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Lecture 1 and 2 notes

by: Braylyn Salmond

Lecture 1 and 2 notes EXSC 410 001

Braylyn Salmond
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About this Document

These notes contain content from the first two lectures
Psychology of Physical Activity
Xuemei (Mei) Sui
Class Notes




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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Braylyn Salmond on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EXSC 410 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Xuemei (Mei) Sui in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Physical Activity in Physical Education at University of South Carolina.


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Date Created: 01/22/16
Intro to Exercise Psychology  What’s the difference between Physical Activity & Exercise? Physical Activity - Any body movement produced by the contraction of muscle. Can be light, moderate or vigorous. And can lead to improved health. Exercise - Planned structured and repetitive movement, can be done to improve or maintain physical fitness: - Muscle Strength and Muscle Endurance. Psychology – The mental processes people experience and use everyday Exercise Science – All aspects of sport, fitness, recreation and rehabilitative behavior What is Exercise Psychology? (Mindset, Society, Environment) Part 1: Application of psychological principles to the promotion and maintenance of exercise. - Study of how people’s mindset affect their level of physical activity - Study of how society affects people’s level of physical activity - Study of how the environment affects people’s level of physical activity List Benefits of Physical Activity - Lower’s mortality rate - Enhances positive mood - Reduces feelings of depression - Reduces risk of high blood pressure, stroke, cancer and heart disease - Enhances brain function - Provides a way to develop better relationships and social contacts List of Barriers to Physical Activity - Lack of transportation - Lack of facilities - Whether - Sick - Don’t enjoy it - Too fat - Boring - Lack of time (Most common barrier) Barriers can either be genuine or perceived Prior to 1990 people exercised for fitness (High intensity) Post 1990 people exercise for health (Moderate Intensity) PA Guidelines for Adults - At least 150 minutes a week of moderate intensity or 75 minutes of vigorous physical activity. - Aerobic activity should be performed for at least 10 minutes and be spread throughout the week - Muscle strengthening activities that involve all major muscle groups on 2 or more days per week PA Guidelines for Older Adults - Older adults should be as physically active as their abilities and conditions allow - Should focus on maintaining and improving balance PA Guidelines for Children/Adolescents - 60 minutes or more of physical activity everyday - Aerobic (Majority of physical activity - Muscle Strengthening (At least 3 days per week) - Bone Strengthening (At least 3 days per week) Lecture 2 (1-14-16) Physical Activity vs Exercise - Two are used interchangeably but aren’t the same! - Physical Activity: Any bodily movement that uses energy - Exercise: Planned, structured, repetitive movements that cause improved fitness levels Four things to consider when measuring PA (Physical Activity) - Frequency (F) - Intensity (I) - Time (T) - Type (T) Types of PA (Physical Activity) - Occupational (Job related) - Lifestyle (Watching TV) - Transportation (Driving, Riding Bike, Walking) - Household/Yard (Cutting grass, Washing Dishes, Clean House) Definition Epidemiology: Study of how diseases spread and can be controlled There are 2 important assumptions in Epidemiology 1. Human diseases aren’t random 2. Human disease has casual and preventive factors Primary Goals of Epidemiology 1. Find out (Who gets the disease, when and why they get it) 2. Identify any risk factors that come along with an increased probability of disease occurrence 3. Prevent disease occurrence Example: What: Ebola Virus Who: Anyone who came in contact with the virus When: 2014 Where: West Africa Why: Animals to Humans then Human to Human PA Epidemiology? - Study of PA (Physical Activity) related behavior in a population - Fairly New - Gained popularity when evidence that PA is a major rise factor for a number of chronic diseases Five W/s of PA Epidemiology - Who exercises? - Where they exercise - When they exercise - Why they exercise - What they do when they exercise Goals of PA Epidemiology 1. Describe the distribution of PA related behavior - Who is active/inactive 2. ID factors associated with an increased probability of being active or inactive 3. Look into the tie between PA and risk of disease - Cancer, Heart Disease, Diabetes 4. Prevent Disease occurrence by modifying PA related behavior - Hardest GOAL - Encourages PA or discourages laziness


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