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English Composition January 27th

by: Sarah Dykstra

English Composition January 27th ENGL 211C

Marketplace > Old Dominion University > ENGL 211C > English Composition January 27th
Sarah Dykstra
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About this Document

The notes from January 27th
English composition
Professor A. Caldwell
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Dykstra on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 211C at Old Dominion University taught by Professor A. Caldwell in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.

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Date Created: 01/22/16
January 27, 2016 English Composition  Logos o The rhetorical appeal that uses logic and reasoning to persuade the  audience Includes:  Hard evidence  Facts o Ideally this should be able to stand on its own o Must consider the context in which they are used  o Verify the authenticity of facts is best course of  action before allowing facts to sway your logic  Statistics  o Can be incredibly useful  o Numbers are a powerful way to sway the reader o Numbers require interpretation o The writer gives you their interpretation of those  numbers o Their interpretation is bias   Surveys o Strong persuasive element o Band wagon  o People agree with the majority of the peoples  opinion  o One must consider  Testimonies o Legal cases o Did they see what actually happened? o Did they see what they wanted to see? o  Contracts  Documents  o Something with  your name and signature   Constructed arguments  Appeals to reason and common sense o Deductive reasoning/ Syllogism   Syllogism is an example of deductive  reasoning in which one uses a few vairiables to arrive at a conclusion that should be  correct:  All human beings are normal  You are a human being  Therefore, you are mortal  They can also be used illiologically  o Enthymeme   Sentence that includes both a claim and a  reason, but depends on the audiences  agreement with an assumption that is left  implicit rather than spelled out  Ex: We’d better cancel the picnic b/c its  going to rain  Ex: Flat taxes are fair b/c they treat everyone the same  Ex: I’ll buy a PC instead of a MAC b/c its  cheaper o Argument based on Degree  Arguments sometimes rely on degree to  explain and persuade.  Implicit argument is ‘more of a good thing is good, less of a bad thing is good and more  of a bad thing is bad, less of a bad thing is  bad  Than they use this argument to persuade o Analogies/ Precedent  Analogies are typically complex or extended comparisons that explain one idea by  comparing it to something else  Precedent is a past or present instance of  something that is being compared to the one  before that  No flaws in reasoning 


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