FOS 2001 Man's Food: Lesson 2 - The History of Nutritional Development
FOS 2001 Man's Food: Lesson 2 - The History of Nutritional Development Fos 2001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Sherr on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Fos 2001 at University of Florida taught by Agata Olga Kowalewska in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Man's Food in Nutrition and Food Sciences at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 01/22/16
Lesson 2: The History of Nutritional Development Doctrine of Signatures What is the Doctrine of Signatures and what did it support? The concept that provided an explanation for the benefits to be gained from certain foods. This doctrine supported the idea that plants and animals were signs from the gods – the nutritional value derived from the plant or animal was directly related to the appearance of the plant or animal. In other words, appearance was related to function. Individual Contributions to Nutritional Sciences Who is commonly referred to as the father of medicine? Hippocrates Define aliment. Supports, sustains, or nourishes, such as food. What is the alimentary canal? The tube of the digestive system through which food passes, is digested, and from which wastes are eliminated. Who is considered the water of the study of metabolic balance? Sanctorius Diet Linked to Health Inadequate amounts of Vitamin C can cause what illness? Scurvy What was discovered to prevent the presence of scurvy? Fresh fruit and vegetables rich in vitamin c. Importance of Nutrients What three things are needed for optimal health and wellbeing? Carbs Fats Proteins Who defined the chemical composition of protein? Gerardus Mulder (Dutch Scientist) Nutriment Nomenclature Who coined the word vitamins and what does it mean? It was coined by Kazimierz (Casimir) Funk and it means vital to life. Benefits of Nutritional Discoveries Who is responsible for listing vitamins and minerals that are essential for optimal health and wellbeing? The Department of Agriculture (USDA), along with its sister agency Department of Health and Human Services, publishes dietary recommendations (Dietary Guidelines for Americans), listing vitamins and minerals that are essential for optimal health and wellbeing. Monitoring The World’s Food Supply What governmental agency is responsible for guarding the public’s health? Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Food Consumption throughout History
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