concepts week 1-2 notes
concepts week 1-2 notes ACCT 2700
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by kmb0095 on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ACCT 2700 at Auburn University taught by Robert Hollis Cochran in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see Business Law in Accounting at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 01/22/16
In the assigned video, how did the speaker say science was best described? Farting around in a dark room Pursuit of Ignorance o Scientists spend their time talking about what they don’t know o Not knowing is cool, its an opportunity to learn something o In science, we want to learn about nature (gravity, solid vs gas, proportions of forces, etc.) o Black cat in a dark room in a dark room, especially with no car o What’s interesting in science is what we don’t know o Marie Curie – “one never notices what has been done; one can only see what remains to be done…” As a scientist, one can only focus on the future Figuring out what we don’t know tells us where to look o Ignorance : James Clerk Maxwell – “thoroughly conscious ignorance is the prelude to every real advance in science” Scientific knowledge o Basically there’s 3 new scientific papers per minute Knowledge vs. ignorance o Knowledge – big subject o Ignorance is bigger o George Bernard Shaw – “Science is always wrong. It never solves a problem without creating 10 more.” o Immanuel Kant – “Every answer given on principle of experience begets a fresh question.” Chapter outline: The role of science The scientific method Other ways of knowing The organization of science The role of science o Making choices Be an informative citizen Knowledge enables you to make decision based on understanding, not on what others tell you Why study science? o Most powerful tool for understanding o Incorporates basic ideas and theories o Provides framework for new questions o Provides unparalleled view of order and symmetry of the universe and its workings Observation o History Greek philosophers Middle ages Alchemist laid the foundation for modern chem o Alchemy – just mixing stuff together, melt this blend that, to turn lead into gold o Alchemist knew lead and gold were extremely similar, knew if they succeeded they’d be extremely rich Advances in mathematics due to first discoveries o Done to help understand science Navigation: magnetism o Observation – no manipulation Just look and see what’s happening, as soon as you manipulate then it becomes experimentation Maybe difficult in astronomy, biology, geology – very observational, hard to manipulate in these fields o Experiment – manipulation o Physics/chem lab You notice that when the parchment paper of an ancient document is exposed to a certain chemical, the parchment paper becomes a different color. What have you done? Performed an experiment Which of the following is least likely to be categorized as ‘science’? determining the aesthetic properties of a famous poem Science can be thought of as the process of: asking questions, making observations, and arriving at conclusions Science affecting our daily lives is exemplified by: using DNA evidence in criminal investigations Science and objectivity o Science isn’t about opinions Keep science objective o What makes an article a ‘scientific journal’ article Peer review process – reviewed by other scientists o Example of the ‘scientific literature’ What is the purpose of peer review in science? It uses anonymous experts who determine the worthiness of a particular piece of research Quantitative analysis o What does it mean for two quantities to be proportional? o What does it mean for two quantities to be inversely proportional? Move in opposite directions o Units obey the equations o Speed (mph) = distance/time 3 The symbolic equation A=kB means which of the following? A is proportional to the cube of B Measurements presented visually in the form of a graph o Accelerating a time goes on o Galileo Which statement does not describe a falling object? Distance equals a constant multiplied by time Correct: 2 - D = a constant multiplied by (time) - The distance traveled is proportional to the time traveled multiplied by the time traveled - Time squared multiplied by a constant equals distance - If an object falls three times as long as another, it will travel nine times as far as another
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