Tennessee History Week 1 Notes
Tennessee History Week 1 Notes 10507
University of Memphis
Popular in Tennessee History
Popular in History
Bryce Balistreri MD
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bradley Notetaker on Friday January 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 10507 at University of Memphis taught by Sivananda in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see Tennessee History in History at University of Memphis.
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Date Created: 01/22/16
Chapter 1 TN Beginnings Age of TN Geologists say 100s of millions of years Anthropologist say a few thousand Historians say a few centuries TN Physiographic Diversity: geologically district sub regions Mississippi Alluvial Plain Gulf Coastal Plain Western Valley of TN River Western Highland Rim Coastal Basin Eastern highland Rim Sequatchie Valley Cumberland Plateau Valley and Ridge Blue Ridge Natural Resources Unaka Mountains Great Smokies Part of Appalachian Chain Extends from New England to deep south Forests Central Basin: contains phosphate rich limestone MS river alluvial soil Mineral resources: Iron, Copper, Coal, and Marble Important Rivers of TN 1. TN River 2. Cumberland River 3. Mississippi River Divisions of TN East o Unaka Mountains o East Cumberland o TN River Middle TN o Cumberland Plateau o Cumberland Rivers o Lower TN Rivers West TN o Western Valley o Mississippi River First Tennesseans Paleo Indians Nomadic hunters No permanent habitations Bands Mastodon was huge elephant that they hunted and could feed off of for months They experienced: o Campfires and stone tools o Climatic change o Elk, deer, and moose o Stone age to Agriculture Archaic Indians More settled Season movement Innovations o Clay hearths o Soapstone bowl o Fish hooks o Reed basket o Atlatl (spear thrower) Prehistoric Woodland Indians Permanent settlements Agriculture Pottery Bows and arrows Burial mounds and grave goods (for some of the dead, not all) Advanced ( network of trade relations) Were called Mississippi Indians because they lived along the MS River Mississippi Indians experienced: Migration from west to east Towns and villages headed by chiefs and priests Descendants of MS Indians Cherokees Chickasaw Creek Shawnees o All spoke different languages (caused division) MS River Towns Palisaded hilltop towns overlooking rivers Crops cultivated in bottom land Central Plaza surrounded by mounds o Elites lived on the top of the hill o Commoners lived on bottom Gender Relations: o Women: farming, gathering, domestic chores o Men: hunting, fishing, war, and gov. Entertainment o Chunkey (rolling stone disk game played by men) MS River Indians society o Decentralization o Chief and council of elders o Tribes and clans ( deer, snake, wild potato, long hair are examples of clan names) o Communal ownership of land o Mystical beliefs and omens o Warfare not for land but for heroic deeds and retaliation
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