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Introduction to Philosophy and Ethics (Week 2)

by: Thomas nelson

Introduction to Philosophy and Ethics (Week 2) PHL 2008

Marketplace > High Point University > PHIL-Philosophy > PHL 2008 > Introduction to Philosophy and Ethics Week 2
Thomas nelson

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About this Document

These notes cover all of our notes up until January 20, 2016
Social Ethics
Thaddeus M. Ostrowski
Class Notes
Philosophy 2008-01: Social Ethics




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Thomas nelson on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHL 2008 at High Point University taught by Thaddeus M. Ostrowski in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see Social Ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at High Point University.


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Date Created: 01/22/16
Thomas Nelson  Ethics – Investigation of best way to live o traditionally regarded as branch of philosophy  Social Ethics – Investigation of best way to live together  Philosophy – Love of wisdom o Philia – Greek word for friendship (love) o Sophia – Greek word for wisdom  3 traditional branches of philosophy o Metaphysics (the true) o Ethics (the good) o Aesthetics (the beautiful)  Involves examining one’s own beliefs and those of others to see if they withstand  scrutiny o People do it together with friends, in dialogue with one another  More about dialogue than debate o In a debate, the purpose is to win o In a dialogue, the purpose is to deepen your understanding (win­win)  Simple diagram of moral action – helps introduce distinction in ways of thinking about  ethics Motive → Act → Consequences o Motive shows true character of person o Act tells us about the rules and morality  Consequentialists – Theories/theorists who place emphasis on outcome of act o John Stuart Mill and his theory Utilitarianism (the ends justify the means)  Non­Consequentialists – Focus on motive and act o Immanuel Kant and his theory (Never lie, no matter what)  Teleology – That for the sake of which something is done o All human action is purposeful; done with some end/goal in mind o Determine what is right and wrong by referring to or examining end/goal o Based on Greek root “telos,” which means “end,” “goal,” or “purpose” o Ex: Catholicism and sex → No contraception → Purpose of sex is to consummate  marriage and procreation   Deontology – Determines what is right and wrong based on whether or not an action is in conformity with our duty o One should always do one’s duty, regardless of outcome (never lie, steal, or  murder, no matter how good outcome) o Based on Greek root “deon,” which means “duty”  Ancient Greek philosophy o S ocrates (469­399 BC) o P lato (427­347 BC) Thomas Nelson o A ristotle (384­322 BC) – Mentored Alexander the Great 


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