Class Note for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA 2
Class Note for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA 2
Popular in Course
Popular in Department
This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at University of Arizona taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 22 views.
Reviews for Class Note for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA 2
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 02/06/15
Lecmre 22V 08 November 2005 Conservation Bloio 406R 06R Wigwamquot quot Flam Conservation oquuatic Ecosystems D k Ch t 9 Conservation Biology Van y aP quot ECOL 406Rl506R Conservation ofTen estIial Ecosystems University of Arizona Van Dyke Chapter 10 Fall 2005 Exam two was returned on Thursday Dne Week Thank Bob Steidl Role Playing on 15 November Exam 3 on Thursday 17 November review sheet later this week Return 506 papers 5 Kevin Bonine Kathy Gerst There will lie aserninar un Wednesday Nuvember z lprn m ESE 225 Ml E1 The presenter Will he 5 ng B25 1357 LinetteAnena Dr Williamw Shaw Sennnl quatural Resuurces University anriznna llis topie Will lie The Santa Lueia Preserve lnnnvatave Cunservatmn uf Nature fur the Riel and Famuus Did anyone see this Aquatic Conservation VanDyke chapter 9 Exam 2 Manne vs Freshwater de mhun ufllmnulugy 3 Fst data and Slatkin s Migration Estimates Flshenes M annulmre 9D 39 d d t quot1 ti ti quotMy Wm m WP a quot Wquot m llynrntlnerrnal vents and other Benthlc Examples 10 Effective population size mo thimbml Wetlands mm mquot Sod Eutanplnieatann 18 Cryptic species as W 405 mm RarnsarTreaty aaezam ei otherlepslataon 21 Alleles haplotype m mm 15 Importance of freshwater environments and wetlands An acve ntm and ean s1me1 mm 5 mm dauens m nndwatev Water savage 1and mease dunnd dry andsb and Susan enmml You can dunk mmeman o nnn masses nnap Wale muse me ma Packaged bevevage based on me m a swaek m mda Walk nunman quotmymuss water quamyt 75 meemmemauv havvesmd w ave m andr ependem 95 Wnen sheMsh Specwes ave added to Ms ame mud enemaum Nnnh Amenmn and Specwes nes1 m veed m weltands malndueal nrndumunytrIam and amrml hahnao v What is a freshwater aquatic environment Lame wsams nwngmevenwnnmemssum as s1veamsandnvevs Lam sysems taker pend envwnnmems walands aveasvmevetheandtvansnmnstmm aduanemenesnatsueh as marshes swamps adds and tens Vevv dmeume de ne The Ceraer rar Lxmnnlagy was embhshzdmlmy 1922 m pun canduct mdfacthu xdmdfxeshwaur researer The c emer grew am uf almast me bended years af hmnnlagy duh Umvemty rrauaaed by E A Errge and chameyyuday whn famded hmnnlagy m NanhAmenca mrdugr erunsve desaxphve and campauhve studnes Our mats were further devdapedbyArvm D H 5512 whn ledthz way m erperrraeraa hmnnlagy andfanhmtedfmx deeades ufaquahc sardes at Nxscansn Our present pragrarr bands arrurese sppzaanhes andhas Expandedta mclud lmgtem smnies synmess madelmg GreatLakesxesearch and spphcahmm resauree mmagnml and emamemal xssues ne reader Iaday Imian eeaerreerxagyaperacer awa eld daaara are heated ardre LvraverrdyarWrreararraMadrrarreampu ardue mm Nnnl39lzm Hrgmaad Lake Dumm at Em du human Ahmshhnth raaudrer aperace year rsard mu Lake Sham me rraad maydunrg 139 rarrarar mm Cantact lefmma nn Umvemly arWaearam eemer f39nr Lxmmlngy m nah Park 5 met Madrasan smemz mare madman a Fax 50225523 Importance offreshwater environments and Wetlan ds Regurmm mm eameamas mama recWWaVMrem mm mam Stuage amewmarmM em mememm Drama Stuage deem araam am we mumresumes eaaaauamemae Taiwan Gmmrdmprduchirqe Emmimadman aararaynaaaeamyamawaaraa ram am mam easaaeamy Nam mmmnand were quotrmcam MMatandmyvdrmmand may Wasrreasaem saeaes aware submaer Came mt a mama arar aaaarrme merm m Araa meme areeasysem saw a We a quotream armywarmer mm mm s new ewes eeasyseas mmw arawuramem meatemlsmrbmtqu sawmm dMsty m Re Wmag mgaaim Wedzndszlmehzveznecnmmvcvalued me e a a as ma mtmmn er 1r a d onsenmanmmn memes rarnyanrimrimessandmkm quot quotV m cummlhemqe SAStmhonwenH eeamwreaa e Comm era How is a wetland de ned A veuand 5 de ned bvthe EPA bvthe Hydmmevsn 5 covered bv watev dunnd pan the Qmwng seasen the sens ave saluvaled Vegetahnnrn has at eas1 5m nbhgale and vaumauve man s Hvdnc smtsr mst ave Etuvated DVVQ enough to have Women eve s How Much Wetland Area Has Been Lost Since preasettlement N 160039s Nationwide 53 in lower 48 I Great Lakes Basin 70 I Michigan 50 of total Wetlands lost 70 of coastal Wetlands 75 of Michigan wetlands in private own e rs h ip fmm szmg mm Michigan Wmam A Lamowmr39 4242 B Major Effects of Wetland Losses 0 loss of spawning grounds for fish 0 loss of waterfowl habitat 0 loss of flood control capability 0 loss of erosion control and sedimenttrapping capability Removal of riparian 39 vegetation next to stream due to residential development Percentage of wetlands Aueage Lust nwuasn39s 7wemymo slates nave lost at least 50 pews7t aftheironglna wetlands Seven staresilndlana llllnols Missmm Kentucky lawa Callfomla and Ohm have last over 50 nercent of their onglnil wetlands slnse me 19 m 5 the mast wenslve losses afwezlands have been ln Loulsiana Mlsslsslppl Arkansas rlanaa South Camm5 and North Caroma same mm ant Well Wavlarms 7ndhmmn ten qumM eelnmn tom Why So Much Wetland Loss 0 Perception of wetlands as wastelands and swamps ignorance 0 Economic incentives for development and urban sprawl Farming up to edge of stream Invader Species Majorthreattowetland diversity Reduction in the abundance and speciesrnchness of native macrophytes and associated Invertebrate Communities Alteration ofnument cycles and biochemical processes Invasive exotic species tends to increase as ecosystems w become degraded Livestock corral adjacent to stream Eutrophicau39on e enrichment of aqua c Introduced weeds ecosystems by inorganic nuirienm mostly P amp N and nonmative plans causingincreased primary productivity ie purple loosestrife Culmral eutruphicatinn e The usual suspects semge need to be controed agriculture land clearance risheries mgmL practices throth blowglcal Did reciamatiun pulium Chemical and0F Black Fund Stager 2001 mechanical means Amlbazml binums annnne rish kills andhr rish stacking or prevented by proper land management ie minimize disturbance Sediment cure evidence diatums and urganic mama Natural Eutruphica un e a Paleo Perspective Furest rires draugits climzm shirts Acidi cation Hsampii0airnrnnisiure sulfuric and nitric acidpecip Insect inrestatiuns7 Hemlnck Decline 4300 yrs BP 7 van Nustrand Lake Onmriu St Jaques et al 2000 Mnrtaiity and recumity amphibians sh Mnhi zzu39nnnfheavy rneiais 2g ALHg grim nutrient Inpulsi Watershed asters hurrering I capacity ciirmie paaerns eiem39nn smnmi smw cave acey Sediment cures puiien diztnms urgznic matter 39 3g Manse Lake Harm Cn L NY vuinerahieinaiicaiegnries a Are Eutrophication and Acidi cation Good or Bad 39 Mid 1900s oligotrophic lakes are wasted resources 7 fertilize them 39 1970s 7 1980s eutrophic lakes are scummy and polluted 7 ban phosphates so acid precipitation must be good because it makes nice clear oligotrophic lakes 39 Human activity vs non7human processes 39 Perspectives human many organisms ecosystems Factory Farms and Water Pollution Approaches in Protecting Freshwater and Wetlands Cnnsemtinn Issue Remedial Managemnt Preventative Manath Wetlands Cu urdmated Managemem a uffer smps Aeeu39muen Liming Eeeeauen Sedimentation ane Remewl uffa ulizas Reducetheuse uffemhzers Eutmphicauun Reduce emsun en 2g anneal lands a mmampulatmn Edumtmn lnmsive speees Intervenan Pmtecuun Manua1 Remuwl Regemuen Meenameal Cuntml Edumu en eChemiml Cuntml eEmlugiml Cuntml uEnvlmnmentzl Mampmauen Dnea use ennmwe weetes Gmundwata39Depleuun Reclaimed water Cunsemuun Regmauen Edumtmn 29 Point vs Nonpoint W 1 1 nonumya saunas I f noun 4 p 39 gaunm gt Factory Farms and Water Pollution Legislation and Management for Freshwater Environments International Legislation 7 Ramsar Convention on Wetlands 7 Global International Water Assessment GIWA The Wild and Scenic Rivers Act The Clean Water Act 7 Index of Biotic Integrity IBI a thmg xs nghtwhen xttends to preserve the mtegnty stebxlxty and beauty afthe bxatxe eammumty It 3 Wrong when xttends atherwxse Aldo Leopold 3U lBl iiiiii iiiaiimnuitnwin mirriianmnii nlnllmm it my iimim x eti a muttonquot its 4 my Freshwater Legislation Clean Water Act 3c Amendments 1972 USA resture amp maintain integrityquot Enhance aouaoelifequot Wetlands Legislation 1982 Commission on Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources CCAMLR Established mannelife eonservation allows fur rauunal usequot ofresourees Regulated harvesting A may not eausepopulataon to diminish below number that allows stable reeruitment Freshwater Legislation Wild amp Scenic Rivers Act 1968 USA Stream or seetaon thereofdesignated as wild or seenie nveris prutected 39nm any aeoon by any federal agenry that would adversely affect its water quallty quot Seeoons ufnvers eai also be designated Wetlands Legislation 1971 Ramsar Convention international Prutemunufecusystem instead ufspecles Canada United StatesrTable 9 3 p 246 United Stateeretlands Reserve Program Problems Associated with Marine Environmental Law and Policy Presentmanagement ufmanne eeosystem is based on a series ofregmes that are direeted at the various pans rather than the whole and that are lneffeetualquot w M yon Zharen Naoonaliunsdietaon does not usually eoineide with the movement offishpopulataons pollution 39nm one cuuntxy u en affects waters and marine eeosystems of other eountnes Diseharged waters may intro duee nonnative speeies to eoastal waters that destruy loeal speeies lntemataonal and national laws cun lct with the eonservataon ufmanne resourees Mongolia s environment undermined by gold fever heTubmsexdsumeTmmtsm wamwmysemeMddremm Zeb Hogan Traditmml mluxes he naming mm area cm ictwith madam mm which alsathxeatznslacal ecnlagy Ecosystem Management 3th van We next land management system that seeks protect viable populations of all native sgcies perpetuates natural disturbance regimes on the regional scale adopls a planning timeline of centuries and allows human use at levels that do not result in longterm ecological degrada 39onquot Ecosystem energy and nutrient processing system with physical structure and function that circulates matter and energy De nmons are debatable u EmlagstZeb Hagan Mank Garmgn mdFishmg cum Dan v ermdlim penth ta save Tumeh m um Van We 2mm The the and the and The Muhguhah ihsuTuTe ufGeueculugy have pamemdas a resmrch tamm a euhsemuuh effuntu susTamahiy pmtectMungulia s gent Elmun Huehu TaTmeh Thruugh upemuuh ur shmg euheessmhs This Sryar pmpem will he The musT exTehsTye sTudy urHuehu lamm evEr euhdueTed The sTudy will assess pupuiauuh sTaTus mgeuuhs and Thst Tu halthypupulauuns uftalmm and The rule ur lamm as a pan urThe bruader eeusysTem hruuhauuh pruduced by The Sclmce tam will he used Tu deyeiup a haTuTal resuurce managemehT plan fur The regun Northern Smtted Owl sold Growth ForesB Thomas Report 1990 towards an Ecosysmrn Approach on Th T Th TTT TWT l Tum T Draductmn mm ah T oooT DOEl NPSV 7777 sustemeulev V51 owezuua Ecosystem Management cn1o Van Dyke text WW7 neroswon poHuuon Waste drsposar sedrmentauon rsmaH or uncnansmauc specres recreauon rnmnsrc yame smg e specres approacn yery expenswe sncp moder ndrwen by CAPACITY to dehver goods seryrces funcuons NOT Demand for dnem forest as an ecosystem not Just a tree farm Managers recogmze dne need for ndman communmes to unhze some ecosystem resources VanDyke p 272 De ne SDnE Where do We draw the hne Human paparatran ntrease Umt of ecosystem management7 7w atersned7 nmake sure mche rmportant componens Eyergrades and Lake Okeechobee nmanagement expenmentar and adapuve sacp rmomtormg scooperatwon stakenorders Red hs1 Intematranar Unan fur Cansewatrcn DfNamrE and Naturar Resources n the way Red trst system 1 5mm mmmma 25mm m we Md 2 DtMaIy Endangered WEEK S 4 Endangered E 5 Wmd 5 Near Wearened 7L 259 twain a Data ae omr and 9 NatEvalarEd A spemes rs hsted tnreatened r t raus n tne Cntrtauy Endangered Endangered ar ydrnerame tatedanes u Ecosystem Processes Necessary ys sdt crent nHawaH mrssng 90 natwe vertebrates re water nerbryory predauon