New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 1 Notes

Star Star Star Star Star
1 review
by: Kate Lastrapes

Week 1 Notes Phil 1305

Kate Lastrapes
Texas State
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Philosophy and Critical Thinking

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Philosophy and Critical Thinking notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

Argument structure
Philosophy and Critical Thinking
Dr. Geuras
Class Notes




Star Star Star Star Star
1 review
Star Star Star Star Star
"Please tell me you're going to be posting these awesome notes every week.."
Miss Christopher Anderson

Popular in Philosophy and Critical Thinking

Popular in PHIL-Philosophy

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kate Lastrapes on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Phil 1305 at Texas State University taught by Dr. Geuras in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Philosophy and Critical Thinking in PHIL-Philosophy at Texas State University.

Similar to Phil 1305 at Texas State


Reviews for Week 1 Notes

Star Star Star Star Star

Please tell me you're going to be posting these awesome notes every week..

-Miss Christopher Anderson


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/22/16
Kate Lastrapes PHIL1305-251 Friday, January 22, 2016 Argument Structure and Pre-socratic Philosophers Thales & Anaximander - Theorized on the four elements that make up the world • Water (Liquids) • Earth (Solids) • Air (Gases) • Fire (Energy) - Thales concluded that since all things can be turned into a liquid state that the basis of all things was Water Thales created this theory. Anaximander expounded on it and brought the conclusion into question. He concluded that the base of all things was Matter Argument Form - Definition: An argument is a group of statements that are backed with evidence to support and idea to be true. - Arguments have three main parts: • Premise: "Since X..." • Sub-premise: "'X' which is supported by Y" • Conclusion: "Therefore...Z" - A Circular Argument is a premise that concludes itself. • "Today is Friday" "Therefore, today is Friday." Deductive and Inductive Arguments - Deductive Argument is an argument where in if the premise is true then the conclusion is unavoidable. • "All US senators are 35 years or older" (premise) • "John Morgan is a US senator" (secondary premise) • "John Morgan is 35 years or older" (conclusion) 1 Kate Lastrapes PHIL1305-251 Friday, January 22, 2016 - Inductive Argument is a logical leap from premise to conclusion. • "Bernie Sanders is a popular Democratic Senator" (premise) • "He is also charming and articulate" (secondary premise) • "Therefore, they are likely to choose Bernie Sanders as their presidential candidate." (Conclusion) Code of Conduct: an ethical standard 1. Fallibility Principle: accepting that your argument might not be the correct one 2. Truth-seeking Principle: always looking for the most truthful and accurate conclusion 3. Clarity Principle: making the most clear argument possible 4. Structural Principle: part of having a clear argument is having an argument with structure 5. Burden of Proof: the inciter of the argument has the burden of backing their case with evidence 6. Charity Principle: always restate the opponents' argument to make sure it is as clear as possible 7. Relevance Principle: keep the conversation on topic 8. Acceptability Principle: use acceptable evidence 9. Sufficiency Principle: user enough evidence 10. Rebuttal Principle: providing an effective counter-argument 11. Suspension of Judgement: if there are no well supported statements in either side of the disagreement then you agree to suspend your resolution until better evidence comes to light. 12. Resolution: the agreement on the conclusion with certainty. 2


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.