Intro to Social Work: Chapter 2 Lecture Notes
Intro to Social Work: Chapter 2 Lecture Notes Sowo 2000
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emilee Tru on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sowo 2000 at Auburn University taught by in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Introduction to social work in Social Work at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 01/22/16
Social work as a profession and career Lecture Social work vs. Psychology Similarities Practice professions At a graduate level, both are trained to provide psychotherapy Both may work in the same setting with the same client providing the same services In some cases, both can diagnose Differences Psychology focuses on internal issues as the source of problems while SW focuses on the person within the environment Psychology focuses on the individual as the target of the interventions while SW includes the individual and those in his/her environment Psychology administer and interpret psychological tests while SW don’t because not trained In some states psychologist can prescribe meds, SW can’t Clinical practice often requires a PhD. For psychologist while SW usually requires a MSW. In some states a BSW. Social work vs. Sociology Similarities Both are interested in the pattern of behaviors in people Differences Sociology is not a practice profession. SW is a practice profession Sociology is a social science that considers the population in the context of the community. While social work requires a wide variety of skills, the most basic skill all social workers must master the ability counsel clients effectively. The second most important skill is the ability to interact effectively with other groups and professionals in the area. Social workers must maintain an accurate perception of their own professional strengths and weaknesses. Generalist approach in training BSW programs are required to train their students in a generalist social work practice. MSW programs usually require students to select and study an area of specialization, such as family therapy, administration, corrections, and clinical social work. Problem solving steps: 1. Engagement 2. Assessment 3. Intervention or action 4. Evaluation Three levels of SW practice Micro working on a one on one basis with an individual Mezzo working with families and other small groups Macro working with organizations and communities or seeking changes in statures and social policies Casework/Case Management Helping individuals on a one on one basis to resolve personal and social problems What level of social work practice is this? Micro Provided in nearly every social welfare agency Encompasses a wide variety of activities o Counseling troubled youth o Connecting unemployed individuals to opportunities for education, training, and employment o Placing a child in foster care o Discharging patients from the hospital to a nursing home o Working as a probation officer o Working on a interdisciplinary team at an impatient psychiatric hospital o Connecting clients to community resources to satisfy unmet needs o Advocating for a client with their insurance provider Group work A method of social work which helps individual to enhance their social functioning through purposeful group experiences, and to cope more effectively with their personal, group or community problems. Group therapy Group psychotherapy or group therapy is a form of psychotherapy in which one or more therapists threat a small group of clients together as a group. Substance abuse, major depression, terminal illness, victims of rape, parenting, anger, eating disorders Advantages Helper therapy principle Group pressure for effective change Efficient with times and resources Family Therapy Group therapy aimed at helping families improve their communication, interactions, behavior, and emotional problems. What area of practice is this? Parent – child Marital conflict Extended family Community organization Stimulate and assist the local community to evaluate, plan, and coordinate efforts to provide for the community’s health, welfare, and recreation needs. Social workers working in this area of practice act as a catalyst in stimulating and encouraging community action Administration/Management Social workers engaged in administrative practice are typically directing the overall program of a social service agency. Setting agency and program objectives Analyzing social conditions in the community Making decisions related to what services will be provided Managing personnel Administering financial aspects of the organization Monitoring progress towards organizational goals Adapting the organization to improve effectiveness and efficiency Work to influence social policy and change into social services Strength’s Perspective Why is it important to identify a client’s strengths? Empower the client to find their own strengths 5 Principles that guide the strengths perspective 1. Every individual, group, family, and community has strengths 2. Trauma and abuse, illness and struggle may be injurious, but they may also be sources of challenge and opportunity. 3. Assume that you do not know the upper limits of the capacity to grow and change and take individual, group, and community aspirations seriously 4. We best serve clients by collaborating with them 5. Every environment is full of resources Major benefit of tis approach is the focus on resources and assets that already exist and empower the client to use those to confront their challenges. Know yourself first Social workers with a high level of self awareness are more effective in their role with clients Remember: the ability to effectively counsel a client is a key skill needed to be competent social worker!
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