Introduction to Philosophy and Ethics (Week 2)
Introduction to Philosophy and Ethics (Week 2) PHL 2008
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Thomas nelson on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHL 2008 at High Point University taught by Thaddeus M. Ostrowski in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see Social Ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at High Point University.
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Date Created: 01/22/16
Thomas Nelson Ethics – Investigation of best way to live o traditionally regarded as branch of philosophy Social Ethics – Investigation of best way to live together Philosophy – Love of wisdom o Philia – Greek word for friendship (love) o Sophia – Greek word for wisdom 3 traditional branches of philosophy o Metaphysics (the true) o Ethics (the good) o Aesthetics (the beautiful) Involves examining one’s own beliefs and those of others to see if they withstand scrutiny o People do it together with friends, in dialogue with one another More about dialogue than debate o In a debate, the purpose is to win o In a dialogue, the purpose is to deepen your understanding (winwin) Simple diagram of moral action – helps introduce distinction in ways of thinking about ethics Motive → Act → Consequences o Motive shows true character of person o Act tells us about the rules and morality Consequentialists – Theories/theorists who place emphasis on outcome of act o John Stuart Mill and his theory Utilitarianism (the ends justify the means) NonConsequentialists – Focus on motive and act o Immanuel Kant and his theory (Never lie, no matter what) Teleology – That for the sake of which something is done o All human action is purposeful; done with some end/goal in mind o Determine what is right and wrong by referring to or examining end/goal o Based on Greek root “telos,” which means “end,” “goal,” or “purpose” o Ex: Catholicism and sex → No contraception → Purpose of sex is to consummate marriage and procreation Deontology – Determines what is right and wrong based on whether or not an action is in conformity with our duty o One should always do one’s duty, regardless of outcome (never lie, steal, or murder, no matter how good outcome) o Based on Greek root “deon,” which means “duty” Ancient Greek philosophy o S ocrates (469399 BC) o P lato (427347 BC) Thomas Nelson o A ristotle (384322 BC) – Mentored Alexander the Great
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