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SOP3004- Week 2 notes Jan 20-22nd

by: Krinza Notetaker

SOP3004- Week 2 notes Jan 20-22nd SOP3004

Marketplace > University of Florida > Psychlogy > SOP3004 > SOP3004 Week 2 notes Jan 20 22nd
Krinza Notetaker
GPA 3.6

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About this Document

These notes over lecture and textbook material for week 2!
Social Psychology
Colin Smith
Class Notes
Psychology, social, SOP3004
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Krinza Notetaker on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOP3004 at University of Florida taught by Colin Smith in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Florida.


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Date Created: 01/22/16
Social Cognition- How people select, interpret, remember and use social information to make judgements and decisions. • Automatic thinking: quick and without control (an immediate first impression—jamming on the brakes) • Controlled thinking: Effortless and deliberate (revision of first impression—slowing down bc of a car accident in the distance) **We have “autopilots” that monitor our environments, draw conclusions indirect behavior which leads us to the wrong conclusion—but we can mostly override if we are sufficiently motivated. **Our experience is that we are the pilot or the rider, but we may simply be the commentator explaining what is happening to us. Example: “Say the ink color” Green, Blue, Red. Automatic Thinking: Intro • People are very good at sizing up a new situation quickly and accurately—who is there, what is happening, what will happen • What if we took the time to really THINK about everything? we would get so tired! So we need autopilot to conserve cognitive resources. • Automatic thinking can lead us into making a lot of mistakes Schemas • Automatic thinking helps understand new situations by relating them to our prior experiences • Example : You know what to do when you go into a Subway vs. a fancy restaurant. You’re getting food at both places but at a fancy restaurant you’ll worry about what your wearing and you’ll wait for a waitress while at Subway who cares about your clothes. • Mental structures that organize our knowledge about the social world. • “fill in the gaps”, and help us understand confusing situations • They are like mental scripts that tell us how to behave in new situations, around new people, etc • Example: when we see a cat, we rely on our schemas to tell us that it probably meows. * although schemas can be helpful and adaptive sometimes we rely on them so m much that we actually make our schemas come true. Self fulfilling prophecy 1. People have an expectation about what a person or group is like 2.which influences how they act toward that person 3.which causes the person to behave consistently with that expectation 4.which makes expectation come true 5.which provides proof that the original expectation was correct Limits on Self Fulfilling prophecy -people true nature can win out in social interaction but it takes effort on the part of the perceiver In a given situation which schemas are applied? Accessibility: the extent to which a concepts at the forefront of someone’s mind and thus likely to be used in making judgments about the social worlds Priming: the process by which recent experiences increase the accessibility of a schema, trait or concept Heuristics: mental shortcuts that reduce complex problem -solving to more rule-based decision Ex. your trying to buy new shampoo but can’t decide which one so you decide to look at the one with the highest rating online **Availability heuristic: use it to evaluate the frequency of an event based on easily it comets mind Ex. are there more words that begin with k or more that have k as the third letter? You may think that there’s more words that start with k but reality is there are more words that have k as the third letter. This is because words that begin with k are more in our memory Planning Fallacies- underestimating the amount of time it will take us to finish a task Sterotypes • general beliefs about a group of people which may guide our behavior towards a person without us being aware of it  


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