Fairy Tales of Germany week one and two notes
Fairy Tales of Germany week one and two notes GRMN2503
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Isabel Trede on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GRMN2503 at a university taught by Professor Schmiesing in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 97 views.
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Date Created: 01/22/16
Isabel Trede Fairy Tales of Germany Week One and Two Notes Legends Originally were stories about the lives of saints About a particular figure/person Narratives b/w myth and historical fact Often legends are about popular folk heroes, soldiers, saints, revolutionaries, etc. Myths Show a concern for creation: how things came to exist Often explain the natural order/cosmic forces Myths involve supernatural/supra-human beings Fables Fables are short narratives that have morals Can be prose or verse Characters with “simple” and identifiable traits (sly fox, week lamb, the beggar, the king, etc.) Folk Tales Often have origins in oral traditions This overarching term includes legends, fables, fairy tales, ghost stories, tall tales, husband and wife tales, tales about local characters, etc. (this is a disputed topic though) Fairy Tales Oral telling and literary forms of fairy tales In literary/written form, fairy tales tend to be a prose narrative about fortunes/misfortunes of a hero/heroine o Often ends with a happily ever after for the hero/heroine Typically contains magic (spells, fairies, charms, helpers (and/or villains) with magical abilities German Terms “Märchen” – means “fairy tales” o literal translation- “little story” or “magic tale” “Volksmärchen”- means “folk tale” “Kunstmärchen”- “artistic fairy tale” o these tales were not collected from existing oral tales, but written as originals “Buchmärchen”- means “book fairy tale” o literary tales “Das Wunderbare”- means “the magical” or “the wonderful” (as in wonder) 01/22/16 Fairy Tales: Theories of Origin descended from Panchatantra o third century Sanskrit o theory advanced by Theodor Benfery also could have originated in Egypt o written on papyrus from 2000 BCE there are very early references to fairy tales 1870: George Cox thought fairy tales examined conflicts between the sun and darkness Hungarian Genza Rohiem thought the source for fairy tales were dreams Vladimir Propp proposed that they stem from primitive rites, myths, and tribal wisdom Psychological approach Idea that stories all over the world were so similar because there were similar states in all the places in which these fairy tales were prevalent Diffusionist approach Idea that stories all over the world were so similar because they just rapidly spread from place to place 1893: Marian Cox publishes analysis of 345 versions of Cinderella The First Literary Fairy Tales “Cupid and Psyche” – root of Beauty and the Beast story o written by Lucius Apuleius o originally written in Latin o 2 ndcentury AD o part of a larger work called Metomorphosis (also called the Golden Ass) “Psyche” means soul or butterfly Apuleius Born in Madaura (in Algeria) Born 2dcentury AD Family was Greek Studied in Carthage and Athens, later lived in Rome Interested in the occult, esp. Cult of Isis o In Cupid and Psyche, Venus may have been the Isis figure in the story Is Cupid and Psyche based on the cult initiation myth about the Egyptian goddess, Isis? o Apuleius was sort of obsessed with these ideas and was even accused of casting spells over his fiancé to get her to marry him Frame Story: The Golden Ass (or Metamorphosis) o Protagonist in the frame story is Lucius, who is turned into an ass o Cupid and Psyche in this book was the first known literary representation of Cupid or Psyche, although they were often depicted in Greek art *Many of the fairy tales we will read will follow the pattern: prohibition, transgression, punishment, redemption Cupid and Psyche Themes/Style Light (Psyche looks upon Cupid in the dark with the oil lamp) Metamorphosis (Psyche made immortal) Love/sexual love Mortality/immortality Prohibition, transgression, punishment, redemption Unity/separation Irony, humor Things in Cupid and Psyche that are common in fairy tales Younger sister who prevails in the end/ underdog/ third child Beautiful, but oppressed girl Wicked witch/stepmother (Venus in C and P) Helper figures (animals, etc.) Beast (Cupid) Magic Why were so many early written fairy tales published as parts of frame stories? The fairy tale was not yet respected enough to be sold independently, so the big, overarching stories gave it the power to sell more th Late 17 century in France Fairy tales being written in salons Fairy tales still not for children, but for educated adults More of a female role because often the salons were owned and run by women (ex. Marie- Catherine Le Jumel de Barneville, Baroness d’Aulnoy) Charles Perrault wrote the Mother Goose Tales around 1700 (includes Cinderella, Sleeping Beauty, and Little Red Riding Hood) o Served a moral purpose Important Terms Civilite- how do you navigate cultural norms Institutionalization- the way in which a fairy tale comes to be Green Serpent Laidronette has “indescrite curiosity” \ o She shows it openly She gets false advice from reading Cupid and Psyche o False analogies