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SOCI 1160, Week 3 Notes

by: Amber Levister

SOCI 1160, Week 3 Notes SOCI 1160 030

Amber Levister
GPA 4.01

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About this Document

These notes cover the past week of class (1/26/16 - 1/28/16)!
Intro to Social Problems
Mindy Stombler
Class Notes
sociology, Social problems
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amber Levister on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1160 030 at Georgia State University taught by Mindy Stombler in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Intro to Social Problems in Sociology at Georgia State University.


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Date Created: 01/22/16
Intro to Social Problems Tuesday 01/26/2016 ▯ The Power Elite continued… ▯ Why do we have a boom in prison?  1) War on Drugs o Drug convictions went up 10x 1980-1996  2) Mandatory minimum sentencing o Vendors Association lobby for minimum sentencing ▯ * ¼ black children age 14 in 1990 saw a parent go off to prison; for white children it was 1/30 ▯ Power Elite  Solutions often augment their own status  Defines what is criminal and who gets to profit from it ▯ -Prison Industrial Complex  many state prisons are currently owned and run by private companies  private prisons are in play because of the expense prisons were having on the government (private prison companies usually don’t have to pay wages, pensions, or insure their employees)  CCA (Corrections Corporation of America)= private prison company o States have to fulfill occupancy rates for the CCA in the prisons or else they are charged a penalty fee ▯ Dr. Crants went to WestPoint and was Harvard Law School educated; bought out and leased beds (profit motive to incarcerate) ▯ ▯ -Who services/ profits from prisons?  Phone services, clothing companies for the uniforms, soap companies, etc.  Bail bonds; Private parole officers  Companies use free labor to make thing ▯ ** Modern day prison industrial complex comparative to slavery: convicts are essentially being bought and sold in the market, thus relating them to slaves (especially based on the demographics of the inmates) ▯ ▯ -Who makes up the flesh of the prisons?  Black people are the bulk of prisoners in the prison industry o African Americans= 13% of U.S. population; 40% of U.S. prison population o African Americans= 4.5% have used crack; White Americans= 3.6% have used crack  in sheer numbers, 69% of crack users=white; 17%= black o 83% of people convicted of crack use are black  For the same crime, black men do 20% more time than white men ▯ Felony Disenfranchisement= the system set up to take away voting rights and essentially the voice from formerly convicted felons ▯ ▯ Thursday 1/28/16 ▯ ▯ Power, Wealth, and Income Equality ▯ ▯ -Power:  Government  Economic system: Capitalism 1) “ideal type”= private ownership of private property o (American Dream intergenerational mobility which is based on successful accumulation of property & wealth) 2) Pursuit of the maximum personal profit 3) Competition o supply & demand will lead us to a better society o i.e. better goods for lower prices; consumers win since producers are competing 4) Principle of Laissez Faire o government has a hands off approach to the market  What are the discrepancies between ideal capitalism and current capitalism? o Major corporations control the bulk of the market  monopolization  Manufactured demand- creating and controlling demands for the market/ we don’t NEED it, but the market makes us WANT it i.e. Snuggies, Fiji water  Scare us | Seduce us | Mislead us | Defend against comp.  The increasing size and power of corporations has disrupted the capitalist structure o Karl Marx- “Inevitability of Monopolies”  Shared monopoly= 4 or fewer companies that supply 50% or more of a market i.e. Light bulbs, Breakfast cereals, Cigarettes, Beer  Result of shared monopolies and megamergers  reduced comp, increased prices  loss of jobs  “Too Big To Fail”- incredible power  increase in profit  goes to CEOs, lawyers, bankers Global consequences o Increases U.S. corporate power o Shifts the assets to other countries  Thus drying up skilled & unskilled jobs in the U.S. o Our multinational corporations control the world economy; medalling in politics and other affairs of foreign nations ▯ ▯ ▯


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