PSCI 280 Chapter 2 Notes
PSCI 280 Chapter 2 Notes PSCI 280
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Diamond Eddie on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 280 at a university taught by Dr. Fernandez in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views.
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Date Created: 01/22/16
Diamond Eddie Dr. Fernandez 19 January, 2016 PSCI 280 (Notes finishing up Ch. 2) Trends in democratic cultures of IDC’s What are the troubling trends? Sharp decline in governments and leaders if most citizens support their regimes. A growing disconnect between people’s attitudes towards regimes towards government leaders and institutions Democratic governments experience a lack of confidence in government leaders and institutions like parties, congress, parliament o A widespread trend in IDC not just US or France 1970’2 turning point Until 1960’s/70’s studies show civic cultures in IDC were robust After WW11, most believe governments could be trusted to do right thing most of the time, care for average person Beliefs are much less pronounced today Studies trends begin in 1079’s and continue with some variations and with some fluctuations, but trend is linear. Political Party and Election Voting and elections are key—Input and accountability functions of democratic political systems Democratic accountability depends on voter participation and turnout in election Trends in IDC very, but patterns is troubling for robo Voter Turnout Disturbing trend is declines in voter turnout in almost all of the democracies where voters have choice May have gotten worse with employment and underemployment since the Great Recession of 2007 Turnout rate very different. Defined as percent of registered voters who cast votes. From 99% in Australia in national election to US rates on low end at $$% Political Parties in Industrial democracies: Key Functions Organize and mobilize voters Provide voter choices for allocation of resources nd values Provide input and accountability of government in power Run elections Provide a government in waiting while out of power Parties carry out those functions Parties are fragmenting due to new political divisions –an indicator that harder to find common ground and consensus Troubling number of extreme parties a sign cultures are becoming less tolerant and more divided For right parties are on the rise in Europe Their ideology stresses ethic party and support system as militant nationalism and distrust of central government The most prominent fascist parties are national found in France and freedom Party Austria Ihi; Established and new parties in the IDC’s what is difference Established parties-refers to those political parties that have been around for more than five decades, have experience in governance, and reflect the divisions that arose out of the great upheavals caused by the industrial revolution in XLX century and Great Depression In IDC can be classified in a Left to Right Spectrum mostly over views of string vs. weak state Left parties favor welfare states with more responsibilities focusing on income and social equality and Right parties weaken states with more individual responsibility and market outcomes New parties-refer to those political parties that emerge as a result of cultural and social changes, decline in confidence in established parties after World War 1. They represent new divisions is society over values. New generations raised in more affluent societies that satisfy most material needs emphasized political issues as gender equality, environmentalism, new forms of expressive individualism (GLBT rights), pacifism and international understanding self Why is this happening Contentious issue, no agreed to single theory or explanation in political science Among factors emphasized by political scientists are globalization, slower GDP growth, technological changes and rising income inequalities in IDC political systems Social science theories and analysis: Van Craveld’s thesis of the decline of the state o Defense/ security function changes o Welfare state, inequality on rise o Provide for well being o Technology, media, communications, transforming culture Inglehart thesis of demographic and cultural changes
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