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Week 1 Notes (January 15-22)

by: Callisa Ruschmeyer

Week 1 Notes (January 15-22) ENGL 2250 - 001

Marketplace > Auburn University > Foreign Language > ENGL 2250 - 001 > Week 1 Notes January 15 22
Callisa Ruschmeyer
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About this Document

Topics: How to be an Active Reader? (1/15) Christopher Columbus's Letters (1/20) John Winthrop and "A Model of Christian Charity" (1/22)
American Literature before 1865
Julia Tigner
Class Notes
American Literature; Christopher Columbus; John Winthrop; A City Upon a Hill; Auburn; Tigner




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Callisa Ruschmeyer on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 2250 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Julia Tigner in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 74 views. For similar materials see American Literature before 1865 in Foreign Language at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 01/22/16
th January 15 Week of January 18 th Discussion on How to be an Active Reader (1/15) Text in Conversation  Annotate by summaries or taking notes in margin  Key words: repeated, unfamiliar  Recurring themes  Engaging text in conversation  Characteristics of characters  Lit techniques- symbolism, metaphors, allegories, allusions  Key passages --> lead to particular concepts o Know significant of particular passages  Label all passages disgusted in class Context  Know history and time period  Language differences  Objective verse personal viewpoint (most in here is primary)  Brief bio that leads whoever it is to write whatever it is  Be aware of what is going on socially and culturally Question your Position on the Work  Developed reason why you disagree  State author's viewpoint in the margins --> how it compares to own opinions  Make connections to personal life Genre  Type or classification of the work  Why did the author choose the specific genre they did o Was this the best mode to do so? How does literature humanize us?  Author's shares human experience  Empathy  Different perspectives and insights  Understand ourselves What we learn about Society  How values change and what it condemns  Social norms- how it expects you to behave  Language evolves  Challenges: social, economic, etc  What is success?  What it sees as good and evil? *** Underlying theme: How do American Literature writers grapple with the idea of freedom? Christopher Columbus’s Letters (1/20) Pages 1-9 and 26-34 in Textbook  Divine right --> Adam  Christianize Colonization and Justification  "Espaniola is a marvel"  Fertile/gold  Naked  Timorous  Lack of understanding Failures turned to Successes  Trade route  Promised sponsors gold  Columbus did not discover America because natives were already there  Also never set foot on the mainlands Important Passages to Consider from Letter to Luis Santangel…  First paragraph, page 27 o Direct parallel to Adam in the bible o God put Adam on earth to name all the creatures and CC thinks that he is similar because he takes it upon himself (the Divine Right) to name the islands and other marvels  Last paragraph on pages 28-29 o The people are marvelously timorous but generous (positive descriptions in this paragraph) o CC thinks this generosity will allow him to convert them to Christianity easier  Last paragraph, page 30-31 o In the previous paragraph the natives are receptive and generous o But, if the natives do not do what I ask, CC will destroy them  This is not a very Christian principle o Displaced the natives and bring in colonization o Forceful and violent actions --> this is how CC may have to take the native's land --> there is no neutral respect anymore *** Note how Columbus contradicts himself in these respective paragraphs  Last paragraph on pages 31-32 o Promised the crown gold but he was unable to do this o He exaggerated on the goods that he found o CC is lying about the fertility of the land and the amount of gold o Alludes to the idea that he does this because he is seeking more funding Major Concepts  How CC has Divine Right  How CC contradicts himself  How CC fabricates what is going on in the New World John Winthrop and “A Model of Christian Charity” (1/22) Pages 102-116 in Textbook Opening Notes PDF “The City Upon a Hill”  Many references to the Bible and the parables within it  Women, children, and men were on the ship over from England  Puritans were being persecuted in England  John Winthrop was appointed governor o Wanted religious people o But also the diversity of people- heterogeneous population o People of all professions  Theocracy vs. Democracy o Theocracy- directly tied in with religion; God is the head o Democracy- for the people, by the people A Model Hereof- What is it? A Model Hereof (page 103)  Winthrop wants to define what the community is going to be like before it even begins  He recognizes a community centered around God being the head  In this model, who is in the community? Everyone has his or her place to make a whole o Rich, poor; weak, strong = functioning society o Diversity is better than uniformity o Drawbacks- impedes growth; maintains status quo; give justification for social inequality The Reason Hereof (page 103, 104)  God Made men different because… 1. Good preservation of whole 2. Reliance on others 3. Community is the body and love is the glue  Moral framework of Puritans o Community, Charity, and Love o We need charity in the community because it maintains order What finally does Winthrop propose is the model society? (page 114)  "It is by mutual consent…both civil and ecclesiastical." o Church and state are the same- advocating for a theocracy  "The care of the public must oversway…estates cannot subsist in the ruin of the public." o Everyone that came on the voyage were not necessarily coming for religious reasons, so there may be times where we need to consider the public good, and not really consider the church Final Prescription (page 116)  The Final Prescription basically states what to do in order to glorify god o The Puritans must love and walk with Him o If they do not, they "shall surely perish out of the good land whither we pass over this vase sea to possess it" *More on this will be at the beginning on next week’s notes*


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