English Composition January 27th
English Composition January 27th ENGL 211C
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Dykstra on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 211C at Old Dominion University taught by Professor A. Caldwell in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.
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Date Created: 01/22/16
January 27, 2016 English Composition Logos o The rhetorical appeal that uses logic and reasoning to persuade the audience Includes: Hard evidence Facts o Ideally this should be able to stand on its own o Must consider the context in which they are used o Verify the authenticity of facts is best course of action before allowing facts to sway your logic Statistics o Can be incredibly useful o Numbers are a powerful way to sway the reader o Numbers require interpretation o The writer gives you their interpretation of those numbers o Their interpretation is bias Surveys o Strong persuasive element o Band wagon o People agree with the majority of the peoples opinion o One must consider Testimonies o Legal cases o Did they see what actually happened? o Did they see what they wanted to see? o Contracts Documents o Something with your name and signature Constructed arguments Appeals to reason and common sense o Deductive reasoning/ Syllogism Syllogism is an example of deductive reasoning in which one uses a few vairiables to arrive at a conclusion that should be correct: All human beings are normal You are a human being Therefore, you are mortal They can also be used illiologically o Enthymeme Sentence that includes both a claim and a reason, but depends on the audiences agreement with an assumption that is left implicit rather than spelled out Ex: We’d better cancel the picnic b/c its going to rain Ex: Flat taxes are fair b/c they treat everyone the same Ex: I’ll buy a PC instead of a MAC b/c its cheaper o Argument based on Degree Arguments sometimes rely on degree to explain and persuade. Implicit argument is ‘more of a good thing is good, less of a bad thing is good and more of a bad thing is bad, less of a bad thing is bad Than they use this argument to persuade o Analogies/ Precedent Analogies are typically complex or extended comparisons that explain one idea by comparing it to something else Precedent is a past or present instance of something that is being compared to the one before that No flaws in reasoning
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