Media and Psychology Chapter One Notes
Media and Psychology Chapter One Notes PSY 124 - 03
Popular in Fndtns/Psyc Science I:Methods
Popular in Psychlogy
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Layne Franklin on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 124 - 03 at University of Indianapolis taught by Jordan Sparks Waldron in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see Fndtns/Psyc Science I:Methods in Psychlogy at University of Indianapolis.
Reviews for Media and Psychology Chapter One Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/22/16
Media and Psychology Chapter One Notes Marriage- legal contract signed by a couple residing in that state. Regulates their economic and sexual relationships. Elements of Marriage Legal contract Emotional relationship Sexual monogamy Legal responsibility for children Announcement/Ceremony Benefits of Marriage and Liability of Singlehood Health-spouses have fewer hospital admissions, sick less often, recovers from surgery quickly. Singles are hospitalized more frequently. Longevity- Spouses live longer than singles. Singles die sooner than married couples. Money- Spouses have more money than singles. Singles have less money. Happiness-Spouses are happier than singles. Singles tend to be less happy than married couples. Sexual Satisfaction-Married couples tend to have a happier sex life emotionally and physically than singles. Lower Expenses-Two people can live more cheaply than one person. Cost is greater for singles. Types of Marriage • Polygamy: Involves more than two spouses • Polygyny: One husband and two or more wives • Polyandry: One wife and two or more husbands • Polyamory: Multiple emotional and sexual partners - May have an open relationship • Pantagamy: Group marriage Family Group of two or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption • Civil union: Legal significance in terms of rights and privileges given to pair-bonded relationships • Domestic partnership: Emotionally and financially interdependent individuals who live together - Given official recognition by a city or corporation so as to receive partner benefits Types of Families • Group of two or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption • Civil union: Legal significance in terms of rights and privileges given to pair-bonded relationships • Domestic partnership: Emotionally and financially interdependent individuals who live together - Given official recognition by a city or corporation so as to receive partner benefits • Traditional family: Two-parent nuclear family with the husband as breadwinner and wife as homemaker • Modern family: Dual-earner family • Postmodern family: Emphasizes that a healthy family need not be heterosexual or have two parents • Binuclear family: Members live in two households • Blended family: Two individuals marry and at least one of them brings a child or children from a previous relationship or marriage • Extended family: Includes nuclear family and other relatives Industrialization • Parents worked away from home • Family was not a self-sufficient unit • Employers determined place of work • Urbanization occurred • Mobility increased, children became economic liabilities • Led to the rise of individualism and demise of familism • Familism: Decisions taken with the family's best interests in mind Changes in the Last 65 Years • Individuals remain single or child free • Changes in gender roles have occured • People are open about their sexuality and relationships • Less stigma is associated with divorce • Children are free to pursue their interests • Same-sex marriages are legalized • Relationships are sustained with the help technology Marriage-Resilience Perspective • Changes in the institution of marriage are not in the decline • Changes do not have negative effects Theoretical Framework • Set of interrelated principles designed to: • Explain a particular phenomenon • Provide a point of view Marriage-Resilience Perspective • Changes in the institution of marriage are not in the decline • Changes do not have negative effects Structure-Function Framework • Functionalists view of the familyy contribute to the larger society • Institution with values, norms, and activities meant to provide stability for the society • Functions of families • Replenish society with socialized members • Promote emotional stability of spouses • Provide economic support • Physical care • Regulate sexual behaviour • Status placement • Social control Conflict Framework • Views individuals in relationships to be competing for resources • Regards conflict to be necessary for the change and growth of individuals, marriages, and families • Helps understand choices with regard to mate selection and jealousy Symbolic Interaction Framework • Views marriage and families as symbolic worlds • Members give meaning to each other’s behavior • Definition of a situation will affect subsequent interactions • One’s self-image is the reflection of the way others act toward them • Family members hold up social mirrors for one another • Self-fulfilling prophecy • Predictability of behavior affects subsequent behavior Family Systems Framework • Views family as a unit that develops norms of interaction • Each member is part of the system • Boundaries: • Define the individual and the group • Separate one system or subsystem from another • Members have respective roles • Individuals can share or alternate between roles Family systems may be open or closed Feminist Framework • Views family as a unit that develops norms of interaction • Each member is part of the system • Boundaries: • Define the individual and the group • Separate one system or subsystem from another • Members have respective roles • Individuals can share or alternate between roles Facts About Choices in Relationships • Not making a decision is a decision by default • Action must follow a choice • Old choice need not be defended • Position has to be reversed and new choices must be made • Choices involve trade-offs • View of the event determines its effect Steps in the Research Process • Identify the topic or focus of research • Review the literature • Develop hypotheses • Hypothesis: Suggested explanation for a phenomenon • Decide on type of study and method of data collection • Cross-sectional study: Studying the whole population at one time • Nonresponse on surveys • Discrepancy between attitudes and behaviors • Research reflects information provided by volunteers Other Research Processes Trends in Marriage and Family • Marriage remains a dominant choice • Individuals delay marriage in order to complete their education and become economically independent • Legalization of same-sex marriage • Traditional marriage education programs will be modified to include same-sex partners
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'