interpretation matters! Strengths: Applications to language, problem-solving, intelligence, memory Great Debates in Psychology Nature vs. Nurture Empiricism vs. Nativism Charles Darwin Genes matter, but they aren’t everything (false dichotomy)
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